About This Chapter
Latin America Since 1900 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Latin America - a region of the Western hemisphere that includes the countries located in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean - has seen dramatic social, political, and economic changes since 1900; much of this change is the result of conflict. The video lessons presented here provide you with a broad overview of the causes of these conflicts, changes and the results, some of which are long-lasting and still felt. By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Identify the causes and effects of civil wars
- Describe social, political, and economic upheavals
- Discuss key leaders across the region, such as Allende, Pinochet, Peron, Duvalier, and Trujillo
- Describe the economic relationship among the North American countries of Mexico, the U.S., and Canada
- Population movement and emigration
- Identify instances of American intervention in Latin American governments and the results
|The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Effects||Discuss the roots and results of this conflict.|
|Causes of the Falklands War: Argentina vs. England||Describe what caused the Falklands War.|
|Single-Party Rule in Mexico and the Fall of the PRI||Discuss the rise of PRI and the election of president Vicente Fox.|
|Dictatorships in Hispaniola: Duvalier in Haiti & Trujillo in the Dominican Republic||Discuss these Hispaniola leaders.|
|Events in Latin America During the Cold War||Identify key events, such as civil war in Guatemala and Colombia, the Cuban Revolution, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the overthrow of leaders like Allende in Chile and Somoza in Nicaragua, the Falklands War, and the U.S. invasion of Grenada and Panama.|
|The Chilean Revolution & Augusto Pinochet||Explain Allende's election and removal from office; describe Pinochet's ascension to leadership, his rule and later removal.|
|Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War||Identify the roots and aftermath of this civil war.|
|Juan Peron and Peronism in Argentina||Identify the successes and failures of the Peron years; comment on the special role of Peron's wives in Argentine politics.|
|The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas||Describe the conflict between the Nicaraguan government and the Sandinistas, and discuss the role of the U.S. in the conflict.|
|The Cuban Revolution: Causes & Effects||Explain what contributed to the Cuban Revolution, and what happened after it.|
|NAFTA & North American Integration: Reasons & Effects||Identify why NAFTA was negotiated and discuss its affects on Canada, the U.S., and Mexico.|
|Social & Economic Changes in Latin America: 1900-1950||Discuss concepts like weakened economies, military intervention, drug wars, limited political reforms, disparity of wealth, and shifts from authoritarian governments to democracies.|
|Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil||Discuss the aftermath of dictatorship.|
|Causes of Latin American Migration to the United States||Explain why residents of Latin America emigrate to the U.S.|
|Post-war Latin American Economies & the Organization of American States (OAS)||Describe the external debt faced by these countries; comment on the role of the Organization of American States.|
|Post-war Latin American Politics||Describe large-scale changes in the politics of countries like Jamaica, Cuba, Brazil, Peru, Costa Rica, and more.|
1. The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Initial Events
The Mexican Revolution started in response to the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. In this video, we look at the causes of the Revolution, and then explore the initial events that led to the removal of Diaz.
2. The Mexican Revolution: Aftermath & Effects
In this video, we examine the civil war that broke out in Mexico after Porfirio Diaz was removed from power as the various parties competed with each other for power. A quiz will follow.
3. Causes of the Falklands War: Argentina vs. England
In this lesson, we will learn about the historical background of the Falkland Islands War, the timeline of events of the war, and the consequences of the war for Argentina.
4. Single-Party Rule in Mexico and the Fall of the PRI
This lesson will trace the rise and fall of Mexico's PRI party. In doing so, it will highlight its dominance, the presidency of Cardenas, and the political corruption under Portillo.
5. Dictatorships in Hispaniola: Duvalier in Haiti & Trujillo in the Dominican Republic
This lesson will highlight the brutal dictatorships of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. In doing so, it will chronicle the regimes of Duvalier and Trujillo. It will also note US involvement in these countries.
6. Events in Latin America During the Cold War
This lesson will discuss Latin America and the Cold War. It will highlight Guatemala, Nicaragua, Cuba. It will also discuss the tensions between the US and the former Soviet Union.
7. The Chilean Revolution & Augusto Pinochet
In this video, we learn about the circumstances under which Salvador Allende, South America's first democratically elected president, was removed from power in a military coup d'etat. We also learn about the role of the United States in the removal of Allende and the rise of a military dictator Augusto Pinochet in Chile.
8. Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War
This lesson will explore the events of the Guatemalan Civil War. In doing this, it will highlight the Mayan population as well as the many military figures that ruled Guatemala during this 36-year conflict.
9. Juan Peron and Peronism in Argentina
In this video, we learn about Juan Peron, the President of Argentina from 1946-1955 and from 1973-1974. We learn about his rise to and fall from power and about his vague political ideology, which he called Justicialism.
10. The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas
This lesson will explain the events of the Nicaraguan Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight U.S. involvement as well as the brutality and violence of the Somoza regime and the Sandinista rebels.
11. The Cuban Revolution: Causes & Effects
This lesson will detail the events of the Cuban Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight the reign of Batista, guerrilla tactics, Castro's promises of freedom, and his eventual alliance with communism.
12. NAFTA & North American Integration: Reasons & Effects
This lesson will explore the North American integration that occurred through NAFTA. In doing this, it will define tariffs, while also discussing the arguments for and against this famous agreement.
13. Social & Economic Changes in Latin America: 1900-1950
This lesson explores Latin America during the first half of the 20th century. It highlights the economic strains linked to World War I. It also discusses U.S. involvement in the region.
14. Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil
This lesson will track the political events of Brazil from the 1950s to the 1980s. It will focus on the conflict between reform and military rule, while also defining the Abertura Process.
15. Causes of Latin American Migration to the United States
This video examines the causes of Latin American migration to the United States. In particular, we look at 5 theories of Latin American migration and highlight them with examples of different kinds of Latin American migration.
16. Organization of American States: History & Goals
Today's lesson will focus on the Organization of American States' (OAS) past and present. The lesson will highlight the OAS's ties to the Cold War, as well as its pursuit of economic prosperity for those living in the Western Hemisphere.
17. Post-war Latin American Politics
This lesson explores the political events occurring in post-World War II Latin America. We highlight the impact of the Cold War and American intervention.
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Other chapters within the World History: High School course
- Early World Civilizations
- Early Near East Civilizations
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Early Indian Civilization
- History of the Ancient Greeks
- History of The Roman Republic
- History of the Fall of Rome
- The Rise of Christianity
- Timeline of the Early Middle Ages
- The Medieval Warm Period
- Timeline of the High Middle Ages
- Eurasia and the Great Dynastic Empires
- The Late Middle Ages
- History of The European Renaissance
- The Reformation Across Europe
- The Age of Exploration
- The Enlightenment & World Revolutions
- World War I
- Between the World Wars
- World War II
- Europe, Asia, the Middle East & Africa Post-War
- The Cold War
- The 21st Century
- Teaching Resources for World History