About This Chapter
Learning Processes & Theories - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
There are multiple theories that address the elements of cognitive development and the process of learning. This chapter will look at different theories and the people who developed them. Each lesson examines the specifics of a certain idea along with the associated personality. A short quiz accompanies every lesson so you can measure how well you understand the material. You can also contact the instructor with any questions that you may have. These lessons cover such topics as:
- Mediated learning experiences
- Applications of behaviorism
- Theoretical approaches to cognitive development
- Piaget's stages of cognitive development
- Social constructivism
|Behaviorism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Learn about behaviorism and its application in the classroom.|
|Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development||Discover Jean Piaget and his specific theory on cognitive development.|
|Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development||Dig deeper by learning about the stages in Piaget's theory.|
|Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development||Examine another cognitive development theory by Russian psychologist Vygotsky.|
|Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience||Take a look at social constructivist theory and the specific mediated learning experience.|
|Constructivism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Get the basics on constructivist thought and learn about some practical teaching examples.|
1. Behaviorism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
How can teachers use rewards and punishments to guide student behavior and learning? In this lesson, we will look at how behaviorism applies to the classroom, including the concepts of reinforcement, punishment, and extinction.
2. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
3. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
4. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
5. Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience
A well-accepted fact among educational psychologists is the idea that knowledge is not absorbed but rather constructed through a person's experiences with his or her environment. This knowledge may be constructed individually or collaboratively. This lesson will briefly explain the processes behind knowledge construction and provide information on how socially constructed knowledge can advance the cognitive development of learners.
6. Constructivism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
Learning through real-world experiences with others allows students to grow and understand things more easily. In this lesson, we'll examine constructivism in depth, including social learning, the zone of proximal development, and project-based learning.
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Other chapters within the Education 102: Literacy Instruction in the Elementary School course
- Instructional Approaches
- Language Acquisition in the Classroom
- Beyond Oral Language Acquisition
- How Language & Culture Interact in the Classroom
- Strategies for Teaching Reading
- Identifying & Understanding Words
- Constructing Meaning
- Vocabulary Development
- Writing Development
- Approaches to Literacy Instruction
- Classroom Management for Literacy Instruction
- Selecting Resources for Literacy Instruction
- Responding to Student Needs
- Collaborations Outside of School
- Evaluation & Assessments in Education