Ch 74: Learning and Conditioning

About This Chapter

Fortify your understanding of learning and conditioning by watching video lesson on the techniques of classical conditioning, operant conditioning and shaping. Also, review the John B. Watson's theory, social-cognitive learning theory and the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion.

Learning and Conditioning - Chapter Summary

The lesson videos in this chapter have been assembled as an overview of the theories and practices of learning and conditioning. Watch as our expert instructors discuss the theories and practices of early behaviorists such as John B. Watson, then move into the topics of social-cognitive learning. Review what you know about classic studies like Watson's study on fear conditioning and the prisoner's dilemma study, as well as theories and models like the elaboration likelihood model of persuasion. After this series of lesson videos you should be prepared to answer questions on:

  • Classical conditioning
  • Operant conditioning and John B. Watson's study on Little Albert
  • Shaping
  • Schedules of reinforcement
  • The prisoner's dilemma
  • Uses and effects of observation and insight
  • Biological limitations on conditioning
  • Social-cognitive learning theory
  • Elaboration likelihood model of persuasion

If you have any questions on the material in this chapter, be sure to ask our instructors for clarification. Also, take advantage of lesson quizzes that help you fortify the information reviewed in this chapter and determine areas of weakness. Review the areas not yet mastered using video tags linked to key parts of the lessons. You can also refer to the lesson transcripts that give you a written overview of the material covered.

11 Lessons in Chapter 74: Learning and Conditioning
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples

1. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples

This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.

Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

2. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.

Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment

3. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment

Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.

Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

4. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.

What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples

5. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples

How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.

Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

6. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.

What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory

7. What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory

Do you make decisions based on your own self- interest? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the famous 'prisoner's dilemma' game to see if individuals, when faced with a competitive or cooperative decision, will choose selfish or selfless outcomes.

Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler

8. Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler

Do you learn through observation or through sudden understanding? In this lesson, we'll take a look at two different methods of learning, which can affect your behavior and problem-solving ability.

Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts

9. Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts

How can biological influences affect conditioning? Have you ever had food poisoning? In this lesson, you'll see how natural responses can accelerate or hinder conditioning.

Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples

10. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples

Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.

Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion: Central vs. Peripheral Route

11. Elaboration Likelihood Model of Persuasion: Central vs. Peripheral Route

The Elaboration Likelihood Model is discussed in this lesson, including the distinction between the central route and the peripheral route, examples of each route and when people are likely to take one route over the other.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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