About This Chapter
Landmark American Supreme Court Cases - Chapter Summary
Although not quite as prominent in our national consciousness as the other two branches of government, the judicial branch has been extremely influential on American history and jurisprudence. You can read or watch the text and video lessons included in this chapter to learn about some of the most significant landmark Supreme Court cases from American history.
Our lesson instructors will go over the historical backgrounds on each of these cases, as well as the legal issues and principles involved. You will then learn about the lasting effects that each of these cases had on American history, our government, or the ways in which our laws are enforced. Go through this chapter to learn about cases such as:
- Plessy v. Ferguson
- Brown v. Board of Education
- Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District
- Mapp v. Ohio
- Gideon v. Wainwright
- Baker v. Carr
- Bush v. Gore
- Miranda v. Arizona
Once you complete a specific lesson, you can test your understanding of that particular case by answering the questions found in that lesson's practice quiz. The final chapter exam will also allow you to go over the most important points of the overall subject. Additionally, you can get more information on these topics by messaging the lesson instructors directly.
1. Plessy v. Ferguson: Impact & Summary
This lesson explains the impact of Plessy v. Ferguson, an important Supreme Court decision made in 1896. The Court ruled on the concept of 'separate but equal' and set back civil rights in the United States for decades to come.
2. Brown v. Board of Education Case: Summary & Significance
The 1954 Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education led to the integration of public schools in America. In this lesson, you'll learn about the historical background to the case and why it was so significant, after which you'll test your own knowledge of Brown v. Board of Education with a brief quiz.
3. Mapp v. Ohio in 1961: Summary, Decision & Significance
Dollree Mapp was convicted in 1957 of possession of pornography. But the Supreme Court overturned her conviction because the police obtained evidence illegally. Mapp v. Ohio used the Fourteenth Amendment to apply the Bill of Rights to state laws as well as federal laws.
4. Gideon v. Wainwright 1963: Summary, Facts & Decision
Clarence Gideon was a poor man who could not afford an attorney. In his trial, he was not provided one. He appealed to the Supreme Court, who ruled that if a person cannot afford a lawyer, the state must provide him with one.
5. Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District: Impact on Free Speech in Schools
How much control do schools have over what students say and do? This lesson examines the First Amendment limits in education, and the court case (Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District) that changed those limits.
6. Miranda v. Arizona: Summary, Facts & Significance
In the famous case Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that suspects can only be interrogated after the police read them their legal rights. Read on to learn more about the details and legal legacy of Miranda v. Arizona.
7. Supreme Court Case Roe v. Wade: Summary, Decision & Impact on Abortion
''Roe v. Wade, 1973'' was the landmark Supreme Court decision in regard to legalized abortion. Learn about the case, the decision and its impact on the United States.
8. Baker v. Carr: Summary, Decision & Significance
In this lesson, you'll learn about the court case of Baker v. Carr, which concerned the issue of how states elect representatives and whether the courts have any say. We'll discuss the outcome of the case and its significance to American law.
9. Bush v. Gore Case Brief: Summary and Decision
On December 11, 2000, the Supreme Court case of Bush v. Gore officially began to examine the application of the 14th amendment to voting laws. Its decision would effectively determine who the 43rd President of the United States would be.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Government/Political Science (5931): Practice & Study Guide course
- U.S. Constitutional Foundations
- American Constitutional Principles
- U.S. Executive Branch Overview
- U.S. Legislative Branch Overview
- U.S. Judicial Branch Overview
- State & Local Governments
- Civil Rights & Liberties
- U.S. Political Parties & Elections
- Political Participation in the U.S.
- Comparative Politics & International Relations
- Praxis Government/Political Science Flashcards