About This Chapter
LSAT: Logical Reasoning - Chapter Summary
Let our subject-matter experts help you as you get ready to take the LSAT. In this chapter, you will review samples of logical reasoning questions, logical fallacy, and reasoning by analogy. Additionally, these lessons are intended to assist you in answering LSAT questions on lesson topics like:
- Strategies for approaching LSAT logical reasoning questions
- The process of logical thinking
- Steps and tips for formal logic problem solving
- Common patterns of deductive and inductive reasoning
- Parts of an argument and constructing an argument from the premise to conclusion
- Analyzing an argument's effectiveness and validity and drawing conclusions
- How to identify misunderstandings and points of contention
- Methods for detecting assumption in arguments
Our lesson instructors created these short lessons to get you up to speed on logical reasoning. Each lesson features a self-assessment quiz that can be used at lesson end to verify your understanding of the material covered. We include a handy feature that allows you to submit a question to a Study.com expert if you need any extra assistance. Track your progress on this chapter on your dashboard.
1. Logical Reasoning Questions on the LSAT
Not to be confused with the Analytical Reasoning section (as it's sometimes referred to as the Logic Games section), Logical Reasoning is all about parsing arguments and demonstrating the skills of critical evaluation that are necessary for success in the field of law. Read on for more details and tips about this lengthy portion of the exam.
2. Logical Thinking: Definition & Process
Logical thinking is a process of clearly moving from one related thought to another. In this lesson, you will examine the definition and process of logical thinking, and then you'll get to test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. Logical Fallacy: Definition & Examples
This lesson will introduce you to the logical fallacy and explain how it works in an argument. We'll also discuss examples of common fallacies and the importance of identifying and avoiding them in effective arguments. Then test your knowledge with a quiz.
4. Common Patterns of Deductive Reasoning
In this lesson, you'll explore how some conclusions can be drawn with certainty. Learn about this type of logic through examples and a quiz, to check if you can match arguments to the patterns they use.
5. Common Patterns of Inductive Reasoning
In this lesson, you'll find out what type of arguments we use just to get through everyday life. We will explore the variety of ways inductive arguments determine what is most likely, and probable.
6. Reasoning By Analogy: Definition & Examples
Reasoning by analogy is a great way to help persuade, explain, and understand new ideas or concepts. The use of analogies in law is done through appeal to precedent, where old cases are applied to new ones in order to apply the law consistently.
7. Argument Structure: From Premise to Conclusion
In this lesson, consider examples of an argument, as the term is understood in philosophy. You'll learn how to create appropriate premises and how this influences how likely it is for a listener to accept your conclusion.
8. Parts of An Argument: Claims, Counterclaims, Reasons, and Evidence
To effectively write an argument, you need to know the four basic parts. In this lesson, you will learn the definitions of the four basic parts and why you need them in an argument.
9. How to Analyze an Argument's Effectiveness & Validity
In this lesson, we will learn how to analyze an argument. We will pay close attention to the parts of an argument and the questions we must ask about each of those parts in order to determine the argument's effectiveness and validity.
10. Drawing Conclusions From an Argument
In this lesson, learn about the different ways you can draw conclusions. Learn how each one applies in the criminal justice environment and then experience scenarios that include the different ways to draw a conclusion.
11. Recognizing Misunderstandings & Points of Disagreement
In this lesson, you will learn why misunderstandings occur and how to identify them. This lesson will also cover the different areas where people are most likely to have disagreements.
12. Detecting Assumptions in Arguments
This lesson covers how to determine if an argument has been made based off of assumptions. It will also cover what needs to be done in order to make an argument valid. Multiple examples of assumptive argruments are provided, along with their re-structured arguments.
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