Ch 3: Jurisdiction & Evidence Within the U.S. Legal System

About This Chapter

This chapter has video lessons on jurisdiction and evidence in the U.S. legal system. Each lesson has a short 5 question quiz that you can use to test your mastery on what you've learned.

Jurisdiction & Evidence Within the U.S. Legal System - Chapter Summary

Read through this chapter to learn about important components of jurisdiction & evidence in the U.S. legal system. You'll study different types of evidence like direct, real, forensic, and circumstantial. The chapter is built from short and engaging lessons that you can view on your computer or mobile device. When you're finished with them, you'll be able to

  • Compare types of jurisdiction
  • Differentiate between direct, real, forensic, circumstantial and inadmissible evidence

10 Lessons in Chapter 3: Jurisdiction & Evidence Within the U.S. Legal System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Overview of Jurisdiction: Types & Application

1. Overview of Jurisdiction: Types & Application

A court's authority is connected to its jurisdiction. In this lesson, we will learn the definition of jurisdiction, the different types and examples of how each type of jurisdiction works.

Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

2. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.

Direct Evidence: Definition, Law & Examples

3. Direct Evidence: Definition, Law & Examples

In the criminal law context, direct evidence refers to direct proof of a fact. This lesson discusses the basic definition of direct evidence, as well as the laws governing this type of evidence and some examples of how the evidence is used.

Real Evidence in Law: Definition & Types

4. Real Evidence in Law: Definition & Types

Real evidence describes any physical object that has a direct connection to a crime or civil action. This lesson will introduce you to some examples of real evidence and explain how real evidence is used in trials.

Forensic Evidence: Types, Definition & Cases

5. Forensic Evidence: Types, Definition & Cases

The term 'forensic' actually means relating to law and science. In this lesson, we'll review different types of forensic evidence. We'll also look at real world cases where forensic evidence was used to solve crimes.

Physical Evidence: Definition, Types & Law

6. Physical Evidence: Definition, Types & Law

Evidence at a crime scene that is tangible is considered physical evidence. This lesson discusses physical evidence, the varieties of evidence, and how it pertains to the law.

Impression & Pattern Evidence: Definition & Process

7. Impression & Pattern Evidence: Definition & Process

Impression evidence is crime scene evidence in the form of prints left on or in a surface by an object like a shoe or tire, and pattern evidence is when that impression forms a pattern. Learn about this type of evidence, its collection, and its analysis.

Testimonial Evidence & Law: Definition & Examples

8. Testimonial Evidence & Law: Definition & Examples

What are the rules governing what types of information witnesses can testify about? What restrictions are there on what witnesses can say during a trial? This lesson covers the basics of testimonial evidence.

Circumstantial Evidence: Definition, Types & Examples

9. Circumstantial Evidence: Definition, Types & Examples

For years, civil and criminal cases have been won or lost based on circumstantial evidence. Learn more about the definition of this term and common types of circumstantial evidence, looking at specific examples.

Inadmissible Evidence: Definition & Law

10. Inadmissible Evidence: Definition & Law

What evidence can be used in court of law? This lesson explains what evidence is inadmissible and reasons why certain types of evidence cannot be used in court.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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