Ch 9: Labor Relations

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn about the role of labor relations in the workforce. Take self-assessment quizzes to make sure you understand the subject matter.

Labor Relations - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

It's no surprise that management and the folks that work under it sometimes have opposing views. In this chapter, you will be introduced to some organizations that were established on behalf of the worker as well as laws created to protect the working man/woman. This chapter can help you understand the following:

  • The history of labor relations
  • Negotiation strategies
  • The purpose of unions
  • The impact of unions
  • Labor relations terminology
  • Labor relations laws

Video Objective
NLRB: History and Purpose Look at the history and primary objectives of the National Labor Relations Board.
AFL-CIO: History Learn about The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations.
Function of Collective Bargaining Understand how employers and employees come to agreements through negotiation.
Union Membership: Who and why Explore the function of unions, and see how joining one can change an employee's relationship with an organization.
Closed vs. Open Shops Learn the differences between closed and open shops in labor relations.
Unionizing Process: Certification, Decertification Look at the processes of certifying and de-certifying unions.
Bargaining Strategies: Integrative, Distributive Understand the concepts of integrative and distributive bargaining strategies.
Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts, etc. Learn what happens when professional negotiations fail.
Executive Order 10988 (1962) and CSRA (1978) Overview and discuss Executive Order 10988 (1962) and CSRA (1978).
Trends in Labor Relations Identify trends in labor relations such as union membership.

12 Lessons in Chapter 9: Labor Relations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
National Labor Relations Board: History and Purpose

1. National Labor Relations Board: History and Purpose

Unions can play an important role in the employer-employee relationship. In this lesson, you'll learn about the National Labor Relations Board and how it makes sure both sides play by the rules. A short quiz follows.

American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO): Status & Trends in Membership

2. American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO): Status & Trends in Membership

While union membership is in relative decline, unions still represent a powerful force in American labor and politics. This is especially true of the AFL-CIO. In this lesson, you'll learn about the AFL-CIO, its history and current status.

Function of Collective Bargaining

3. Function of Collective Bargaining

The function of collective bargaining is to negotiate work-related issues. Bargaining or negotiating takes place between the employer and the employees. The employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit.

Importance of the Collective Bargaining Process

4. Importance of the Collective Bargaining Process

One of the primary advantages of unionization for workers is the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about collective bargaining and why it is important in labor-management relationship. A short quiz follows.

Roles and Duties of Union Members and Leadership

5. Roles and Duties of Union Members and Leadership

Union membership can offer some important benefits to workers. In this lesson, we'll discuss the purposes of a union, the roles members may play in a union and the effects of union representation in an organization.

Closed vs. Open Shops in Labor Relations & Impacts on Human Resource Management

6. Closed vs. Open Shops in Labor Relations & Impacts on Human Resource Management

Union membership is sometimes required for employment at a company, but it may also not be required. In this lesson, you'll learn about open shops, union shops and closed shops, including what they mean to a company's HR department.

Unionizing Process: Certification, Decertification

7. Unionizing Process: Certification, Decertification

Union representation requires certification and ending union representation requires decertification. In this lesson, you'll learn about the processes involved in certification and decertification. A short quiz follows.

Employer Restrictions and Rights in Unionizing Process & Collective Bargaining

8. Employer Restrictions and Rights in Unionizing Process & Collective Bargaining

Employees and employers have rights during unionization attempts and during the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about the rights of employers, as well as the restrictions to which they are subject, during these processes.

Bargaining Strategies in Labor Relations: Integrative & Distributive

9. Bargaining Strategies in Labor Relations: Integrative & Distributive

One of the great advantages that unionized workers have is the ability to collectively bargain as a group with management. In this lesson, you'll learn about integrative and distributive bargaining strategies. A short quiz follows.

Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts & Other Consequences

10. Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts & Other Consequences

If negotiations between management and a union are not succeeding, either party may turn to more drastic measures to pressure concessions. In this lesson, you'll learn about strikes, lockouts, picketing and boycotts.

Executive Order 10988 of 1962 and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978

11. Executive Order 10988 of 1962 and the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978

Public sector employees are subject to some different labor relation laws. In this lesson, you'll learn about Executive Order 10988, Executive Order 11491, and the Civil Reform Act of 1978. A short quiz follows.

Trends in Labor Relations: Membership & Industry

12. Trends in Labor Relations: Membership & Industry

Unions represent employees in their relationships with their employers. In this lesson, we'll take a look at current trends in union membership from across economic sectors, industries and demographics. A short quiz follows.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support