About This Chapter
Juvenile Justice System Overview - Chapter Summary
Get a high-level overview of the juvenile justice system with this comprehensive online study resource. The chapter's video and text-based lessons show you how the juvenile justice system is organized, and our expert instructors clearly explain the system's history, laws, doctrines and court processes. Work through the chapter at your own pace, and be sure to take the accompanying self-assessment quizzes to check your understanding of the material. The chapter concludes with a multiple-choice practice exam. If you have any questions, simply submit them to our instructors online. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Summarize the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system
- Identify the goals of the child-saving movement
- Explain major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that affected the juvenile justice system
- Compare juvenile and adult justice systems
- Recognize the legal rights of juveniles
- Outline the parens patriae doctrine
- Evaluate status offense laws
- Describe the structure of the juvenile court system
- Assess juvenile courtroom and sentencing processes
- Analyze the advantages/disadvantages of plea bargains and juvenile waivers
1. History & Evolution of the Juvenile Justice System
The juvenile justice system has experienced drastic changes since its first establishment in the 19th century. Understand the history of the juvenile justice system and the evolution it went through over the years.
2. The Child-Saving Movement: History, Goals & Outcomes
The child-saving movement aimed to fight child abuse and child labor to ensure a better future for children. Learn about and understand the history, origins, and goals of this movement, as well as some of the outcomes it produced.
3. Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Impacting the Juvenile Justice System
The juvenile justice system has been impacted by many different major US Supreme Court decisions. In this lesson, investigate the juvenile justice system and decisions that affect pre-trial rights, trial, and sentencing.
4. Comparison of the Juvenile & Adult Systems of Justice
There are distinctions between judicial processes involving adults, and those applied to juveniles. Compare these two processes learning the differences and similarities of rights, and potential outcomes.
5. The Legal Rights of Juveniles
In the United States, juveniles are granted specific legal rights which are distinct from those of adults. Analyze the background of these distinctions and identify the types of rights which juveniles are granted during trials and appeals.
6. Parens Patriae in Juvenile Justice: Definition & Doctrine
Parens patriae is the principle that allows the government to become the guardian of individuals who cannot take care of themselves. Learn more about the definition of parens patriae in juvenile justice, explore its role as a doctrine, and review an example to understand who needs guardianship and the government's role in this process.
7. Status Offense: Definition & Law
A status offense is an action that adults are allowed to do but a minor could get in trouble for, such as possession of alcohol. Explore the status offense definition and law and discover differences in status offense laws.
8. The Juvenile Court System: History & Structure
The juvenile court system oversees court cases that involve individuals under the age of 18 years old. Learn more about the history and structure of the establishment and the various elements of its functions.
9. The Juvenile Courtroom: Process, Roles & Confidentiality Rules
The juvenile justice system, which applies to those age 18 and under, is vastly different from the adult criminal justice system. This lesson is about the juvenile justice system and how it works, along with special confidentiality considerations.
10. Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons
Plea bargains are deals offered by prosecutors to defendants who agree to plead guilty to a crime in return for a reduced prison sentence. Learn the definition of a plea bargain, the process for obtaining one, and explore the pros and cons of the agreements.
11. Juvenile Dispositions: Sentencing Process & Structures
The juvenile court system exists to rehabilitate offenders, and the disposition of the defendant often influences the judge's discretion. Read how the sentencing process, its structure, risk, recidivism, and exclusion all need to be considered in rendering juvenile justice.
12. Juvenile Waivers: Pros & Cons
In this lesson, you will learn several of the pros and cons of transferring juveniles to adult court. You will learn about several means of transfer, or waiver, and how the treatment of juveniles can have a positive or negative effect.
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Other chapters within the UExcel Juvenile Delinquency: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Nature & Extent of Delinquency
- Individual Theories of Delinquency
- Sociological Theories of Delinquency
- Developmental Theories of Delinquency
- Gender & Family Influences on Delinquency
- Child Abuse, Neglect & Delinquency
- Peer & Media Influences on Delinquency
- School Influences on Delinquency
- Drug Use Among Juveniles
- Juvenile Policing
- Juvenile Corrections Overview
- UExcel Juvenile Delinquency Flashcards