About This Chapter
Job Design in Organizations - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Job design is essential in communicating job tasks to current and potential employees. It can be used to recruit the right talent to organizations and motivate current employees. This chapter offers lessons that cover the approaches to job design, as well as the models and issues associated with this subject. Instructors guide these lessons, paying special attention to terminology and techniques. Find multiple-choice quizzes throughout the chapter that can help test your comprehension. This chapter will address the following:
- Purpose of and approaches to job design
- How job design can be used to empower and motivate employees
- Job characteristics model and job redesign types
- Issues related to job design
- Build-A-Bear's mentoring program
|Job Design: Definition and Purpose||Compare the four approaches used to create a job design.|
|Behavioral Approaches to Job Design||Evaluate the behavioral approach to job design.|
|An Interdisciplinary Approach to Job Design||Assess the interdisciplinary approach to job design.|
|Empowerment and Job Design||Break down how employees might be empowered by job redesign, teams and quality work circles.|
|Hackman & Oldham's Job Characteristics Model||Analyze Hackman and Oldham's model of job characteristics.|
|Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation||Survey how to motivate employees with job rotation, enrichment and enlargement.|
|Contemporary Issues in Job Design||Distinguish which practices are best for handling contemporary issues in job design.|
|Business Case Study: Build-A-Bear's Mentoring Program||Critique Build-A-Bear's mentoring program as case study.|
1. Job Design: Definition and Purpose
A correctly defined job design will attract the right applicants and decrease job turnover by helping everyone understand their responsibilities up front. This lesson explores four approaches that companies can use to create a job design and communicate job tasks to current and potential employees.
2. Behavioral Approaches to Job Design
Behavioral approaches to job design can help improve employee motivation and productivity. In this type of philosophy, factors, such as autonomy, variety, task identification/significance and feedback, are analyzed and improvements are made for employees.
3. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Job Design
An interdisciplinary approach to job design provides a manager with different alternatives based on different disciplines. The four approaches or disciplines are mechanistic, motivational (also known as industrial psychology), biological and perceptual-motor.
4. Empowerment and Job Design
Empowerment in job design can improve employee job motivation by increasing autonomy and task accomplishment at work. The three ways to create empowerment are to offer job redesign, quality work circles and teams.
5. Hackman & Oldham's Job Characteristics Model
Hackman & Oldman's job characteristics model is one of the only approaches to job design that focuses on person-fit theory. The individual's personality, behaviors and task accomplishments are all taken under consideration to describe the perfect fit for the job.
6. Types of Job Redesign: Job Enrichment, Enlargement & Rotation
Managers must be aware of ways to increase employee motivation. This lesson describes the various ways to redesign a job to encourage employees, including job enrichment, job enlargement and job rotation.
7. Contemporary Issues in Job Design
Many issues affect the way we do our jobs. In this lesson we will look at those issues known as contemporary issues. Specifically, we will explain how many of today's issues affect the way a job is designed and eventually completed.
8. Business Case Study: Build-A-Bear's Mentoring Program
Build-A-Bear Workshop (BBW) is a global company that has been named one of the 50 best places to work. One of the reasons for the high ranking is BBW's mentoring program. This lesson looks at the program established by BBW's founder Maxine Clark.
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Other chapters within the Business 307: Leadership & Organizational Behavior course
- Overview of Organizational Behavior
- Leadership in Organizations
- Management Process & Strategy
- Diversity & Social Issues in Leadership
- Personality in Organizations
- Attitudes & Values in Organizations
- Perception & Attribution in Organizations
- Employee Morale & Motivation
- Motivation Theory
- Types of Workplace Communication
- Work Teams & Group Behavior
- Team Decision Making
- Conflict in Organizations
- Organizational Structure & Design
- Organizational & Company Culture
- Business Ethics & Issues
- Change in Organizations
- Globalization & Organizational Behavior
- Required Assignments for Business 307
- Studying for Business 307