About This Chapter
Jurisdiction & Evidence Within the U.S. Legal System - Chapter Summary
Read through this chapter to learn about important components of jurisdiction & evidence in the U.S. legal system. You'll study different types of evidence like direct, real, forensic, and circumstantial. The chapter is built from short and engaging lessons that you can view on your computer or mobile device. When you're finished with them, you'll be able to
- Compare types of jurisdiction
- Differentiate between direct, real, forensic, circumstantial and inadmissible evidence
1. Overview of Jurisdiction: Types & Application
A court's authority is connected to its jurisdiction. In this lesson, we will learn the definition of jurisdiction, the different types and examples of how each type of jurisdiction works.
2. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction
Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.
3. Direct Evidence: Definition, Law & Examples
In the criminal law context, direct evidence refers to direct proof of a fact. This lesson discusses the basic definition of direct evidence, as well as the laws governing this type of evidence and some examples of how the evidence is used.
4. Real Evidence in Law: Definition & Types
Real evidence describes any physical object that has a direct connection to a crime or civil action. This lesson will introduce you to some examples of real evidence and explain how real evidence is used in trials.
5. Forensic Evidence: Types, Definition & Cases
The term 'forensic' actually means relating to law and science. In this lesson, we'll review different types of forensic evidence. We'll also look at real world cases where forensic evidence was used to solve crimes.
6. Physical Evidence: Definition, Types & Law
Evidence at a crime scene that is tangible is considered physical evidence. This lesson discusses physical evidence, the varieties of evidence, and how it pertains to the law.
7. Impression & Pattern Evidence: Definition & Process
Impression evidence is crime scene evidence in the form of prints left on or in a surface by an object like a shoe or tire, and pattern evidence is when that impression forms a pattern. Learn about this type of evidence, its collection, and its analysis.
8. Testimonial Evidence & Law: Definition & Examples
What are the rules governing what types of information witnesses can testify about? What restrictions are there on what witnesses can say during a trial? This lesson covers the basics of testimonial evidence.
9. Circumstantial Evidence: Definition, Types & Examples
For years, civil and criminal cases have been won or lost based on circumstantial evidence. Learn more about the definition of this term and common types of circumstantial evidence, looking at specific examples.
10. Inadmissible Evidence: Definition & Law
What evidence can be used in court of law? This lesson explains what evidence is inadmissible and reasons why certain types of evidence cannot be used in court.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 307: Advanced Criminal Law course
- Introduction to Advanced Criminal Law
- Overview of the U.S. Legal System
- The Bill of Rights & Constitutional Protections
- Elements of a Crime
- Types of Criminal Defenses
- Parties to Crime & Inchoate Offenses
- Criminal Homicide & Murder
- Sexual Offenses
- Crimes Involving Force & Fear
- Crimes Against Property
- Crimes Against the Public
- Crimes Against the Government