About This Chapter
Latin American History - Chapter Summary
Follow along as our subject experts introduce you to the geography of Latin America, its population and culture. These videos cover the Mexican Revolution and Falklands War, Cold War events in the region and the different civil wars and revolutions that have taken place in the area since its origin. You'll learn about key figures and groups, such as Augusto Pinochet, the Sandinistas and the PRI party. This chapter will introduce you to some reasons for the migration of Latin Americans into the U.S. as well as democratic reforms in Brazil, the effects of NAFTA and military rule. Once you've watched all the videos in this chapter, you'll be familiar with:
- European exploration and colonization of Latin America
- Events and aftermath of the Mexican Revolution
- Argentina versus England in the Falklands War
- Guatemalan Civil War consequences
- Nicaraguan and Cuban Revolutions and their effects
- Reasons for North American integration
- Goals of the organization of American states
- Post-war politics in Latin America
Our lessons feature quick and fun videos that make learning about Latin American history fun and easy. You can reference key terms using the lesson transcripts that come with each video and go back and re-watch the videos as often as you need to make sure you understand the material. After each lesson, you'll find a self-assessment quiz you can use to check your knowledge of the history of Latin America.
1. Physical & Human Geography of Latin America
Latin America is a big place, but what really defines it? In this lesson, we'll talk about human and physical geography of Latin America and see what defines this unique region.
2. European Exploration & Colonization in Latin America
Starting in 1492, the arrival of Europeans in present-day Latin America irrevocably changed the region's history. This lesson examines the impact of European colonization, technology, and disease on the region.
3. The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Initial Events
The Mexican Revolution started in response to the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. In this video, we look at the causes of the Revolution, and then explore the initial events that led to the removal of Diaz.
4. The Mexican Revolution: Aftermath & Effects
In this video, we examine the civil war that broke out in Mexico after Porfirio Diaz was removed from power as the various parties competed with each other for power. A quiz will follow.
5. Causes of the Falklands War: Argentina vs. England
In this lesson, we will learn about the historical background of the Falkland Islands War, the timeline of events of the war, and the consequences of the war for Argentina.
6. Single-Party Rule in Mexico and the Fall of the PRI
This lesson will trace the rise and fall of Mexico's PRI party. In doing so, it will highlight its dominance, the presidency of Cardenas, and the political corruption under Portillo.
7. Events in Latin America During the Cold War
This lesson will discuss Latin America and the Cold War. It will highlight Guatemala, Nicaragua, Cuba. It will also discuss the tensions between the US and the former Soviet Union.
8. The Chilean Revolution & Augusto Pinochet
In this video, we learn about the circumstances under which Salvador Allende, South America's first democratically elected president, was removed from power in a military coup d'etat. We also learn about the role of the United States in the removal of Allende and the rise of a military dictator Augusto Pinochet in Chile.
9. Causes & Consequences of the Guatemalan Civil War
This lesson will explore the events of the Guatemalan Civil War. In doing this, it will highlight the Mayan population as well as the many military figures that ruled Guatemala during this 36-year conflict.
10. The Nicaraguan Revolution: The Somoza Regime & Sandinistas
This lesson will explain the events of the Nicaraguan Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight U.S. involvement as well as the brutality and violence of the Somoza regime and the Sandinista rebels.
11. The Cuban Revolution: Causes & Effects
This lesson will detail the events of the Cuban Revolution. In doing so, it will highlight the reign of Batista, guerrilla tactics, Castro's promises of freedom, and his eventual alliance with communism.
12. NAFTA & North American Integration: Reasons & Effects
This lesson will explore the North American integration that occurred through NAFTA. In doing this, it will define tariffs, while also discussing the arguments for and against this famous agreement.
13. Social & Economic Changes in Latin America: 1900-1950
This lesson explores Latin America during the first half of the 20th century. It highlights the economic strains linked to World War I. It also discusses U.S. involvement in the region.
14. Military Rule & Democratic Reform in Brazil
This lesson will track the political events of Brazil from the 1950s to the 1980s. It will focus on the conflict between reform and military rule, while also defining the Abertura Process.
15. Causes of Latin American Migration to the United States
This video examines the causes of Latin American migration to the United States. In particular, we look at 5 theories of Latin American migration and highlight them with examples of different kinds of Latin American migration.
16. Organization of American States: History & Goals
Today's lesson will focus on the Organization of American States' (OAS) past and present. The lesson will highlight the OAS's ties to the Cold War, as well as its pursuit of economic prosperity for those living in the Western Hemisphere.
17. Post-war Latin American Politics
This lesson explores the political events occurring in post-World War II Latin America. We highlight the impact of the Cold War and American intervention.
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Other chapters within the GACE Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course
- European Colonies in North America (1497-1732)
- Important Events Leading to the American Revolution
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Jacksonian Democracy
- Buildup to the American Civil War
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- American Imperialism & World War I
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century
- 1920s America
- America and the Great Depression
- U.S. Involvement in World War ll (1941-1945)
- Post-World War ll America (1946-1959)
- The Cold War in America (1950-1973)
- Civil Rights & Other Movements in the US (1954-1973)
- America in the 1970s
- America in the 1980s
- Recent American History (1992-2013)
- The History of Georgia
- Introduction to Government
- Introduction to Economics
- The Judicial Branch of the U.S.
- The U.S.'s Legislative Branch
- Presidential Elections, Powers & Processes
- History of Political Parties in the U.S.
- Canadian History
- European History: Geography, Colonization, WWI & Russia
- European History: The 1920s & 1930s
- European History: The Rise of Fascism
- European History: World War II
- European History: Post-War Europe
- European History: Cold War Europe
- European History: Integration in Europe after the Soviet Union
- Australian History
- Overview of African History
- Asian History