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Lyndon B. Johnson and the Vietnam War - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Watch this chapter's video lessons to learn how Johnson's administration escalated U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Our experienced instructors can help you examine events factoring into this decision and sort through the sometimes confusing alliances between forces fighting in North and South Vietnam. By the end of this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:
- Leadership changes in South Vietnam
- Consequences of the Gulf of Tonkin crisis
- Significant U.S. air and ground campaigns
- North Vietnamese and U.S. military tactics
- American responses to the war at home
|Gulf of Tonkin Crisis and Resolution: Events and Congressional Response||Unravel the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin crisis and explain the subsequent congressional resolution in response to these events.|
|A Revolving Door of Leadership in South Vietnam||Develop an understanding of the fluid and often questionable leadership in South Vietnam following the Diem assassination.|
|The Air War: Events and Key Operations||Detail Operation Rolling Thunder as well as other Johnson-era air campaigns.|
|Johnson Americanizes the War in Vietnam||Learn about Johnson's decision in March of 1965 to introduce American combat troops to the war and further escalate U.S involvement in July. Outline his decision-making process from the time of Kennedy's death to July 1965.|
|Johnson's Military Strategies for American Success||Examine the military strategies and tactics for defeating North Vietnam, including Westmoreland's three phase strategy, search-and-destroy missions, body counts, pacification, the Combined Action Program, the draft and more.|
|Opposition to the Vietnam War, 1965-1968||Analyze the first wave of American dissent against the war in Vietnam.|
|People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front||Identify the leadership and tactics of the People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN) and the National Liberation Front (NLF), also known as the Viet Cong.|
1. Lyndon B. Johnson and the Vietnam War: Learning Objectives & Activities
Use the lessons in this chapter to understand President Lyndon B. Johnson's strategies related to the Vietnam War. Then apply your knowledge to the key questions and learning activities below.
2. Gulf of Tonkin Crisis and Resolution: Events and Congressional Response
The Gulf of Tonkin Crisis brought the United States closer to war with North Vietnam. Learn about the event, the United States' response and its impact on broadening the Vietnam War in this lesson.
3. Primary Source: Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
The Gulf of Tonkin Incident drew the United States into the Vietnam War in 1964. President Lyndon Baines Johnson greatly increased American participation by creating a resolution that easily passed through Congress.
4. A Revolving Door of Leadership in South Vietnam
Following the loss of Ngo Dinh Diem, the United States faced a cycle of leadership changes in South Vietnam. Learn about the revolving leadership and how it impacted the United States' effort in the Vietnam War in this lesson.
5. The Air War: Events and Key Operations
The United States fought a two-front war in Vietnam consisting of both air and ground operations. Learn about the American air war in Vietnam, including its overall objectives, main operations and successes and failures in this lesson.
6. Johnson Americanizes the War in Vietnam
The path toward the full Americanization of the Vietnam War was a gradual process. Learn about President Lyndon B. Johnson's initial strategy, his response to North Vietnam and his decision for escalation in this video lesson.
7. Johnson's Military Strategies for American Success
From 1965 to 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson was forced to develop military strategies for ensuring success for the United States in the Vietnam War. Learn about how Johnson expected to defeat North Vietnam in this lesson.
8. Opposition to the Vietnam War, 1965-1968
The antiwar movement from 1965 to 1968 was the first wave of American dissent against the Vietnam War. Learn about the movement, including its leadership, organizations, and impact on President Lyndon B. Johnson in this lesson.
9. People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front
The People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front represented North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. This lesson will focus on the overall ideology, the respective operations of the groups and the tactics employed against the United States.
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Other chapters within the History 108: History of the Vietnam War course