About This Chapter
Introduction to Sociology - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to get an overview of sociology, with videos regarding what it is, career possibilities and themes. Our instructors will show you why sociology is important by providing information on applications in several areas of society.
You'll study theories regarding sociology and society, and get a look at several perspectives on sociology. After completing this chapter's lessons, you should be prepared to:
- Define sociology
- Name some career options for sociology graduates
- Explain Comte's stages of society
- Analyze the theory of positivism
- Describe the four theoretical perspectives of sociology: social conflict, feminism, symbolic interactionism and structural-functional
These brief, engaging video lessons are developed and taught by experts in the field. The self-assessment quizzes at the end of each lesson allow you to gauge your learning, and the timeline's jump feature can used to return to a particular passage in the video for review. Many of the key terms you'll need to understand are highlighted in the corresponding lesson transcript.
1. What Is Sociology? - Definition, Themes & Careers in Sociology
What is sociology? This lesson covers a basic definition of the field, identifies major themes or questions studied by sociologists, and identifies possible careers in sociology. Learn about the main ideas within this popular and fascinating field!
2. Why Is Sociology Important? - Applications in Public Policy, Social Change & Personal Growth
How can theoretical and abstract ideas from sociology be used in the 'real world?' This lesson covers three applications of sociology. First, we'll discuss public policy, such as welfare. Second, we'll cover social change, including change in the economy, cities, and politics. Finally, sociology is applied to personal growth, including motivation and citizenship.
3. Comte's 3 Stages of Society & Theory of Positivism
This lesson focuses on the theories of Auguste Comte. Specifically, Comte suggested that global society has gone through three stages, called the theological stage, the metaphysical stage, and the scientific stage. It also covers Comte's theory of 'positivism' and how science and society interact.
4. Sociology's Four Theoretical Perspectives: Structural-Functional, Social Conflict, Feminism & Symbolic Interactionism
Theories are an essential part of the framework used to organize specific social phenomena within the social sciences. This lesson introduces the four major theoretical perspectives in sociology, including structural-functional, social conflict, feminism, and symbolic interactionism.
5. Positivism in Sociology: Definition, Theory & Examples
This lesson highlights the theories of positivism and the impact this approach had on the development of a new social science - sociology. You will put yourself in the shoes of positivist thinkers Comte and Durkheim and see society through their eyes.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Sociology (012): Practice & Study Guide course
- Influential Sociological Theorists
- Sociological Research Methods
- References Sources for Sociology Research
- Organizing & Analyzing Research Information
- Culture, Socialization & Social Interaction
- Personality & Self
- Beliefs, Attitudes & Development
- Deviance & Social Control
- Social Groups & Interactions
- Types of Communication
- Social Status & Stratification
- Sex & Gender Roles in Society
- Race & Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in American Society
- Families, Religion & Schools in the US
- Aging, Health & Family Issues in Society
- Social Changes & Cultural Variations
- Urbanization, Industrialization & Modernization
- Social Movements
- Racism, Prejudice & Poverty in the US
- Crime & the US Criminal Justice System
- Ecological Problems in the US
- Political & Economic Systems
- Population Growth & Trends
- MTTC Sociology Flashcards