About This Chapter
Learning & Psychology - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll review the psychology of learning using brief but informative video lessons. You'll examine topics such as behavioral shaping, types of conditioning, observational learning and psychological experiments focusing on learned behaviors. You will even review the biological limits on conditioning. After reviewing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:
- Describe classical and operant conditioning
- Provide details about the Watson and Little Albert experiment
- Relate steps in the shaping process and how to apply them in the classroom
- Define reinforcement and describe how to choose a schedule of reinforcement
- Discuss the 'prisoner's dilemma' and what it means
- Detail biological influences on psychological conditioning
- Identify how people learn through observation or insight
You can study when it's convenient for you, and even print lesson transcripts to reference whenever you need to. Take the self-assessment quizzes to measure the depth of your knowledge and your readiness to move on to the next topic. Use your Dashboard to chart your progress from one lesson to the next.
1. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
2. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
3. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
4. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.
5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continuous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
6. What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory
Do you make decisions based on your own self- interest? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the famous 'prisoner's dilemma' game to see if individuals, when faced with a competitive or cooperative decision, will choose selfish or selfless outcomes.
7. Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler
Do you learn through observation or through sudden understanding? In this lesson, we'll take a look at two different methods of learning, which can affect your behavior and problem-solving ability.
8. Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts
How can biological influences affect conditioning? Have you ever had food poisoning? In this lesson, you'll see how natural responses can accelerate or hinder conditioning.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Praxis Psychology (5391): Practice & Study Guide course
- Theories on Human Growth & Development
- Genetic Influences on Psychological Development
- Prenatal Development and Birth
- Physical and Motor Development
- Development of Sense & Perception
- Overview of Cognitive Development
- Creativity, Intelligence & Language
- Social Development Through the Lifespan
- Aging, Death & Dying
- Atypical Development in Humans
- Social Psychology Fundamentals
- Elements of Social Psychology
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Senses & Perception
- Research Methodology and Statistics
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Praxis Psychology Flashcards