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- Compare and contrast classical and operant conditioning.
- Explain how Watson's experiment on Little Albert illustrated classical conditioning in humans.
- Learn how shaping can be used for behavior conditioning.
- Understand how schedules of reinforcement enhance learning.
- Discuss the prisoner's dilemma.
- Differentiate between observation and insight.
- Describe the biological limitations on conditioning.
1. Classical Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Principles & Examples
Can you be conditioned to associate something new with something else you naturally respond to? In this lesson, we'll take a look at a famous psychological experiment that tested how brains have the ability to automatically react to new stimuli if it's conditioned correctly.
2. Psychologist John Watson & the Little Albert Experiment
Does classical conditioning work on humans? In this lesson, you'll explore this question as poor Little Albert is taught to fear a rat. You'll also see how classical conditioning can be used in advertising.
3. Operant Conditioning in Psychology: Definition, Theory & Examples
How do we adapt our behaviors to our advantage? Can we learn from punishment and reward? With operant conditioning, our behaviors are shaped based off the responses we get from them.
4. What is Shaping in Psychology? - Definition & Examples
How can teachers shape the behavior of their students? In this lesson, you'll not only discover how a pigeon learned how to bowl, but you'll also study the steps required to shape complex acts into continuous behaviors.
5. Schedules of Reinforcement in Psychology: Continous & Partial
Have you ever wondered how our behavior is conditioned? How does the timing of rewards affect our behavior and our learning? In this lesson, we'll take a close look at how reinforcement scheduling can influence how fast we learn a behavior and how well the behavior is maintained.
6. What is the Prisoner's Dilemma? - Albert Tucker & Game Theory
Do you make decisions based on your own self- interest? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the famous 'prisoner's dilemma' game to see if individuals, when faced with a competitive or cooperative decision, will choose selfish or selfless outcomes.
7. Observational vs. Insight Learning: Albert Bandura & Wolfgang Kohler
Do you learn through observation or through sudden understanding? In this lesson, we'll take a look at two different methods of learning, which can affect your behavior and problem-solving ability.
8. Biological Limits on Conditioning: Taste Aversion, the Garcia Effect & Instincts
How can biological influences affect conditioning? Have you ever had food poisoning? In this lesson, you'll see how natural responses can accelerate or hinder conditioning.
9. Conditioned Reinforcement: Definition & Explanation
You've probably heard the story of Pavlov's dogs, but did you know this is an example of conditioned reinforcement? Learn more about conditioned reinforcement and how it differs from primary reinforcement. Then test your knowledge with a quiz.
10. Negative Reinforcement: Examples & Definition
Negative reinforcement strengthens a behavioral response by taking away a negative outcome. In this lesson, you will learn the characteristics of negative reinforcement and see examples of this type of conditioning.
11. Observational Learning: Definition, Theory & Examples
Observational learning goes on around us everyday. In this lesson, you will learn to identify the four steps in observational learning by examining a normal event. Test your understanding with the short quiz at the end.
12. Reinforcer: Definition & Examples
A reinforcer is something that increases the likelihood that a specific behavior or response will occur. Explore the different types of reinforcers, learn from examples, and test your knowledge with a quiz.
13. Spontaneous Recovery in Psychology: Definition & Examples
This lesson discusses and defines the concept of spontaneous recovery. The researcher who first introduced the term is discussed and an example of this research shows how spontaneous recovery occurs. How this influences memory is also discussed.
14. Stanley Schachter: Theory, Experiment & Contributions to Psychology
All humans can relate to emotions since we all experience them. But do you ever wonder how these emotions come about? This is the most popular topic that was researched by the famous psychologist Stanley Schachter. In this lesson you will find out more about emotions and the array of other work done by Stanley Schachter.
15. Taste Aversion: Definition, Conditioning & Learning
Have you ever avoided a favorite food after eating it made you nauseous? If so, you've experienced taste aversion. Read this lesson to learn how taste aversion may have helped save the lives of your ancestors.
16. The Garcia Effect: Definition & Explanation
Our sense of taste doesn't exist solely for enjoyment; it serves a function in keeping humans and animals safe. Learn about the Garcia effect and how this function of taste is important.
17. Unconditioned Response: Examples & Definition
An unconditioned response is an automatic reaction to something. This lesson takes you through the definition and examples of unconditioned responses and offers a quiz to test your knowledge.
18. What Is Behavior Modification? - Definition, Techniques & Examples
How did you learn right from wrong, and what influenced you to form these behaviors? In this lesson, we will explore how factors in our environment work together to determine how we behave.
19. Procedural Memory: Definition & Examples
Procedural memory is one of two types of long-term memory. Learn more about procedural memory from examples. Then test what you have learned with a quiz.
20. Critical Period: Hypothesis & Definition
This lesson covers the critical period hypothesis, which is a theory from linguistics that suggests children are better at learning languages than adults. We'll go over why that might be true.
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