About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Learning and Teaching Methods in Psychology chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||Classical conditioning theory and research||Watson's Little Albert, Pavlov's dogs, unconditioned response, unconditioned stimulus, neutral stimulus, conditioned stimulus, extinction, and generalization|
|Tuesday||Operant conditioning||B.F. Skinner, Edward L. Thorndike, reinforcement, primary and secondary reinforcers, conditioned reinforcement, intrinsic and extrinsic reinforcers, negative reinforcement, positive reinforcement, and punishment|
|Wednesday||Creating and reinforcing behavior||Shaping desired behaviors, behaviors, reinforcement schedules, continuous reinforcement schedule, partial reinforcement schedule, and the four types of partial reinforcement|
|Thursday||Prisoner's dilemma||Game theory, Melvin Dresher and Merrill Flood, Albert Tucker, the conditions of the prisoner's dilemma, and the concept of the payoff during choice selection|
|Friday||What can and cannot be conditioned||Observational learning, Albert Bandura's studies on aggressive behavior, Wolfgang Köhler's contributions to the concept of insight learning, taste aversion, the Garcia effect, Keller and Marian Breland's conditioning experiments, and how natural instincts affect conditioning|
1. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
2. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
3. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
4. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.
5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
6. What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory
Do you make decisions based on your own self- interest? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the famous 'prisoner's dilemma' game to see if individuals, when faced with a competitive or cooperative decision, will choose selfish or selfless outcomes.
7. Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler
Do you learn through observation or through sudden understanding? In this lesson, we'll take a look at two different methods of learning, which can affect your behavior and problem-solving ability.
8. Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts
How can biological influences affect conditioning? Have you ever had food poisoning? In this lesson, you'll see how natural responses can accelerate or hinder conditioning.
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