About This Chapter
Issues in Contemporary Agriculture - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Farming has become increasingly mechanized and industrialized. New technologies and increased uses of chemical pesticides, fertilizers and the like are enabling farmers to grow crops on an enormous scale, but these innovations are not without some serious environmental and societal consequences. In this chapter, you will learn about many of these and what some of the potential consequences of industrialized agriculture may involve. You will learn about the following:
- Decline in availability and types of agricultural lands
- Impact of agri-business farming, and pros and cons of pesticide use
- Definition of sustainable agriculture
- Role and definition of genetic engineering
- Location and operation of food production facilities
- Women's role in food production and consumption
|Problems in Agriculture: Loss of Land and Decreased Varieties||Evaluate issues involved in industrial agriculture.|
|Land Degradation and Habitat Fragmentation: The Environmental Impacts of Industrialized Agriculture||Discuss potential environmental damage due to industrialized agriculture.|
|What Is Sustainable Agriculture? - Definition, Benefits and Issues||Examine sustainability as it relates to farming.|
|What is Genetic Engineering? - Definition, Benefits & Issues||Define and investigate genetic engineering.|
|Use of Pesticides: Benefits and Problems Associated with Pesticides||Weigh the advantages and risks of using pesticides in farming.|
|Food Production Facilities: Function & Location||Discover and assess factors affecting the location and functioning of food production facilities.|
|The Changing Role of Women in Food Consumption & Production||Analyze changes in how women have participated in food production and consumption.|
1. Problems in Agriculture: Loss of Land and Decreased Varieties
Although we all currently rely on industrial agriculture to produce the majority of the food we eat, this type of agriculture is facing problems that may threaten its future. In this lesson, we will explore these problems and how they influence the future of food production.
2. Land Degradation and Habitat Fragmentation: The Environmental Impacts of Industrialized Agriculture
Although we all need food to survive, the methods we use to produce that food can be problematic. In this lesson, we will explore how industrialized agriculture negatively impacts the environment and, as a result, makes the land less productive in producing crops and livestock.
3. What Is Sustainable Agriculture? - Definition, Benefits and Issues
The word 'sustainable' has become very popular these days and is used to describe many different things. In this lesson we will explore how sustainability is associated with agriculture and the benefits and issues of this type of farming.
4. What is Organic Farming? - Definition & Methods
In this article, we will define organic farming by taking a look at organic farming methods and the criteria needed for a product to become certified organic.
5. What is Genetic Engineering? - Definition, Benefits & Issues
When most people think of genetics, they think of their own genes, but genetics is also very important in agriculture. In this lesson, we will explore genetic engineering and how it relates to agriculture. We will also investigate the benefits and issues associated with genetic engineering.
6. Use of Pesticides: Benefits and Problems Associated with Pesticides
Pesticides are used worldwide to manage agricultural pests. They kill and repel unwanted pests, but also cause many human deaths each year. This lesson explores the widespread use of pesticides in agriculture and compares the benefits and problems associated with these helpful but dangerous chemicals.
7. Food Production Facilities: Function & Location
In this lesson, we'll learn about food production facilities. Explore some of their functions and examine several important factors that influence their location, like markets, economies of scale, transportation and government policies.
8. The Changing Role of Women in Food Consumption & Production
Food is a cornerstone of cultures, traditions, and human experiences around the world. So, it has power. In this lesson, we'll see how women's roles in food consumption and production are changing in the modern world.
9. Global Food Imbalance & Security
In this lesson we'll be learning about the problem of food imbalance in developed versus developing countries. We'll explain how food mountains are affecting this problem as well as food scarcity and distributional inequality.
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Other chapters within the AP Human Geography: Exam Prep course
- Introduction to Geography Concepts
- Geographic Maps, Tools and Technology
- Overview of Human-Environmental Interaction
- Population & Migration
- Population & Demographic Changes
- The Components of Culture
- Cultural Identity
- Cultural Geography
- Politics, Nations & Geography
- Land Survey Methods
- Agricultural Revolutions & Domestication
- Agricultural Geography
- Theories of Economic Development
- Industrialization & Economic Development
- The World Economy
- Cities & Urban Land Use
- AP Human Geography Flashcards