About This Chapter
Labor Relations - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
It's no surprise that management and the folks that work under it sometimes have opposing views. In this chapter, you will be introduced to some organizations that were established on behalf of the worker as well as laws created to protect the working man/woman. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- The history of labor relations
- Negotiation strategies
- The purpose of unions
- The impact of unions
- Labor relations terminology
- Labor relations laws
|NLRB: History and Purpose||Look at the history and primary objectives of the National Labor Relations Board.|
|AFL-CIO: History||Learn about The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations.|
|Function of Collective Bargaining||Understand how employers and employees come to agreements through negotiation.|
|Union Membership: Who and why||Explore the function of unions, and see how joining one can change an employee's relationship with an organization.|
|Closed vs. Open Shops||Learn the differences between closed and open shops in labor relations.|
|Unionizing Process: Certification, Decertification||Look at the processes of certifying and de-certifying unions.|
|Bargaining Strategies: Integrative, Distributive||Understand the concepts of integrative and distributive bargaining strategies.|
|Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts, etc.||Learn what happens when professional negotiations fail.|
|Executive Order 10988 (1962) and CSRA (1978)||Overview and discuss Executive Order 10988 (1962) and CSRA (1978).|
|Trends in Labor Relations||Identify trends in labor relations such as union membership.|
1. National Labor Relations Board: History and Purpose
Unions can play an important role in the employer-employee relationship. In this lesson, you'll learn about the National Labor Relations Board and how it makes sure both sides play by the rules. A short quiz follows.
2. American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO): Status & Trends in Membership
While union membership is in relative decline, unions still represent a powerful force in American labor and politics. This is especially true of the AFL-CIO. In this lesson, you'll learn about the AFL-CIO, its history and current status.
3. Function of Collective Bargaining
The function of collective bargaining is to negotiate work-related issues. Bargaining or negotiating takes place between the employer and the employees. The employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit.
4. Importance of the Collective Bargaining Process
One of the primary advantages of unionization for workers is the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about collective bargaining and why it is important in labor-management relationship. A short quiz follows.
5. Roles and Duties of Union Members and Leadership
Union membership can offer some important benefits to workers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the purposes of a union, the roles members may play in a union and the effects of union representation in an organization.
6. Closed vs. Open Shops in Labor Relations & Impacts on Human Resource Management
Union membership is sometimes required for employment at a company, but it may also not be required. In this lesson, you'll learn about open shops, union shops and closed shops, including what they mean to a company's HR department.
7. Unionizing Process: Certification, Decertification
Union representation requires certification and ending union representation requires decertification. In this lesson, you'll learn about the processes involved in certification and decertification. A short quiz follows.
8. Employer Restrictions and Rights in Unionizing Process & Collective Bargaining
Employees and employers have rights during unionization attempts and during the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about the rights of employers, as well as the restrictions to which they are subject, during these processes.
9. Bargaining Strategies in Labor Relations: Integrative & Distributive
One of the great advantages that unionized workers have is the ability to collectively bargain as a group with management. In this lesson, you'll learn about integrative and distributive bargaining strategies. A short quiz follows.
10. Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts & Other Consequences
If negotiations between management and a union are not succeeding, either party may turn to more drastic measures to pressure concessions. In this lesson, you'll learn about strikes, lockouts, picketing and boycotts.
11. Executive Order 10988 of 1962 and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978
Public sector employees are subject to some different labor relation laws. In this lesson, you'll learn about Executive Order 10988, Executive Order 11491, and the Civil Reform Act of 1978. A short quiz follows.
12. Trends in Labor Relations: Membership & Industry
Unions represent employees in their relationships with their employers. In this lesson, we'll take a look at current trends in union membership from across economic sectors, industries and demographics. A short quiz follows.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Business 106: Human Resource Management course
- Overview of HRM Field
- Organizational Theories & Human Resources
- Job Analysis and Design
- Staffing in Organizations
- Training and Development in Organizations
- Performance Appraisals
- Employee Compensation Issues
- Employment Law & Employee Rights
- International Human Resource Management
- Current Issues and Trends in HRM
- Studying for Business 106