About This Chapter
Learning & Personality Development - Chapter Summary
The lessons of this chapter will help you improve your understanding of the major psychological perspectives of learning and personality development. They can be viewed on a mobile device and accessed wherever you have Internet service. After you have reviewed these lessons, you should have a better understanding of:
- The various perspectives of learning and personality development
- Differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning
- John B. Watson's experiments with Little Albert
- Lev Vygotsky and his theory of cognitive development
- Discovery learning and representation in Bruner's theory of development
- Vicarious learning and Bandura's social-cognitive theory
- What the term 'personality' refers to
- Theories of personality psychology
- Schedules of reinforcement
To test your understanding of the material, don't forget to complete the lesson quizzes. The results from these short assessments will help you discover topics you don't understand and provide you with links to the lessons, which you can use to re-review the material you missed. After you've completed the lessons and quizzes of this chapter be sure to complete the practice chapter exam for a comprehensive review of the material.
1. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives
How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.
2. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
3. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
4. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
5. Jerome Bruner's Theory of Development: Discovery Learning & Representation
This lesson explores Jerome Bruner's theory of development, his three modes of representation, and his beliefs on learning, language, and discovery. It will also differentiate Bruner's views of learning compared to Jean Piaget's views.
6. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
7. Intro to Personality
You put two people in the same situation and, odds are, they'll react in a range of different ways. Some people might even react in a completely unexpected or extreme way. Why is this? Read this lesson for insight into personality types and what makes people tick the way they do.
8. Personality Psychology: Definition & Theories
Many people are fascinated by the characteristics that make each of us unique. Read on to discover the different theories of how personality develops.
9. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
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