About This Chapter
Juvenile Justice System Overview - Chapter Summary
Get a high-level overview of the juvenile justice system with this comprehensive online study resource. The chapter's video and text-based lessons show you how the juvenile justice system is organized, and our expert instructors clearly explain the system's history, laws, doctrines and court processes. Work through the chapter at your own pace, and be sure to take the accompanying self-assessment quizzes to check your understanding of the material. The chapter concludes with a multiple-choice practice exam. If you have any questions, simply submit them to our instructors online. Upon completion of the chapter, you should be able to:
- Summarize the history and evolution of the juvenile justice system
- Identify the goals of the child-saving movement
- Explain major U.S. Supreme Court decisions that affected the juvenile justice system
- Compare juvenile and adult justice systems
- Recognize the legal rights of juveniles
- Outline the parens patriae doctrine
- Evaluate status offense laws
- Describe the structure of the juvenile court system
- Assess juvenile courtroom and sentencing processes
- Analyze the advantages/disadvantages of plea bargains and juvenile waivers
1. History & Evolution of the Juvenile Justice System
In this lesson, we will learn about the history of the juvenile justice system. We will look at the evolution of the system and what contributed to its development.
2. The Child-Saving Movement: History, Goals & Outcomes
At a time when children were treated as adults, the child-saving movement was the voice many children so desperately needed. Child-savers made strides in child labor laws, fighting child abuse, and the development of a juvenile justice system through their activism.
3. Major U.S. Supreme Court Decisions Impacting the Juvenile Justice System
In this lesson, we will learn about the major US Supreme Court decisions that have impacted the juvenile justice system. We will uncover what those decisions are, what they entailed, and what part of the process they impact.
4. Comparison of the Juvenile & Adult Systems of Justice
In this lesson, we will learn about the similarities and differences between the juvenile and adult systems of justice. We will look at the different steps of the justice process and where the differences lie between the two.
5. The Legal Rights of Juveniles
In this lesson, we will learn about the legal rights of juveniles in the United States. We will look at the rights awarded to juveniles and how they are applied in society today.
6. Parens Patriae in Juvenile Justice: Definition & Doctrine
Learn what constitutes the doctrine of 'parens patriae' in juvenile justice. In addition, review the definition of the doctrine, as well as an example. Test your understanding with a short quiz when you are through.
7. Status Offense: Definition & Law
Juvenile courts have been developed in every state in order to address the needs of youth. Juvenile offenders are charged with a law offense or status offense. This lesson defines status offenses and discusses the law governing these uniquely juvenile offenses.
8. The Juvenile Court System: History & Structure
In this lesson, we will learn about the history of the juvenile court system. We will look at what the background of the system is, the components and how it works today.
9. The Juvenile Courtroom: Process, Roles & Confidentiality Rules
The juvenile justice system, which applies to those age 18 and under, is vastly different from the adult criminal justice system. This lesson is about the juvenile justice system and how it works, along with special confidentiality considerations.
10. Plea Bargain: Definition, Process, Pros & Cons
After you complete this lesson, you should understand what constitutes a plea bargain. You can also learn the process of plea bargaining, as well as the pros and cons of a plea bargain.
11. Juvenile Dispositions: Sentencing Process & Structures
In this lesson, you will learn the various forms of juvenile sentencing, the effects, and desired outcomes. You will understand the process related to sentencing a juvenile who has committed a crime and structures in place for dealing with youthful offenders.
12. Juvenile Waivers: Pros & Cons
In this lesson, you will learn several of the pros and cons of transferring juveniles to adult court. You will learn about several means of transfer, or waiver, and how the treatment of juveniles can have a positive or negative effect.
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Other chapters within the UExcel Juvenile Delinquency: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Nature & Extent of Delinquency
- Individual Theories of Delinquency
- Sociological Theories of Delinquency
- Developmental Theories of Delinquency
- Gender & Family Influences on Delinquency
- Child Abuse, Neglect & Delinquency
- Peer & Media Influences on Delinquency
- School Influences on Delinquency
- Drug Use Among Juveniles
- Juvenile Policing
- Juvenile Corrections Overview
- UExcel Juvenile Delinquency Flashcards