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Ch 2: Legal Classifications & Principles

About This Chapter

Use the fun lessons, short quizzes and practice exam in this engaging chapter to quickly improve your understanding of various legal classifications and principles. These study resources can help you earn course credit, improve your grades or prepare for an upcoming test.

Legal Classifications & Principles - Chapter Summary

If you need help understanding different legal classifications and principles, you've reached the right place! This entertaining chapter offers a comprehensive overview of topics that include standard of proof in law, statutory law and the stare decisis doctrine. Explore the lessons anytime, in any order and as often as you'd like. Reach out to our subject-matter experts if you have questions about concepts examined in this chapter. Our multiple-choice quizzes and practice exam can check your comprehension of the lessons. Upon completion of this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Define and share examples of common law and statutory law
  • Differentiate between substantive law and procedural law
  • Compare and contrast public law and private law
  • Explain differences between criminal law and civil law
  • Share the definition and examples of constitutional law
  • List and describe standards of proof in law
  • Give example cases of the stare decisis doctrine
  • Provide the definition and examples of legal precedent
  • Discuss the meaning and share examples of a long arm statute

10 Lessons in Chapter 2: Legal Classifications & Principles
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is Common Law? - Definition & Examples

1. What Is Common Law? - Definition & Examples

Common law relies upon particular cases, and sometimes prior decisions, instead of statutes, when deciding a case. Learn more about the definition of common law and read some examples demonstrating this particular type of law.

What Is Statutory Law? - Definition, Cases & Examples

2. What Is Statutory Law? - Definition, Cases & Examples

Statutory law refers to those that are legally documented and enforced. Examine the different types of statutory laws at the federal, state, and local levels through a provided case study demonstrating how laws sometimes contradict each other.

Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences

3. Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences

While substantive law sets the rules for citizens to follow, procedural law entails the steps that lead from arrest to prosecution. Explore the definitions and differences of procedural law and substantive law and how they each factor into the legal process.

Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

4. Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

Public law relates to something that affects society and private law relates to problems between two or more people. Explore the definitions and differences between public and private law and examples of cases.

Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

5. Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

Criminal law involves the government's prosecution of a defendant who is accused of a crime, while civil law involves a plaintiff's lawsuit against a defendant. Dive deeper into the definitions and differences of criminal and civil law, and learn important legal terminology such as cause of action, parties, burden of proof, and legal remedy.

What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example

6. What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example

Constitutional law is the interpretation of laws based on the U.S. Constitution. Explore definitions and examples of constitutional law in establishing the federal government, judicial review, the Supremacy Clause, and the Bill of Rights.

Standard of Proof in Law: Definition & Cases

7. Standard of Proof in Law: Definition & Cases

Standard of proof refers to the amount of evidence required to prove a legal claim or assertion. This lesson will introduce you to the different standards of proof and some of the cases associated with those standards.

Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases

8. Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases

The American common law system is based on the doctrines of stare decisis and precedent. Learn about the stare decisis doctrine (through definitions and example cases), citing precedent in a court of law (state & U.S. Supreme Court), the difference between precedent and stare decisis, and two landmark court cases in which the U.S. Supreme Court did not follow precedent.

Precedent: Definition, Law & Examples

9. Precedent: Definition, Law & Examples

Precedent allows courts to look to prior interpretations of the same or similar law to make determinations on a current case. Learn the definition and benefits of legal precedent, and examine an example of how precedent is applied in a case.

Long Arm Statute: Definition & Example

10. Long Arm Statute: Definition & Example

The long arm statute allows courts to hear cases and have jurisdiction over defendants located in other states, depending on the satisfaction of the minimal contact rule. Learn more about the long arm statute by exploring the landmark case of Int'l Shoe Co. v. State of Washington.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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