About This Chapter
Introduction to Social Science Chapter Summary
Lessons in this chapter can help you explore topics of interest to social scientists working in a variety of fields. Use them to examine these areas and more:
- Human geography
- American government
- Life span development
- Counseling theory
- Abnormal behavior
- Sociology research methods
Video lessons and quizzes are designed to improve your understanding of key social science vocabulary terms and provide you with some inroads to more specialized topics. You can view them individually or use them to supplement one or more of the full-length courses listed below.
How to Use this Chapter
Video lessons in this chapter can be used to complement the instruction you receive in a traditional classroom setting, whether to study for a test or take a closer look at topics that interest you. Instruction is delivered by experienced educators who make the most of visual aids to demonstrate key points. You might also find the self-assessment quizzes helpful if you need to check your progress.
These resources can also be used alongside our full-length courses on the following topics:
- Anthropology 101: General Anthropology
- Communications 101: Public Speaking
- Communications 103: Workplace Communications with Computers
- Counseling 101: Fundamentals of Counseling
- Education 101: Foundations of Education
- Geography 101: Human Cultural Geography
- Political Science 102: American Government
- Psychology 101: Intro to Psychology
- Psychology 102: Educational Psychology
- Psychology 103: Human Growth and Development
- Psychology 104: Social Psychology
- Psychology 105: Research Methods in Psychology
- Psychology 106: Abnormal Psychology
- Psychology 107: Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Psychology 108: Psychology of Adulthood and Aging
- Sociology 101: Intro to Sociology
- Sociology 103: Foundations of Gerontology
1. Dismissive-Avoidant Attachment: Disorder & Treatment
Dismissive-avoidant attachment patterns are learned early in life and tend to affect all relationships throughout the life span. Learn more about dismissive-avoidant attachment and how it develops and is treated and then test your knowledge with quiz questions.
2. Bronfenbrenner's Exosystem: Definition & Examples
Urie Bronfenbrenner is a renowned developmental psychologist who introduced the ecological systems theory. Learn about Bronfenbrenner's exosystem from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. Bronfenbrenner's Macrosystem: Definition & Examples
The ecological systems theory was introduced by Urie Bronfenbrenner in 1979. Learn more about the five layers of the ecological systems theory from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
4. Bronfenbrenner's Chronosystem: Definition & Examples
Urie Bronfenbrenner is a famous developmental psychologists known for his ecological systems theory. Learn more about Bronfenbrenner's theory and the role of the chronosystem in childhood development.
5. Looking-Glass Self: Theory, Definition & Examples
Have you ever thought of why some people have a higher or lower self-esteem than others? Sociologist Charles Cooley thought that part of this was due to the concept of the looking-glass self. Find out more in this lesson.
6. Axis III in the DSM: Diagnosis, Disorders & Examples
Explore Axis III of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Learn about general medical conditions, how they are related to the treatment of mental disorders and more.
7. Electra Complex and Freud: Definition, Story & Examples
Electra is a historical heroine who helped to kill her own mother. Learn about how the Electra complex relates to the Oedipus complex as well as Freud's theories of psychosexual development and how he believed we relate to our parents.
8. Ideal Self vs. Real Self: Definition & Difference
Have you ever considered that there is a real self and an ideal self? In this lesson, you will discover the difference between the two, and the effect of two selves at odds. The lesson also offers a short quiz to help you measure your level of understanding.
9. Environmental Stressors: Examples, Definition & Types
In this lesson, we will learn what an environmental stressor is and explore the different kinds of environmental stressors, as well as how they influence your mood. At the end of the lesson, you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Nuclear Family: Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
There are many types of families in the world. A common one is the nuclear family. Explore what it means to belong to a nuclear family system. Learn the advantages and disadvantages to this particular family structure.
11. What Is Psychological Distress? - Definition & Symptoms
Psychological distress is a general term that is used to describe unpleasant feelings or emotions that impact your level of functioning. Learn about the causes of psychological distress, the symptoms, and more.
12. Maslow's Safety Needs: Examples & Definition
Learn about Maslow's safety stage in the hierarchy of needs, apply the safety stage to your life and experiences, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Esteem Needs in Maslow's Hierarchy: Examples & Definition
When the first three needs in Maslow's hierarchy of needs have been met, the esteem needs, based on desires for appreciation and respect, begin to motivate behavior. This lesson explores Maslow's fourth stage and includes a short quiz.
14. Ekman's Six Basic Emotions: List & Definitions
In this lesson, we'll discuss Paul Ekman and how he discovered the six basic emotions universal across all cultures. You can view images and read descriptions of these emotions, and then you can test your knowledge with a quiz.
15. Bottom-Up Processing in Psychology: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, you'll learn what bottom-up processing is and review some examples of this decision-making strategy. Then, test your knowledge with a quiz.
16. Representativeness Heuristic: Examples & Definition
In this lesson, you will learn to define the representativeness heuristic and apply it to real-world examples. Following this lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
17. Insight Learning - Wolfgang Kohler: Theory, Definition & Examples
Insight learning is a theory of learning first put forth by Wolfgang Kohler about 90 years ago. Learn about the development and definition of this theory and then test your knowledge with a short quiz.
18. Interposition in Psychology: Definition & Examples
Interposition occurs in instances where one object overlaps the other, which causes us to perceive depth. Learn more about interposition, depth perception, monocular cues, and more.
19. The Superego: Definition & Examples
The superego is one of the three components of personality in Freud's psychoanalytic theory. Learn the characteristics of the superego in this lesson, and discover how it interacts with the other components of personality.
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Other chapters within the Supplemental Social Science: Study Aid course