About This Chapter
Standard: Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered this standard will be able to order information correctly, engage in consistent sentence structure and avoid faulty comparisons. Students will also be able to present proper information 'flow' when writing an essay.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- How to write clear sentences
- Avoiding mixed structure sentences
- Writing logical sentences
- Structuring sentences for essays
- Varying sentence structures
- Emphasizing or de-emphasizing ideas based on syntax
Students demonstrate mastery of these concepts when they construct clear and easy-to-read essays. With this mastery, students are able to identify sentence structure and syntax issues when reading or editing pieces from other writers.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.11-12.3 standard:
Clear Sentence Structure Lessons
Create and pass out a worksheet that provides sentences with mixed structures. Have the students watch the video lesson that covers identifying and avoiding mixed structure sentences. Allow the students to have some time to work on the mixed structure worksheet. Spend time going over each sentence while explaining the correct answers.
Varied Sentence Structure Lessons
Watch the video lesson 'How to Structure Sentences in an Essay.' Have the students write an essay for a long term assignment and require them turn in a rough draft within a week. On the day the rough draft is due, show the video lesson again and instruct the students to trade essays with another student. Tell the students that they need to edit their peer's paper according to the concepts found in the video lesson. Allow the students to have another week to incorporate peer feedback into a final draft.
Syntax Application Lessons
Display sentences in front of the class and have the students watch the video lesson that covers syntax. Explain to the class how to read and analyze the sentences. Instruct the students to adjust each sentence's idea emphasis based on what they learned from the video lesson. Call on students to ask them how they adjusted the sentences. Take time to discuss why the changes were made.
1. Sentence Clarity: How to Write Clear Sentences
Just because you know a good sentence when you read one doesn't mean that you think it's easy to put one together - forget about writing an essay's worth. Learn how to write clear sentences and turn rough ones into gems.
2. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences
A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.
3. How to Write Logical Sentences and Avoid Faulty Comparisons
Your sentences may not always make as much sense as you think they do, especially if you're comparing two or more things. It's easy to let comparisons become illogical, incomplete, or ambiguous. Learn how to avoid making faulty comparisons on your way to writing a great essay.
4. How to Structure Sentences in an Essay
Sometimes we know what we want to write, but we are just unsure of the best way to write it. In this video, we will cover ways to structure sentences in an essay.
5. Varied Sentence Structure in Writing
Learn the meaning of sentence structure and the importance of varying sentence structure in writing in this lesson. Four strategies to help you vary your sentence structure will also be described.
6. How to Write Better by Improving Your Sentence Structure
Often times in writing, we know what we want to say, but it doesn't seem to come out right. In this video we will learn the steps needed to improve your writing with better sentence structure.
7. Syntax in Writing: Using Sentence Structure to Emphasize Ideas
It's not enough to choose the right words to convey an idea. Skilled writers also pay attention to how they set up their sentences. In this lesson you'll learn some ways that writers use syntax to emphasize ideas.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Language Grades 11-12: Standards course