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Ch 22: Latin America after 1945

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn about the social, political, and economic challenges that have impacted Latin America since 1945. Check your understanding of the chapter material by taking a short quiz after each lesson.

Latin America after 1945 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In the years following World War II, Latin America has endured a great deal of instability. Warfare, economic challenges and political upheaval have all played roles in Central America and South America since 1945. This chapter delves into these major challenges by covering the military conflicts, democratic reforms and economic difficulties affecting the countries of Latin America. By the time you complete the video lessons, you should be knowledgeable of topics such as:

  • What caused the Guatemalan Civil War
  • How the advancement of democracy impacted South America
  • What factors contributed to the Nicaraguan Revolution
  • Why the U.S. supported certain Latin American coups
  • What the impacts of civil war in Central America were
  • What post-WWII economic and political issues have affected South America and Central America

VideoObjective
Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil WarExplore the Guatemalan Civil War's causes and its repercussions in the country.
Military Rule & Democratic Reform in BrazilExplore post-WWII political challenges in Brazil and the struggle between military rule and democracy.
The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & SandinistasLearn about the impact of the Nicaraguan Revolution and U.S. involvement in the conflict.
El Salvador & Argentina: 1945-PresentExamine the economic and political events that have shaped post-WWII El Salvador and Argentina.
Latin America: Economics, Politics, Society & CultureDiscover the diverse society of Latin America as well as the region's modern political and economic developments.
Mexico and Central America After World War IITake a look at the economic instability and political crises affecting post-WWII Mexico and Central America.
Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War IILearn about the post-WWII political and economic problems plaguing Chile, Colombia and Peru as well as the spread of democracy in South America.
US Support of Coups in Latin AmericaFind out why the US supported Latin American coups.
Civil War in Central AmericaDiscover the causes and effects of civil war in Central America.
Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic ChallengesExamine the current economic and political concerns affecting Argentina and Brazil.

9 Lessons in Chapter 22: Latin America after 1945
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil

1. Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil

This lesson will track the political events of Brazil from the 1950s to the 1980s. It will focus on the conflict between reform and military rule, while also defining the Abertura Process.

The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas

2. The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas

This lesson will explain the events of the Nicaraguan Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight U.S. involvement as well as the brutality and violence of the Somoza regime and the Sandinista rebels.

Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War

3. Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War

This lesson will explore the events of the Guatemalan Civil War. In doing this, it will highlight the Mayan population as well as the many military figures that ruled Guatemala during this 36-year conflict.

El Salvador & Argentina: 1945-Present

4. El Salvador & Argentina: 1945-Present

This lesson will explore post-World War II El Salvador and Argentina. It will detail the rule of military juntas and their death squads. It will also highlight the famous political lives of Juan and Eva Perón.

Mexico and Central America After World War II

5. Mexico and Central America After World War II

This lesson will explore post-war Central America and Mexico. It will highlight the Guatemalan Civil War and the Nicaraguan Revolution, as well as the PRI's single party domination of Mexico.

Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War II

6. Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War II

This lesson will explain the turbulent years of post-World War II Peru, Colombia, and Chile. In doing this, it will focus on the violent conflicts between leftists, civilian, and conservative military forces.

US Support of Coups in Latin America

7. US Support of Coups in Latin America

Many find it hard to believe that the United States would sponsor a coup against another country, especially one with the support of the people. However, that's exactly what happened in Latin America.

Civil War in Central America

8. Civil War in Central America

During the Cold War, numerous civil wars plagued Central America. This lesson takes a look at some of the dynamics of the wars in Nicaragua, Guatemala, and El Salvador.

Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic Challenges

9. Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic Challenges

Despite being fierce competitors in the World Cup, Argentina and Brazil have very similar backgrounds with respect to economic and political development over the past hundred years.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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