About This Chapter
Leadership Theory - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
If you've ever been in charge of people, you know how hard it can be to act as an effective leader. By watching these lessons on leadership theory, you should get a more informed idea about what it takes to lead others. The lessons cover different schools of thought relating to leadership, including some that you may have heard of before.
One of the theories you'll encounter is Fiedler's Contingency Theory. Fiedler identified three elements that can dictate something called 'situational control.' These elements include task structure, leader/member relations, and positioning power. Through these elements, you'll learn about how a leader's situational control can impact his or her authority.
Another theory you'll be introduced to is Hersey-Blanchard's model of situational leadership. This model incorporates four styles of leadership, which include telling, selling, participating, and delegating. You'll also learn about two behavioral categories called 'task behavior' and 'relationship behavior.' In addition to the Hersey-Blanchard model, you'll also learn about leadership styles associated with the path-goal theory.
Finally, you'll learn about how Machiavellism in organizations is related to leadership. You may have heard of Machiavelli and his influential political treatise, The Prince - you might even have heard someone described as acting in a 'Machiavellian' manner. In this unit's lesson on Machiavellism, you will learn about how it is used to justify means via ends in a business context.
1. Fiedler's Contingency Theory & a Leader's Situational Control
Fiedler's contingency theory states that there are three elements that dictate a leader's situational control. The three elements are task structure, leader/member relations, and positioning power.
2. Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership
Hersey-Blanchard's Model of Situational Leadership assumes that follower maturity is a major indicator of an employee's readiness to perform work. There are four leadership styles associated with the model: delegating, participating, selling and telling.
3. The Path-Goal Theory and Leadership Styles
Path-Goal is a type of leadership theory that focuses on establishing a clear path to goal achievement. Leadership styles that are associated with this theory include: achievement-oriented, directive, participative and supportive leadership.
4. Machiavellianism in Organizations: Justifying the Means by the Ends
Manipulation can be a powerful tool that is frequently put into practice by people who have a Machiavellian personality. This lesson describes characteristics of Machiavellianism in both high and low Machs.
5. Leader-Member Exchange Theory and Organizational Behavior
As we work with our managers and leaders, we begin to develop a level of trust between us. The employee trusts the leader will be good and fair, and the leader also develops trust in the employee's ability to do his job.
6. Trait Theories vs. Behavioral Theories of Leadership
There are many different theories on leadership. In this lesson, we will explore the trait and behavioral theories and explain how they apply to leadership.
7. The Attribution Theory of Leadership
Many times we make assumptions about individuals by what we observe. How they think, act or talk enables us to make a decision in our own minds as to why they are acting that way. That is the basis of the attribution theory of leadership.
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Other chapters within the Business 101: Principles of Management course
- Management Basics
- Classical School of Management
- Behavioral School of Management Theory
- Contemporary and Future School of Management Theory
- Organizational Change
- Organizing in Business Management
- Work Teams
- Leading in Organizations
- Motivation in the Workplace
- Communication in the Workplace
- Controlling in Organizations
- Human Resources
- Strategic Management and Managerial Decision Making
- Production and Quality Assurance
- International Management and Contemporary Issues
- Studying for Business 101