About This Chapter
Language Structures & Literacy Development - Chapter Summary
This chapter on language structure and literacy development will help you review several literacy topics, including the alphabetic principle, spelling development, reading difficulty, phonological awareness, sound-symbol association and more. The chapter offers a simple and effective way to study phonemes, emergent literacy development, open syllable words and the relationship between decoding and coding. Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Understand literacy concepts such as the alphabetic principle and reading comprehension
- Summarize the stages of spelling development
- Determine how students develop phonological awareness skills
- Recognize examples of phonemes
- Know how sound-symbol association relates to literacy development
- Assess the ways in which written language is used to promote emergent literacy development
- Develop an awareness of differentiated reading instruction
- Identify early signs of reading difficulty
- Analyze the relationship between decoding and coding in phonics
- List prefixes, suffixes and root words
- Find open-syllable words
Our team of expert English instructors helps you quickly review and remember these literacy development topics by crafting each lesson with simplicity and engagement in mind. After reading/watching a lesson, you can make sure you fully understand the material by taking our self-assessment quizzes. Printable lesson transcripts are also available to supplement your study, and you can easily find specific topics using our video timelines and course Dashboard. These lessons are available to study whenever it fits your schedule and you can access them on any computer or mobile device.
1. The Alphabetic Principle & Learning to Read
Learning to read can often be a complex process for children, especially bilingual and other language learners. How does the alphabetic principle come into play? This lesson will explain how all children use the principle to develop reading.
2. Stages of Spelling Development
Children don't start out knowing how to spell words. Instead, spelling (like many other skills) develops over time and with practice. Watch this lesson to find out more about the stages of spelling development that children go through.
3. Development of Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Skills
Students learning to read need to be aware of sounds in speech. This lesson outlines these phonemic awareness skills and details age ranges for their development.
4. Phoneme: Definition, Segmentation & Examples
Phonemes are tiny units of sound in speech. When phonemes are combined, they can make up words. In this lesson, we will discuss what phonemes are, how to segment them in words and why they are important.
5. What is Reading Comprehension?
When you are reading, it isn't enough to just process the words. You need to understand what you are reading, too. In this lesson, you'll learn about the steps involved in reading comprehension.
6. Sound-Symbol Association & Literacy Development
In this lesson, you'll find out why symbols and their sounds are important to new readers. You'll also put yourself in the shoes of a new reader and consider some of the challenges you faced when you first learned to read and write.
7. Using Written Language to Promote Emergent Literacy Development
The more exposure young children have to written language, the better accustomed they'll become to the relationship between the written word and spoken language. In this lesson, we'll look at classroom activities that use written language to support emergent literacy development.
8. Differentiated Instruction in Reading
Differentiated instruction is a common term in the educational world. This lesson describes three different ways a reading teacher can differentiate instruction so that all students can be successful.
9. Identifying Early Signs of a Reading Difficulty
This lesson introduces the signs and symptoms often displayed by early elementary age students who are having difficulty with reading. Specific signs at each grade level are identified and discussed.
10. The Relationship Between Decoding & Encoding in Phonics
Though not all children learn to read in the same way and at the same time, there are predictable relationships between some of their steps. This lesson will define decoding and encoding and detail their interplay in a developing reader.
11. Spelling & Word Patterns: Prefixes, Suffixes & Root Words
How do we form words in our language? What gives them definitions? Watch this video lesson to discover how word parts like prefixes, suffixes and root words make up words and affect their meanings.
12. Open Syllable: Words & Examples
Learning how to spell English words involves knowing how the parts of words are built, spoken, and spelled. In this lesson, learn the English rules of syllabication and the open syllable rule with examples.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE CST Multi-Subject - Secondary Teachers (241/242/245): Practice & Study Guide course
- Language & Literacy Development
- English Morphology, Vocabulary & Grammar
- Understanding Literacy Instruction
- Literacy Assessments
- Text Comprehension Instruction Techniques
- Teaching & Assessing Reading Skills
- Types & Analysis of Literature & Nonfiction
- Writing Instruction Techniques
- Speaking, Listening & Presentation Instruction
- New York Common Core Learning Standards
- Rational & Real Number Systems
- Number Operations & Theory Concepts
- Ratios & Rate Reasoning
- Proportion: Theories & Practical Applications
- Basics of Algebra
- Polynomial Operations
- Basics of Functions
- Composing Functions
- Measurement & Geometry Basics
- Advanced Middle School Geometry
- Data, Probability & Statistics
- Math Instruction & Assessment
- Scientific Inquiry & Laboratory Safety
- Weather, Geology & the Earth
- Matter, Energy & Force
- Characteristics of Life
- Engineering Tools & Design
- STEM Connections
- Historical Events & New York History
- Geographic Concepts
- Human Development & Interactions
- Civics & Economics in America
- American Government & Civic Duties
- Social Studies Skills
- Visual Arts, Music, Theatre & Dance
- Health, Safety & Well-Being
- Physical & Health Education
- Family & Child Development
- Consumer Economics Overview
- Teacher Career Development
- NYSTCE CST Multi-Subject - Secondary Teachers Flashcards