About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Introduction to Viruses chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday|| Virus fundamentals|
|The definition, structure and operation of a virus|
Shapes of viruses, including helical, icosahedral, prolate, complex and enveloped
|Tuesday|| Virus life cycle|
Classification of viruses
|Overview of how viruses replicate and attack, with terms including attachment, penetration and uncoating|
Double- and single-stranded viruses, positive- and negative-sense viruses and reverse transcriptase
|Wednesday||DNA and RNA virus replication||Ways that DNA viruses replicate within a host cell, DNA based genome, capsid and cytoplasm|
How RNA viruses replicate, translation and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase
|Thursday|| How viruses mutate|
Bacteriophage lytic and lysogenic cycles
|Antigenic drift, antigenic shift, reassortment and recombination|
Definition of bacteriophages, their structure and infection cycle
|Friday||The flu, HIV and immune system evasion||Overview of influenza viruses and HIV and how they sidestep and confuse the human immune system|
1. What Are Viruses? - Definition, Structure & Function
In this lesson, you'll learn some historical facts about viruses and the material they are composed of. Find out more as we review the capsid, nucleic acids, the viral envelope, viruses, virions, bacteriophages and virology.
2. Shapes of a Virus: Helical, Icosahedral, Prolate, Complex & Enveloped
Learn about the different shapes viruses can have, such as helical, icosahedral, prolate, complex and enveloped. Find out why one shape is particularly useful from an energetic standpoint.
3. The Life Cycle of a Virus: How Viruses Live, Attack & Replicate
Find out how viruses infect and replicate as we explore the important steps of the virus life cycle, including attachment, uncoating, penetration, replication, and release, as well as the lysogenic and lytic cycles.
4. Classification of Viruses: Viral Genome and Replication Scheme
Find out how viruses are classified based on their being double-stranded, single-stranded, positive-sense, negative-sense, or by having something called reverse transcriptase.
5. Replication of DNA Viruses
This lesson will give you a basic overview of how DNA viruses replicate inside of a host cell. We will cover the entry, integration, replication and release of DNA viruses.
6. Replication of RNA Viruses
This lesson will give you a basic overview of how different types of RNA viruses replicate inside of an animal cell. We will cover the essence of being double-stranded and retroviruses, as well as positive-and negative-sense RNA viruses.
7. How Viruses Mutate: Antigenic Drift and Antigenic Shift
This lesson will discuss the major ways by which viruses, notably the flu virus, mutates. We will talk about recombination, reassortment, antigenic drift, antigenic shift, and more!
8. Viruses: Bacteriophage Lytic and Lysogenic Cycles
Viruses are generally not only our enemy but also the enemy of many other organisms. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect specific bacteria. In this lesson, we'll discuss their basic structure and infection cycle.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the High School Biology Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Fundamental Science Lesson Plans
- Basic Science Lab Skills Lesson Plans
- Inorganic Chemistry for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Introduction to Organic Chemistry Lesson Plans
- Enzymatic Biochemistry for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Cell Biology for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Requirements of Biological Systems Lesson Plans
- Cell Communication Lesson Plans
- Metabolic Biochemistry for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Cell Division for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA Lesson Plans
- DNA Replication: Processes and Steps Lesson Plans
- The Transcription and Translation Process Lesson Plans
- Genetics: Principles of Heredity Lesson Plans
- Genetic Mutations for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- DNA Technology and Genomics Lesson Plans
- Bacterial Biology Lesson Plans
- The Origin of the Universe and Life on Earth Lesson Plans
- Geologic Time for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Evolution for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Phylogeny and the Classification of Organisms Lesson Plans
- Plant Biology for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Plant Reproduction and Growth for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Introduction to Fungi for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Invertebrates for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Vertebrates for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory, and Musculoskeletal Systems Lesson Plans
- The Nervous, Immune, and Endocrine Systems Lesson Plans
- Animal Reproduction and Development Lesson Plans
- Human Reproductive Systems Lesson Plans
- Ecology and the Environment Lesson Plans
- Human Effects on the Environment Lesson Plans
- Animal Behavior for High School Biology Lesson Plans
- Basic Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques Lesson Plans
- Analyzing Scientific Data for High School Biology Lesson Plans