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Ch 6: Literacy Instruction in Early Childhood

About This Chapter

Use these video lessons to review strategies for teaching literacy in the early childhood grades. Discover methods for developing reading skills and selecting literature for children.

Literacy Instruction in Early Childhood - Chapter Summary

This chapter's lessons outline methods for teaching reading, including how to understand words by their relationships and determine word meaning by looking at affixes and roots. You'll also look at strategies for vocabulary building. See what is meant by scaffolding reading instruction, and get information on using visualization and other teaching methods for reading comprehension.

Our instructors spend time discussing how children's books can help with developing reading skills. You'll get an overview of the history of children's literature and learn about common themes. After watching all these lessons, you should be able to:

  • Create and execute plans for teaching reading
  • Understand words by their relationships
  • Find word meaning through context or affixes and roots
  • Assess sight word automaticity
  • Detail ways children's literature promotes the development of reading skills
  • Explain how to draw conclusions and make predecitions from a reading selection
  • Use visualization as a reading strategy
  • Develop classroom activities for responding to literature

These brief lessons can be reviewed on a computer or mobile device. The quizzes that follow them can help you assess your knowledge and determine what areas require additional review.

15 Lessons in Chapter 6: Literacy Instruction in Early Childhood
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
How to Teach Reading: Planning and Execution

1. How to Teach Reading: Planning and Execution

Feeling overwhelmed with the immensity of teaching reading comprehension? Watch this video lesson to learn four easy steps to plan and execute reading lessons.

How to Teach Vocabulary Words

2. How to Teach Vocabulary Words

Without a rich vocabulary, students have little foundation to understand what they are reading. This lesson highlights vocabulary strategies that can be used to develop student vocabulary skills in elementary, middle and high school.

Spelling: Words That Sound Alike (Homonyms & Homophones)

3. Spelling: Words That Sound Alike (Homonyms & Homophones)

Watch this lesson to learn to differentiate between words that sound alike but may be spelled differently. We'll specifically look at homonyms, homographs, and homophones.

Understanding Words By Their Relationships

4. Understanding Words By Their Relationships

Many words in the English language have multiple meanings. To really understand a word, we have to understand the relationship between particular words. In this lesson, we will examine this through connotations, denotations, synonyms, and analogies.

Using Affixes and Roots to Find the Meaning of Words

5. Using Affixes and Roots to Find the Meaning of Words

In this lesson, we will learn how to understand the meaning of words by breaking them down into the parts that form them. This requires knowledge of the Greek and Latin roots, and affixes, which are parts we add to roots to make new words.

Promoting & Assessing Sight Word Automaticity

6. Promoting & Assessing Sight Word Automaticity

One of the most important ways to help emergent readers gain in competence and fluency is by promoting their awareness of sight words. In this lesson, learn how to assess students' knowledge of sight words and how to promote development of automaticity.

How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words

7. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words

With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.

How Children's Books Facilitate Reading Development

8. How Children's Books Facilitate Reading Development

When learning to read, it's important for children to, well, read. Sounds simple, right? Not so fast. The right book can make all the difference between a positive and frustrating experience. This lesson outlines how books help children learn to read and offers a guide to finding that perfect text.

What is Children's Literature? - History, Themes & Examples

9. What is Children's Literature? - History, Themes & Examples

In this lesson, you will learn about children's literature, the only genre defined by its audience, through a discussion of its history and themes, while also taking at look at some representative examples.

How to Teach Reading Comprehension

10. How to Teach Reading Comprehension

Teaching reading comprehension requires instilling in the learner the use of several strategies and skills. This lesson will focus on cognitive skills and notation strategies that will enhance reading comprehension.

Drawing Conclusions from a Reading Selection

11. Drawing Conclusions from a Reading Selection

When someone drops hints, we're able to draw conclusions about what they're really trying to say. Similarly, as readers, we use clues to draw conclusions from texts. This lesson explains how to draw conclusions and how to teach this important skill.

How to Make Predictions Based on Information from a Reading Selection

12. How to Make Predictions Based on Information from a Reading Selection

Making predictions when reading is an important reading comprehension strategy. In this lesson, we will discuss why it is important and how to model and practice it.

Strategies for Scaffolding Reading Instruction

13. Strategies for Scaffolding Reading Instruction

Ever heard the phrase 'reading is the gateway to all learning'? Reading is one of the areas targeted by most states for assessment because it not only is a critical area in academics, but also an area where most students were not showing gains. This lesson will highlight strategies to help struggling readers develop skills to be successful in the classroom.

Reading Strategies Using Visualization

14. Reading Strategies Using Visualization

In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.

Strategies & Activities for Responding to Literature

15. Strategies & Activities for Responding to Literature

A piece of literature can be a daunting task for some students. This lesson gives a few strategies for having your students respond to literature in relatable and applicable ways.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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