About This Chapter
Literary Structure & Elements for Comprehension - Chapter Summary
To gain full comprehension of the material one is reading, it is important to first examine the organizational structure of the piece and identify key literary elements. Determining the setting, theme and plot are necessary in providing the text with context and meaning. The lessons in this chapter will help you refresh your knowledge of literary structure and the elements that assist with comprehension by illustrating ways to identify and analyze a text's:
- Organizational structure
- Problem and solution
- Cause and effect
- Plot and rising action
- Characters and setting
- Theme or main idea
Utilize the lesson quizzes after studying each section to ensure you are fully grasping and retaining the information covered. Take the more comprehensive chapter exam when you are ready to assess your understanding of all the key topics discussed throughout the chapter. Additional resources provided with this chapter include printable quiz worksheets and video transcripts, as well as access to expert instructors if you have any questions on the material.
1. Structure in Literature: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will learn exactly what is meant by structure of literature. Some common methods of organization are provided. The main focus will explore the narrative structure of literature, using the popular story of Cinderella to help understand the various elements associated with this structure.
2. Identifying the Organization in a Reading Selection
Nonfiction texts can be organized in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify which organizational structure is being used in a reading selection.
3. How to Identify the Problem and Solution in a Reading Selection
Informational texts can be arranged in a variety of ways. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to identify the problem/solution structure. We will look at key words used and an example that uses this format.
4. How to Find Cause and Effect in a Reading Selection
Cause and effect structures can be used to describe how an action takes place. This lesson will discuss how to find this structure within a reading selection.
5. How to Analyze Plot: Steps and Examples
In this lesson, we will discuss how to analyze a plot in three basic steps. We will take these three steps and break them down to understand how to analyze a plot by analyzing a fable.
6. Rising Action in a Story: Definition & Examples
Every story strives to keep the audience interested. In this lesson, we will take a look at how writers create drama and tension through developing the rising action of the plot.
7. How to Analyze Characters in Literature: Explanation and Examples
In this lesson, we will learn to analyze characters in literature by comprehending, interpreting and drawing conclusions about each character. We will look at a story to practice analyzing characters.
8. Setting in Literature: Definition, Importance & Examples
In this lesson, you'll review the important elements of a story. In particular, you'll learn about the components of the setting and its importance within the plot.
9. What is Theme in Literature? - Definition & Examples
Understanding a story's theme is critical to deciphering an author's message in a particular piece of writing. In this lesson, we will examine the idea of theme and look at some examples in actual literary works.
10. How to Find the Theme or Central Idea
In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify the theme or central idea of a text, and you'll get some specific examples of themes from famous stories.
11. Analyzing Theme Development in a Text: Characters, Setting & Plot
Once you can identify the plot, setting, characters, and theme of a story, there's still more to consider. In this lesson, you'll get a sense of how all four of those terms function together to have an effect on the reader.
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Other chapters within the TExES English Language Arts and Reading 4-8 (117): Practice & Study Guide course
- Oral Language Development & Instruction
- Teaching Listening & Speaking Skills
- Phonics & Phonological Awareness
- Supporting Emergent Literacy
- Reading Fluency & Comprehension
- Reading Strategies & Practice
- Promoting Literacy in the Classroom
- Literacy Assessments for Texas Educators
- Elements of Literature
- Interpreting Informational Texts & Data
- Understanding Nonfiction & Fiction Genres
- Elements & Genres of Dramatic Literature
- Analyzing & Interpreting Poetry
- Significant Authors, Poets & Literary Works
- Writing Mechanics & Conventions
- Spelling Rules in English
- Writing Instruction for Texas Educators
- Assessing Writing Skills
- Visual Media Literacy in the Texas Classroom
- Research Instruction for Texas Educators
- TExES English Language Arts and Reading 4-8 Flashcards