About This Chapter
Language Development & Emergent Literacy - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter offer an overview of how infants and children develop language skills. Our instructors will help you refresh your understanding of pre-linguistic and symbolic language and the nativist perspective of language development. Other lessons look at factors impacting acquisition of spoken language.
You'll learn about ways to encourage listening skills and examine strategies for helping students develop phonological and phonemic awareness as they learn to read. By the time you've completed these lessons, you should know more about topics including:
- Language development in infants, toddlers and children
- Stages of language development
- How environment and culture influence language development
- Ways to promote literacy by incorporating current language skills
- Listening for the main point, tone and attitude
- Techniques for active listening
- Stages of phonological development in children
- Ways to teach letter-sound and print correspondence
Our video and text lessons average about five minutes in length, and you can watch them anytime, via computer, smartphone or tablet. Our instructors use lots of real-world examples to get their points across; ask them your questions through a message board. After every lesson, a short quiz lets you assess your learning, and there is a longer exam at the end of the chapter.
1. Language Learning in Infants and Toddlers
Language development is a long process, and there are many types of speech that babies take part in. This lesson explores language development and some key types of speech, including child-directed speech, syncretic speech, and telegraphic speech.
2. Linguistics: Language Development in Children
How does a baby's babble turn into intelligible speech? Are there underlining innate traits that drive language development in children? Or is it the social interaction with others that encourages language development? This lesson will explore these questions and discuss how aspects of language change over time.
3. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
4. The Nativist Perspective and Language Development
In this lesson, learn how we develop language according to the nativist perspective. Discover Noam Chomsky's idea of the language acquisition device (LAD) and its role in this process.
5. The Effects of Environment and Culture on Language Development
Both environmental and cultural factors have an impact on early language development. This lesson will provide examples to consider and discuss possible reasons for this impact.
6. The Relationship Between Speaking & Reading
Oral language plays an important role in the development of literacy skills. In this lesson, we will discuss the relationship between speaking, listening and reading development in children. We will also discuss oral language activities which strengthen literacy skills.
7. Building on Students' Current Language Skills
Smart teachers understand they can improve a student's literacy by building on their current language skills. This lesson explains why this matters and offers ways to promote student language and literacy development.
8. Listening for Tone & Attitude
When you're learning English, listening for a speaker's tone or attitude can be even harder than listening for meaning - here are some tips for how to make it work.
9. Listening for the Main Point
In this lesson, you'll get some tips on listening to a passage of spoken English for the main point. Don't get bogged down in the details; focus on what's really important!
10. What Is Active Listening? - Techniques, Definition & Examples
Have you ever felt that you had been heard but not understood? If so, chances are that the person you were talking with was not actively listening.This lesson defines active listening and provides specific techniques that can be used.
11. Phonological Development in Children: Stages & Overview
In this lesson you'll learn all about how children develop the ability to turn basic units of sound into actual language. We'll cover the major phonological skills and the stages of development. Following the lesson is a short quiz.
12. Phoneme: Definition, Segmentation & Examples
Phonemes are tiny units of sound in speech. When phonemes are combined, they can make up words. In this lesson, we will discuss what phonemes are, how to segment them in words and why they are important.
13. Teaching Strategies for Phonological & Phonemic Skills
In this lesson, you'll gain an understanding of teaching strategies for helping students improve phonological skills. You'll also learn activities related to phonemic skills, and take a quiz to check your knowledge.
14. Teaching Print & Letter-Sound Correspondence
In this lesson, you will learn the basics of print concepts and letter-sound correspondence, which a student needs to understand to make sense of books and text.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Elementary Education (018/019): Practice & Study Guide course
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- Reading Comprehension & Vocabulary Skills
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- Structure & Literary Devices in Prose
- Informational, Expository & Technical Texts
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- Reference Materials & Proofreading in Writing
- Conventions of Standard American English
- Processes & Conventions of Verbal Communication
- Effective Writing & Speaking
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- Forms & Characteristics of Government
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- Principles of U.S. Citizenship
- Functions of Economic Systems & Free Markets
- Characteristics of Ancient Civilizations
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- Major U.S. & World Conflicts
- Modern World History
- Historical Analysis of Fact vs. Opinion
- Geography, Physical Sciences & Cultural Anthropology
- Reading & Understanding Maps
- Social Science Research & Experimentation
- Scientific Method, Inquiry & Data Analysis
- Life & Zoological Sciences
- Plants, Biomes & Genetics
- Physical, Earth & Space Sciences
- Components of the Solar System & Universe
- Weather, Climate & Geologic Systems
- Numeration, Number Sense, & Mathematical Operations
- Mixed Numbers & Fractions
- Arithmetic & Estimation Using Decimals
- Rounding & Estimating Numbers
- Place Values, Ordering Fractions & Decimals
- Prime Numbers, Composite Numbers & Divisibility Rules
- The Least Common Multiple & Greatest Common Factor
- Ratios, Proportion, Exponents & Scientific Notation
- Mathematical Reasoning for Solving Word Problems
- Tools for Representing Mathematical Concepts
- Calculating & Interpreting Statistical Data
- Algebraic Patterns, Equations & Functions
- Properties of Geometric Shapes
- Converting & Graphing Units of Measurement
- Area, Perimeter & Volume of Geometric Shapes
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