About This Chapter
Standard: Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.
About This Chapter
Students who demonstrate expertise in this standard are aware of what types of subjects (literature, science, politics) use which style guide, as well as how to follow each guide's citation formatting rules. These students understand research methods, citation usage, and formatting, and the importance of plagiarism and how to avoid it.
Tutorials in this standard teach about:
- Finding and utilizing research sources
- Referencing and citing material in a paper's text
- Avoiding plagiarism
- MLA, Chicago, AP, CBE, ASA, and APA citation styles and when to use each
- How to create a works cited page
- Knowing when to formulate a bibliography
- How to interpret in-text and bibliographical citations
Students display understanding of this core standard in researching and citing papers. They find effective research sources and clearly indicate where the external references in their work came from. In addition, they know whether to use APA, MLA, or a different formatting style according to the subject area about which they're writing.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Below are a few tips for incorporating these lessons into in-class instruction on the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.9-10.3 standard:
View the lesson on avoiding plagiarism as a class. Then present several examples of statistical, conclusion-based, and subjective information and ask the class whether each piece of information should be cited. Request that the students offer reasoning for their choices.
Style Guide Citation Lessons
Assign the videos on the different style guides as homework. After each video assignment, provide students with a scholarly journal article to fully cite according to the respective formatting guide. Or, if time permits, watch the various style guide videos in a single class session, following each viewing with this exercise. Using the same article each time will help students recognize the specific differences among citation styles.
Lessons on Finding Sources and Using Reference Materials
In a computer lab setting, have the class watch the video lesson on using reference materials. Then present a topic and, as a group, perform an Internet search and look for suitable sources among the search results. Finally, give students a list of specific research topics and request that they do their own quick Internet searches and choose three sources that look promising for each topic.
Citation Interpretation Lessons
Watch the video lesson on reading citations as a class, or assign students to view it as homework. In class, offer students citations using different style guide formats and ask them to find each cited source. This could be done in a library if the sources are in print, or in a computer lab setting if the sources may be found online.
1. How to Use Sources to Write Essays and Evaluate Evidence
When writing an essay, you will often be asked to utilize appropriate sources for evidence, including facts and definitions. In this video, we will talk about the ways we can utilize and evaluate sources and evidence.
2. What Is a Bibliography and When Should I Write One?
In this video we are going to cover what a bibliography is, why they are used, various types of bibliographies, how to create a bibliography, and when to know if you should use a bibliography.
3. How to Avoid Plagiarism: When to Cite Sources
Plagiarism is a very serious matter in both academia and professional writing. Plagiarism in an academic setting can lead to you failing a course or being removed from school completely. Plagiarism in professional writing can lead to being fired from a job or finding yourself in court being sued. Let's figure out how to avoid this issue!
4. How to Read Citations in Texts and Bibliographies
This video will enable you to crack the code behind reading in-text citations and bibliographies. We'll see what citations look like and the important information they contain.
5. Journal Article Citations
One of the most common citations used in academic writing is that of journal articles. In this video, we will learn all about putting journal article citations into our text and works cited pages. The citations in this video are in APA style; before you sit down to make a works cited page, make sure to check what style your discipline requires.
6. Citations from Authored Books, Edited Books and Revised Books
Depending on the type of book we're using, there are a few rules we have to follow when citing it in our reference page. In this video, we're going to cover authored books, edited books, and revised books. However, there are many different types of citation styles, including MLA, APA, and Chicago, and some differ in their exact formatting rules. These citations are in APA style - make sure you check to find out what style you should be using before you complete your reference page.
7. Citations from Magazines
This video covers citing magazines both in text and in the reference page. The lesson addresses citation formats in both APA and MLA. It's important to note the differences, since both expect specific citation styles.
8. How to Cite Online Sources
A large majority of research today is done online, so you'll need to cite web pages for your papers. In this video we will learn the proper way of citing online sources in both APA and MLA styles.
9. How to Use Reference Material in Your Writing
When it comes to writing an essay or a vast array of other academic writing projects, you will often have to refer to the works of others. This video will teach you the skills to use reference materials in your writing.
10. How to Make In-Text Citations
With this lesson, you'll get to know the basics of creating in-text citations. We'll go over both MLA and APA style parenthetical citations and how to use them to cite different types of sources.
11. What is MLA Format?
MLA format is one of the most common structures for organizing a paper in academic writing. In this video, we will cover the basics of MLA format, focusing on citing within the text and creating a Works Cited page.
12. How to Format APA Citations
All college students must not only know how to read and understand writing, they need to know how to write using the APA citation style as well. This video will pull back the covers of APA style writing and give you confidence when using APA.
13. What Is the Chicago Citation Style?
In this video, we cover the basics of the Chicago Manual of Style. This writing format is popular amongst those in the editing field and may be the preferred style of many professors in technical writing, law, and even some English courses.
14. How to Make a Works Cited Page
You will have to cite your sources properly whenever you borrow words or ideas for a paper. One part of proper citation is the Works Cited page. This lesson shows you how to put one together.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Language Grades 9-10: Standards course