About This Chapter
Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Any field can become stagnant without ongoing research. In this chapter, knowledgeable instructors will introduce you to the types of research, the tools and the methodologies associated with social research. You can also find out about ways to ensure that research conducted is of high quality. When you complete this chapter, you should be able to do the following tasks:
- Compare scientific and nonscientific research
- Explain the differences between experimental and non-experimental research
- Discuss types of research designs used in psychology
- Describe the scientific model's use in decision making
|What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers||Explain the concept of research, discussing the purpose and who usually conducts it.|
|How to Produce High-Quality Research||Describe the attributes of high-quality research, including the following points: based on past research, replicatable, generalizable, logical, tied to theory, doable, generates new ways of thinking, incremental, and is completed with the goal to somehow better society.|
|Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences||Compare nonscientific and scientific research.|
|What Is the Scientific Method? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps||Outline the features of the scientific method.|
|Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process||Explain how the scientific method may be used in the decision-making process.|
|Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation||Define and discuss observation, measurement and experimentation as ways to establish cause and effect.|
|Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages||Compare and contrast non-experimental and experimental research, explaining the advantages and disadvantages of each.|
|Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method||Detail the differences between quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method studies.|
|Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences||Compare basic research and applied research.|
|Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory||Discuss exploring a new topic (exploratory), describing a social phenomenon (descriptive) and explaining why something occurs (explanatory) as reasons for conducting social research.|
|Types of Research Designs in Psychology||Address the types of research designs used in psychology.|
1. What is Research? - Definition, Purpose & Typical Researchers
Psychological research helps to shape our society - from the way we raise our children to the way we treat our criminals and military enemies. But what is research and who conducts it? This lesson explores the purposes of research in psychology and the individuals who observe, record, and alter our behavior.
2. How to Produce High-Quality Research
Psychology is a science that requires high quality research due to the inherent complexity of human thoughts, behaviors and emotions. One way to go about producing high quality research is to follow certain guidelines that all true sciences follow.
3. Nonscientific and Scientific Research: Definitions and Differences
Explore the way people 'know' information without using a scientific methodology. Have you ever fallen for nonscientific research and then presented it as fact?
4. What Is the Scientific Method in Psychology? - Definition, Characteristics & Steps
How might someone apply the scientific method to psychological research? We will review the steps of the scientific method and how they applied to one of the most famous psychological studies ever conducted.
5. Applying the Scientific Model to the Decision-Making Process
You've conducted the research and compiled it all together. Now what? What good is 300 pages of research if it is too complex to convey? You can turn it into a model and teach others, but be wary of the pitfalls.
6. Psychological Research Tools: Observation, Measurement & Experimentation
What are the primary ways a psychologist goes about conducting research? In this lesson, we will look at the three main ways a researcher can go about learning something, as well as some of the more famous psychological research that has used these techniques.
7. Non-Experimental and Experimental Research: Differences, Advantages & Disadvantages
How is a non-experimental design scientific? We will look at what it means to use experimental and non-experimental designs in the course of psychological research. We will also look at some classic examples of different types of research.
8. Research Methodologies: Quantitative, Qualitative & Mixed Method
While there are many ways to conduct an experiment in psychology, there are only so many ways you can describe it. In this lesson, we will discuss the differences, strengths, and weaknesses of the qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.
9. Basic Research and Applied Research: Definitions and Differences
In this lesson, we look at the difference between basic and applied psychological research and discover why there is a separation. Through examples, we'll answer the questions, 'What is the purpose of research if it doesn't apply to the real world?' and 'How are the two interrelated?'
10. Purposes of Research: Exploratory, Descriptive & Explanatory
There is a parallel between how people come to understand something and the process of researching an idea. This lesson explores the purposes of research as well as three approaches to research in psychology: exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory.
11. Types of Research Designs in Psychology
What are the three main research designs, and what are their advantages and disadvantages? In this lesson, you'll explore the different goals behind descriptive, correlational and experimental research designs.
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Other chapters within the Psychology: High School course
- History of Modern Psychology
- Data Collection in Psychological Research
- Sampling in Psychological Research
- Measurement in Psychological Research
- Statistics in Psychological Research
- Evaluating Research Findings in Psychology
- Biological Bases of Behavior in Psychology
- Sensation & Perception in Psychology
- Motivation & Needs in Psychology
- Emotion in Psychology
- Stress in Psychology
- Basics of Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Biological Development in Psychology
- Sensory & Perceptual Development in Psychology
- Cognitive Development in Psychology
- Physical Development & Psychology
- Social Development in Psychology
- Personality Development & Theories
- Learning & Conditioning in Psychology
- Memory & Cognition in Psychology
- Intelligence Testing in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Basics of Social Psychology
- Abnormal Psychology Basics
- Theories of Abnormal Psychology
- Abnormal Disorders in Psychology
- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Psychology