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- Define metaphor.
- Compare and contrast synecdoche and metonymy.
- Provide examples of paradoxes, clichés and equivocations.
- Take a look at examples of simile in literature.
- Differentiate between personification and apostrophe.
- List different types of irony.
- Describe the difference between illusion and allusion.
- Explore different examples of literary motifs.
- Name the different types of narrator in literature.
- Understand the different types of foreshadowing.
- Go over the history of catharsis in literature and drama.
- Explain the difference between understatement and litotes.
- Discuss examples of euphemism.
- Become familiar with literary terms used in poetry and prose.
- Learn about the major critics and movements of literary theory.
1. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
2. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples
Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.
3. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.
4. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
5. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.
6. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
7. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
8. What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about how writers use themes in works of literature as a way to explore universal ideas like love and war. You will also explore motifs, or repeating objects and ideas, which can contribute to theme.
9. Point of View: First, Second & Third Person
Just who is telling this story? In this lesson, we'll look at point of view, or the perspective from which a work is told. We'll review first person, second person and third person points of view.
10. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
11. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
12. What is Catharsis? - Definition, Examples & History in Literature and Drama
In this lesson, learn about catharsis, a purging of feelings that occurs when audiences have strong emotional reactions to a work of literature. Explore examples of literary works which lead to catharsis, including tragedies.
13. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.
14. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the different ways authors repeat consonant and vowel sounds in their literary works. Learn about how writers use repeated words and phrases with well-known examples.
15. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the use of understatement as a way to draw attention to a specific quality or to add humor. Learn about litotes, a specific form of understatement, and discover examples from literature.
16. Euphemism: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.
17. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.
18. Glossary of Literary Terms: Prose
The study of literature is a broad, diverse field. However, there's some general knowledge you should have before you dive in. Check out these terms to get a handle on the basics of prose study.
19. Glossary of Literary Terms: Poetry
Before you start your study of poetry, you'll want to have these technical, literary and genre terms at your disposal. Read on to learn the basics of analyzing poetry!
20. Introduction to Literary Theory: Major Critics and Movements
When you hear the word 'theory,' your mind probably darts to the sciences - the theory of relativity, the theory of gravity, etc. Did you know that literature, too, is full of theory? Check out this lesson to get a basic primer on just what literary theory is, and how you might apply it.
21. Overview of Literary Periods and Movements: A Historical Crash Course
When it comes to studying literature, there's about 1500 years of it to take in - and that's just in the English language! Fortunately, you can check out our crash course of key literary movements to see how the art form has developed over time.
22. Absurdity in Literature: Definition & Concept
Explore absurdity, or those experimental characteristics of literature that depict meaninglessness, through a comprehensive definition and a lesson with examples. Then, challenge your growing knowledge about the topic with a quiz.
23. Beast Fable: Definition & Examples
Singing mice, donkeys that stand on two legs, jealous pigs? Learn about the beast fable and the 6th-century slave who told entertaining stories with a moral lesson.
24. Defamiliarization in Literature: Definition & Examples
Take the chance to get more familiar with 'defamiliarization' in this lesson. Keep reading to find out more about this often confounding literary technique and to see it used in some famous novels.
25. Limerick: Definition, Rules & Examples
This lesson reviews closed-form poetry, specifically focusing on limericks. The limerick is defined and the structure is explained. Examples are given to illustrate the format.
26. What is Rhetoric? - Definition, Devices & Examples
If you don't read this lesson, you'll never understand what rhetoric means! That may or may not be true; it's probably just hyperbole. Read about the different definitions of rhetoric and some of its most popular means of persuasion.
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Other chapters within the 12th Grade English: Tutoring Solution course
- British Prose for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution
- British Poetry for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution
- British Plays for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution
- Works by African American Writers: Tutoring Solution
- American Prose for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution
- American Drama for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution
- Essay Writing for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution
- Using Source Materials: Tutoring Solution
- Conventions in Writing: Usage: Tutoring Solution
- Capitalization & Spelling: Tutoring Solution
- Elements of Grammar: Tutoring Solution
- Usage: Tutoring Solution
- Punctuation in Writing: Tutoring Solution
- Linking Texts and Media for 12th Grade: Tutoring Solution