About This Chapter
Islamic Civilizations in the Middle Ages - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Explore the Arabian Peninsula and the birth of Islam in this chapter, which introduces you to Mohammed, Muslim learning and merchants of Arab society. Our experienced instructors lead you through comparisons of Judaism, Christianity and Islam before moving on to discuss crucial Muslim scholars of the Middle Ages. After watching the video lessons in this chapter, you'll know about:
- Ways of life in the Arabian Peninsula
- Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith
- Progress of the Caliphates
- Literary and artistic accomplishments
- Influence of the Sunnah
|The Arabian Peninsula: Geography, Climate & Ways of Life||Examine the physical features of the Arabian Peninsula and its climate. Characterize the nomadic way of life common to this area in the Middle Ages.|
|Mohammed and the Birth of Islam||Summarize the life of Mohammed and events that led to the birth of Islam.|
|Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law||Discover the foundation of the Islamic faith and examine its rituals and laws.|
|People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam||Highlight common themes in the doctrines of Christianity, Islam and Judaism.|
|The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates||Learn more about the leaders of Islam after Mohammed's death. Describe Islam's spread into Europe, Africa, China and other countries.|
|Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments||Explore the Golden Age of Islam.|
|The Sunnah: Influence on Islamic Beliefs & Daily Life||Find out why the Sunnah's were considered the primary sources of Islamic beliefs, practices and laws. Detail their influence on Muslims' daily life.|
|Trade and Merchants in Arab Society||Assess the growth of cities and trade routes in Asia, Africa and Europe. Depict the role of merchants in Arab society and the inventions and products that were introduced to the trade routes.|
|Muslim Scholars in the Middle Ages||Examine the intellectual exchanges among Muslim scholars and their contributions to society.|
1. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam
Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.
2. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law
The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.
3. People of the Book: Comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam
The religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often seen as competing doctrines and faiths by observers and adherents. Yet, a summary investigation of their doctrines illustrates they have much in common. This lesson will examine these similarities in greater detail.
4. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates
After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.
5. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments
The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.
6. The Arabian Peninsula: Geography, Climate & Ways of Life
Far from being a gigantic desert, the Arabian Peninsula is full of different climates and opportunities for intrepid societies. That said, the challenges posed by the Arabian Peninsula are different than faced elsewhere throughout the world.
7. The Sunnah: Influence on Islamic Beliefs & Daily Life
The Sunnah is a collection of guidance rules for Muslims that helps them in almost every imaginable situation, from what to have to eat during holidays to how to pray. It is also very important in Islamic Law.
8. Trade & Merchants in Arab Society
Merchants in the Islamic world were able to do business in an area that stretched from Morocco to Indonesia. Learn how they became wealthy on goods from gold and silk to salt and pepper.
9. Muslim Scholars (750-1258 CE)
While Europe was in the midst of the Dark Ages, learning actually accelerated throughout the Islamic world. This lesson details how advances from Morocco to India to ancient Greece were adopted and improved upon by Islamic scholars.
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Other chapters within the World History: Middle School course
- Paleolithic Era to the Agricultural Revolution
- Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt & Kush
- The Ancient Hebrews
- Ancient Greek Civilization
- Early Civilization in India
- Early Civilization in China
- The Roman Republic
- The Roman Empire and Cultural Legacies
- The Byzantine Empire
- Middle & Late Imperial China
- Africa (500-1800 CE)
- Feudal Japan
- Medieval Europe
- Meso-American & Andean Civilizations
- Renaissance Europe
- The Reformation in Europe
- The Scientific Revolution
- The Enlightenment
- Europe and the Age of Exploration