About This Chapter
Latin America after 1945 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In the years following World War II, Latin America has endured a great deal of instability. Warfare, economic challenges and political upheaval have all played roles in Central America and South America since 1945. This chapter delves into these major challenges by covering the military conflicts, democratic reforms and economic difficulties affecting the countries of Latin America. By the time you complete the video lessons, you should be knowledgeable of topics such as:
- What caused the Guatemalan Civil War
- How the advancement of democracy impacted South America
- What factors contributed to the Nicaraguan Revolution
- Why the U.S. supported certain Latin American coups
- What the impacts of civil war in Central America were
- What post-WWII economic and political issues have affected South America and Central America
|Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War||Explore the Guatemalan Civil War's causes and its repercussions in the country.|
|Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil||Explore post-WWII political challenges in Brazil and the struggle between military rule and democracy.|
|The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas||Learn about the impact of the Nicaraguan Revolution and U.S. involvement in the conflict.|
|El Salvador & Argentina: 1945-Present||Examine the economic and political events that have shaped post-WWII El Salvador and Argentina.|
|Latin America: Economics, Politics, Society & Culture||Discover the diverse society of Latin America as well as the region's modern political and economic developments.|
|Mexico and Central America After World War II||Take a look at the economic instability and political crises affecting post-WWII Mexico and Central America.|
|Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War II||Learn about the post-WWII political and economic problems plaguing Chile, Colombia and Peru as well as the spread of democracy in South America.|
|US Support of Coups in Latin America||Find out why the US supported Latin American coups.|
|Civil War in Central America||Discover the causes and effects of civil war in Central America.|
|Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic Challenges||Examine the current economic and political concerns affecting Argentina and Brazil.|
1. Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil
This lesson will track the political events of Brazil from the 1950s to the 1980s. It will focus on the conflict between reform and military rule, while also defining the Abertura Process.
2. The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas
This lesson will explain the events of the Nicaraguan Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight U.S. involvement as well as the brutality and violence of the Somoza regime and the Sandinista rebels.
3. Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War
This lesson will explore the events of the Guatemalan Civil War. In doing this, it will highlight the Mayan population as well as the many military figures that ruled Guatemala during this 36-year conflict.
4. El Salvador & Argentina: 1945-Present
This lesson will explore post-World War II El Salvador and Argentina. It will detail the rule of military juntas and their death squads. It will also highlight the famous political lives of Juan and Eva Perón.
5. Mexico and Central America After World War II
This lesson will explore post-war Central America and Mexico. It will highlight the Guatemalan Civil War and the Nicaraguan Revolution, as well as the PRI's single party domination of Mexico.
6. Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War II
This lesson will explain the turbulent years of post-World War II Peru, Colombia, and Chile. In doing this, it will focus on the violent conflicts between leftists, civilian, and conservative military forces.
7. US Support of Coups in Latin America
Many find it hard to believe that the United States would sponsor a coup against another country, especially one with the support of the people. However, that's exactly what happened in Latin America.
8. Civil War in Central America
During the Cold War, numerous civil wars plagued Central America. This lesson takes a look at some of the dynamics of the wars in Nicaragua, Guatemala, and El Salvador.
9. Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic Challenges
Despite being fierce competitors in the World Cup, Argentina and Brazil have very similar backgrounds with respect to economic and political development over the past hundred years.
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Other chapters within the History 113: World History II course
- Europe's Age of Exploration
- The Protestant Reformation
- The Elizabethan Era in Europe
- European Colonialism
- Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- Empire and Expansion in the 18th Century
- The Asian World (1368-1911)
- The Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment
- The French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte
- Nationalist Revolutions Across the World
- Industrialization in the Western World
- European Life & Trends
- Imperialism in the 19th-20th Centuries
- Global Transformations in the Early 20th Century
- World War I: Battles & Diplomacy
- Revolution & Nationalism in Asia
- Crisis & Depression Between the World Wars
- World War II: European & Pacific Theaters
- Restructuring the World After World War II
- The Spread of Democracy Across the World
- Europe & the United States After 1945
- Africa & the Middle East After 1945
- Asia & the Pacific After 1945
- Contemporary Global Concerns