About This Chapter
The Kennedy Years - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Between the years 1961 and 1963, U.S. involvement in the Southeast Asian conflict underwent a dramatic change. In this chapter, you'll learn how, under advisement, President Kennedy approved the use of counterinsurgency measures in South Vietnam. Key initiatives included the Military Assistance Command - Vietnam (MAC-V), which operated under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Defense. In cooperation with the South Vietnamese government, U.S. advisors also developed protected hamlets that were designed to prevent rural peasants from falling under the influence of the Communists.
This series of video lessons will also provide you the opportunity to revisit the tumultuous events of 1963. These include a civil conflict that occurred between Buddhist monks and the South Vietnamese government, and that culminated in an army-led coup and the assassination of President Diem. When you've finished watching the videos, you should have an understanding of how the following events and programs affected the war in Vietnam:
- The MAC-V program, including its purpose and implementation
- The Strategic Hamlet Program, including its implementation and failure
- The Buddhist Crisis of 1963
- The assassination of President John Kennedy
|President Kennedy's Advisors: Shaping Policy during the Vietnam War||Identify President Kennedy's closest advisors, and describe their impact on foreign policy during the early years of the Vietnamese conflict.|
|Enlarging American Involvement in Vietnam under Kennedy||Analyze the strategic policy changes that led to a larger American effort in Vietnam. Include the following in your discussion: Kennedy's adoption of counterinsurgency methods, the creation of MAC-V, the use of the helicopter in combat and the Strategic Hamlet Program.|
|Vietnam Turning Points: The Buddhist Crisis, Kennedy Assassination and More||Examine the pivotal events of 1963, including the Buddhist Crisis and the assassinations of Ngo Dinh Diem, President of the Republic of Vietnam, and President Kennedy in the United States.|
1. John F. Kennedy and the Vietnam War: Learning Objectives & Activities
This chapter will explain some of the measures President John F. Kennedy took to address the situation in Vietnam. After watching the lessons, use key questions and related learning activities to put what you've learned to use.
2. President Kennedy's Advisors: Shaping Policy During the Vietnam War
President John F. Kennedy sought to establish a prolific foreign policy team consisting of the nation's most acclaimed individuals. Learn about these advisors and their impact on shaping policy in the Vietnam War.
3. Enlarging American Involvement in Vietnam Under Kennedy
Between 1961 and 1962, President John F. Kennedy sought to establish an American presence in Southeast Asia. Learn about Kennedy's strategy, which included an increase of American advisors and resources in Vietnam, in this lesson.
4. Vietnam Turning Points: The Buddhist Crisis, Kennedy Assassination & More
The year 1963 represented an important turning point for the United States in the Vietnam War. Learn about events such as the Battle of Ap Bac, the Buddhist Crisis and the assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem in this video lesson.
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Other chapters within the History 108: History of the Vietnam War course