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Ch 7: AP Psychology: Learning & Conditioning

About This Chapter

Watch learning and conditioning video lessons and learn about operant conditioning, shaping, social cognitive learning theory, and more. These lessons are just a portion of our AP Psychology course.

Learning and Conditioning - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

While school is the place we gain knowledge, there are many different ways our brains learn about the world and decide how to act in it. In this chapter, you'll study famous experiments in which psychologists showed how conditioning, or teaching the brain to respond to certain stimuli, can affect behavior. You'll explore the different types of learning, like social observation and sudden insight, and the role these play in our everyday lives. Behaviors can be cemented through the process of shaping via reinforcements, and we'll delve into how this works. This chapter is designed to teach you:

  • How conditioning affects behavior
  • About reinforcement schedules and shaping systems
  • The different ways people can learn
  • How biological instincts can interrupt conditioning

VideoObjective
Classical ConditioningExplore two famous experiments and learn how stimuli can elicit new responses through conditioning.
Watson and Little AlbertLearn about John Watson's famous conditioning experiment involving Little Albert and a white rat.
Operant ConditioningUnderstand how reinforcement affects behavior, whether it's intrinsic or extrinsic, positive or negative.
ShapingExplore the process of shaping and how a series of reinforcements comprises a shaping system.
Scheduling ReinforcementLearn the different ways to schedule rewards and why they are effective in different scenarios.
Prisoner's DilemmaExplore the hypothetical situation Albert Tucker investigated, applying game theory to asking prisoners for confessions.
Observation and InsightUnderstand how people learn through both observation and insight and how each is important.
Biological Limits on ConditioningLearn how biology and instincts play a part in what we learn about and are conditioned to.
Social Cognitive Learning TheoryExplore how people learn by observing others and replicating what is seen.

9 Lessons in Chapter 7: AP Psychology: Learning & Conditioning
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

1. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples

Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.

Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment

2. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment

Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.

Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

3. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples

How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.

What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples

4. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples

How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.

Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial

Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.

Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts

6. Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts

How can biological influences affect conditioning? Have you ever had food poisoning? In this lesson, you'll see how natural responses can accelerate or hinder conditioning.

Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples

7. Social-Cognitive Learning Theory: Definition and Examples

Have you learned behaviors or skills from observing others? Maybe you have learned from observing a teacher, friend, or supervisor. We acquire new knowledge and skills from a variety of methods. This lesson will introduce the concepts of the social-cognitive theory, which focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.

What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory

8. What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory

Do you make decisions based on your own self- interest? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the famous 'prisoner's dilemma' game to see if individuals, when faced with a competitive or cooperative decision, will choose selfish or selfless outcomes.

Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler

9. Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler

Do you learn through observation or through sudden understanding? In this lesson, we'll take a look at two different methods of learning, which can affect your behavior and problem-solving ability.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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