About This Chapter
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Anyone who needs help learning or mastering research methods in psychology material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn about psychology research methods. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the uses of different research methodologies
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
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- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about research methods
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- Students who attend schools without extra psychology learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Introduction to Research Methods chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
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Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an introductory unit of a standard research methods in psychology course. Topics covered include:
- Purposes of research
- Characteristics of high-quality research
- Differences between non-scientific and scientific research
- Steps and applications of the scientific method
- Uses of observation, measurement and experimentation
- Advantages of non-experimental and experimental research
- Quantitative, qualitative and mixed method research methodologies
- Differences between basic and applied research
- Exploratory, descriptive and explanatory purposes of research
1. What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers
Psychological research helps to shape our society - from the way we raise our children to the way we treat our criminals and military enemies. But what is research and who conducts it? This lesson explores the purposes of research in psychology and the individuals who observe, record, and alter our behavior.
2. How to Produce High-Quality Research
Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.
3. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences
Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?
4. What Is the Scientific Method in Psychology? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps
How might someone apply the scientific method to psychological research? We will review the steps of the scientific method and how they applied to one of the most famous psychological studies ever conducted.
5. Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process
You've conducted the research and compiled it all together. Now what? What good is 300 pages of research if it is too complex to convey? You can turn it into a model and teach others, but be wary of the pitfalls.
6. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation
What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.
7. Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages
How is a non-experimental design scientific? We will look at what it means to use experimental and non-experimental designs in the course of psychological research. We will also look at some classic examples of different types of research.
8. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method
While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
9. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences
In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'
10. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory
There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.
11. Cause and Effect Relationship: Definition & Examples
This lesson explores the relationship between cause and effect and teaches you about the criteria for establishing a causal relationship, the difference between correlation and causation, and more.
12. Dramaturgical Analysis in Sociology: Definition & Examples
Dramaturgical analysis is the idea that people's day-to-day lives can be understood as resembling performers in action on a theater stage. Learn more about dramaturgical analysis and test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Instrumental Values: Definition & Examples
Instrumental values are one of two types of values distinguished by social psychologist Milton Rokeach. Learn more about instrumental values from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
14. Psychophysics: Definition & Fundamentals
When you interact with the world around you, your brain is responding to different environmental stimuli. Psychologists who study these responses, like light, sound, or tastes, are part of the field of psychophysics. In this lesson, you will get a definition of psychophysics and learn about the fundamental methods that psychologists use to study psychophysics.
15. Sampling Distribution: Definition, Models & Example
Researchers frequently use sample data to draw conclusions about a population using sampling distributions. In this lesson, you will learn about the definition of a sampling distribution and review an example with an illustration.
16. What Are Aggregates in Research? - Definition & Types
Aggregates are frequently presented in social science research. In this lesson, you will learn what aggregates are and how they can be used in research.
17. What Is Formal Research? - Definition & Methods
Learn about formal research and its important characteristics. Learn about the methods involved in completing formal research along with a real life research study example.
18. Analytical Psychology: Definition, Theory & Practice
Analytical psychology is a unique theory of mind and therapeutic approach. This lesson will introduce you to the ideas behind analytical psychology as well as some of the history of the theory.
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Other chapters within the Research Methods in Psychology: Help and Review course
- Principles of Ethical Research: Help and Review
- Setting Up the Research Study: Help and Review
- Data Collection Techniques in Psychology: Help and Review
- Nonexperimental Research: Help and Review
- Qualitative Research Methods and Design: Help and Review
- Quasi-Experimental Research: Help and Review
- Sampling and Generalization: Help and Review
- Measurement in Research: Help and Review
- Internal Validity in Research: Help and Review
- External Validity: Help and Review
- Experimental Design: Help and Review
- Descriptive Statistics in Psychology: Help and Review
- Inferential Statistics in Psychology: Help and Review
- Evaluating Research Findings: Help and Review
- Ethics in Counselor-Supervisor Relationships