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Ch 26: Life in Antebellum America - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Use the lessons in this chapter to develop your understanding of life in antebellum America. Through the process of reviewing the content of these lessons, you will be better prepared for the history questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test.

Life in Antebellum America: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter will focus on the cultural and economic aspects of life in both the northern and southern regions of the United States in the years leading up to the Civil War. The videos will cover the following content, on which you may be tested during the exam:

  • Developments in American literature, culture, and art
  • 19th century social reform
  • Progress in American transportation
  • The Commercial Revolution in the North
  • Urbanization problems in the northern United States
  • The ordered society and culture of the South
  • American slave trade
  • Significant figures in the abolitionist movement

To best utilize these lessons in preparation for the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science test, read the transcripts that correspond to the videos. Make note of the highlighted vocabulary words and take each lesson's interactive quizzes to best determine how well you grasp the information.

Life in Antebellum America: ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Chapter Objectives

The ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam is meant for educators who wish to become licensed to teach the social sciences. Fifty percent of the 150 multiple-choice questions on this test fall under the history domain. One of this domain's many objectives is to gauge your understanding of significant developments in United States history between 1789 and 1877. This chapter will refresh your knowledge of the spread of slavery, reform movements, cultural developments in the United States and other facets of American history on which the exam may test you. Reviewing this historical content in this manner will help develop your confidence as you go into the test.

8 Lessons in Chapter 26: Life in Antebellum America - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
American Renaissance: Uniquely American Art, Literature and Culture

1. American Renaissance: Uniquely American Art, Literature and Culture

America began creating its own distinct culture in the 1800s. Learn about popular trends in art, literature, and pop culture in the antebellum era. Also, learn how religion and utopian communes changed the way some Americans lived.

Reform Movements of the 19th Century

2. Reform Movements of the 19th Century

Inspired by the Second Great Awakening and Transcendentalism, Americans started a number of social reform movements in the antebellum era, including the fight against alcohol and slavery, as well as the fight for public schools, humane prisons and asylums, and women's rights.

The Transportation Revolution: Turnpikes to Steamboats to Railroads

3. The Transportation Revolution: Turnpikes to Steamboats to Railroads

In the half-century before the Civil War, America experienced a transportation revolution that improved the way people and goods crossed the nation, opened up new areas for settlement and altered the centers of economic power.

Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

4. Economic Developments in the North: A Commercial Revolution

In the Antebellum Era, the Northern part of the United States was revolutionized by a series of innovations, triggering a shift from an agricultural to a commercial economy. These economic changes sharpened the differences between North and South.

Problems of Urbanization and Daily Life in the North

5. Problems of Urbanization and Daily Life in the North

In the antebellum years, American cities grew. Find out why and what it was like to live in New York, Philadelphia and other Northern cities in the middle of the 19th century.

Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States

6. Life in the South: Ordered Society and Economy of the Southern States

While the North was urbanizing and industrializing, the South became more committed to its rural, leisurely lifestyle and its agricultural economy built on slave labor. Limited industry did exist, but cotton was king!

Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response

7. Slavery in America: Cotton, Slave Trade and the Southern Response

The United Sates was conceived on the idea of freedom and the rights of all people, but early on, an institution took hold that was the exact opposite of that idea. In this lesson, find out the roots of slavery in the States, how it took hold, how slaves lived, and how they resisted the bonds of slavery.

Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery

8. Abolitionist Movement: Important Figures in the Fight to End Slavery

The abolitionist movement spanned decades. Although slavery did not end peacefully, great Americans like William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and Harriet Beecher Stowe were some of the driving forces behind the anti-slavery movement.

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