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Ch 18: Introduction to Viruses Lesson Plans

About This Chapter

The Introduction to Viruses chapter of this course is designed to help you plan and teach what viruses are and how they function in your classroom. The video lessons, quizzes and transcripts can easily be adapted to provide your lesson plans with engaging and dynamic educational content. Make planning your course easier by using our syllabus as a guide.

Weekly Syllabus

Below is a sample breakdown of the Introduction to Viruses chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.

DayTopicsKey Terms and Concepts Covered
Monday Virus fundamentals
Virus shapes
The definition, structure and operation of a virus
Shapes of viruses, including helical, icosahedral, prolate, complex and enveloped
Tuesday Virus life cycle
Classification of viruses
Overview of how viruses replicate and attack, with terms including attachment, penetration and uncoating
Double- and single-stranded viruses, positive- and negative-sense viruses and reverse transcriptase
Wednesday DNA and RNA virus replicationWays that DNA viruses replicate within a host cell, DNA based genome, capsid and cytoplasm
How RNA viruses replicate, translation and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase
Thursday How viruses mutate
Bacteriophage lytic and lysogenic cycles
Antigenic drift, antigenic shift, reassortment and recombination
Definition of bacteriophages, their structure and infection cycle
Friday The flu, HIV and immune system evasionOverview of influenza viruses and HIV and how they sidestep and confuse the human immune system

8 Lessons in Chapter 18: Introduction to Viruses Lesson Plans
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Are Viruses? - Definition, Structure & Function

1. What Are Viruses? - Definition, Structure & Function

In this lesson, you'll learn some historical facts about viruses and the material they are composed of. Find out more as we review the capsid, nucleic acids, the viral envelope, viruses, virions, bacteriophages and virology.

Shapes of a Virus: Helical, Icosahedral, Prolate, Complex & Enveloped

2. Shapes of a Virus: Helical, Icosahedral, Prolate, Complex & Enveloped

Learn about the different shapes viruses can have, such as helical, icosahedral, prolate, complex and enveloped. Find out why one shape is particularly useful from an energetic standpoint.

The Life Cycle of a Virus: How Viruses Live, Attack & Replicate

3. The Life Cycle of a Virus: How Viruses Live, Attack & Replicate

Find out how viruses infect and replicate as we explore the important steps of the virus life cycle, including attachment, uncoating, penetration, replication, and release, as well as the lysogenic and lytic cycles.

Classification of Viruses: Viral Genome and Replication Scheme

4. Classification of Viruses: Viral Genome and Replication Scheme

Find out how viruses are classified based on their being double-stranded, single-stranded, positive-sense, negative-sense, or by having something called reverse transcriptase.

Replication of DNA Viruses

5. Replication of DNA Viruses

This lesson will give you a basic overview of how DNA viruses replicate inside of a host cell. We will cover the entry, integration, replication and release of DNA viruses.

Replication of RNA Viruses

6. Replication of RNA Viruses

This lesson will give you a basic overview of how different types of RNA viruses replicate inside of an animal cell. We will cover the essence of being double-stranded and retroviruses, as well as positive-and negative-sense RNA viruses.

How Viruses Mutate: Antigenic Drift and Antigenic Shift

7. How Viruses Mutate: Antigenic Drift and Antigenic Shift

This lesson will discuss the major ways by which viruses, notably the flu virus, mutates. We will talk about recombination, reassortment, antigenic drift, antigenic shift, and more!

Viruses: Bacteriophage Lytic and Lysogenic Cycles

8. Viruses: Bacteriophage Lytic and Lysogenic Cycles

Viruses are generally not only our enemy but also the enemy of many other organisms. Bacteriophages are viruses that infect specific bacteria. In this lesson, we'll discuss their basic structure and infection cycle.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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