About This Chapter
Introduction to Public Speaking - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Let our instructor show you what public speech is and isn't and provide you with a historical overview of this act. You can even explore your responsibilities as a speaker and get tips for managing the butterflies and sweaty palms so often associated with speaking in front of a group. This chapter is designed to teach you about:
- Components of the communication process
- Characteristics and types of public speech
- Ethics of public speaking
- Free speech issues
|What Is Public Speaking and Why Do I Need to Do It?||Find out what the act of speaking publicly entails. Learn why public speaking skills are important for success in your school, work, and personal life.|
|Public Speaking as a Communication Process||Study the role of speaker and listener in the communication process. Examine the effects of interference and feedback on your message.|
|The Historical Tradition of Public Speaking||Discuss the classical roots of public speaking and describe the similarities and differences between public speaking today and in the past. Examine the significance of free speech in a democracy.|
|Being an Ethical Speaker: Guidelines & Issues||Outline what it means to be an ethical or unethical speaker. Explain the benefits of being an ethical speaker and the consequences of being an unethical speaker. Learn the measures you can take to ensure ethical speech preparation and delivery.|
|How Public Speaking Differs From Casual Conversation||Compare and contrast the characteristics of public speaking and casual conversation.|
|Managing Anxiety About Public Speaking: Strategies & Tips||Explore why speakers sometimes feel nervous about speaking in public. Get tips for reducing and managing excess speaker's energy, both before and during your presentation.|
|Types of Speeches: Informative, Persuasive, and Special Occasion||Get a brief overview of the characteristics of informative, persuasive, and special occasion speeches.|
1. What Is Public Speaking and Why Do I Need to Do It?
Public speaking is the process of communicating information to an audience. It is usually done before a large audience, like in school, the workplace and even in our personal lives. The benefits of knowing how to communicate to an audience include sharpening critical thinking and verbal/non-verbal communication skills.
2. Public Speaking as a Communication Process
Public speaking is a process of communicating to a large group. It involves a sender, receiver and a message. The message is sent through various channels and generally results in feedback from the audience.
3. The Historical Tradition of Public Speaking
Public speaking has been around for over 2,500 years. Through the years, not much has changed. Speaking before a large audience is still done for the same reasons: to inform, persuade or entertain.
4. Being an Ethical Speaker: Guidelines & Issues
Public speaking should reflect the character of the speaker and should be based on a foundation of trust, integrity, respect and dignity. The speaker should avoid behaviors like stereotyping, damaging messages and plagiarism.
5. How Public Speaking Differs from Casual Conversation
Public speaking and casual conversation are similar in that they are done to inform, persuade or entertain an audience. They are different in that public speaking is more structured, is spoken in a formal language and has a formal delivery.
6. Managing Anxiety About Public Speaking: Strategies & Tips
Speaking before a crowd can provoke anxiety even in the most seasoned speakers. There are several tips and strategies a public speaker can employ to reduce the level of stress associated with public speaking.
7. Types of Speeches: Informative, Persuasive, and Special Occasion
There are essentially three types of speeches public speakers use to influence their audience. In this lesson, we'll look at those three types of speeches and how each serves a different purpose.
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Other chapters within the Communications 101: Public Speaking course
- Analyzing Your Audience
- Listening and Feedback
- Selecting the Topic, Purpose, and Thesis of Your Speech
- Researching the Speech
- Organizing The Speech
- Outlining The Speech
- Language and Style
- Speech Delivery
- Selecting and Incorporating Visual Supports
- Types of Speeches
- Reasoning and Rhetorical Proof
- Speech Evaluation
- Preparing For an Impromptu Speech
- Required Assignments for Communications 101
- Studying for Communications 101