About This Chapter
Major Figures in U.S. History from the Precontact Period-1789 - Chapter Summary
While studying these lessons, you can increase your knowledge of major figures in U.S. history from the recontact period to 1789. Our educators review facts about individuals like James Oglethorpe, George Washington, Daniel Boone, Samuel Adams, and Thomas Paine. This chapter can also help you better understand Anne Hutchinson's famous trial in Massachusetts. After reviewing the lessons, you should be ready to do the following:
- Discuss early American writers who influenced politics and literature
- Explain why Anne Hutchinson was banished from the colony
- Detail how William Penn became a key figure in the New World
- Recall how Thomas Jefferson helped to secure American independence
- Explain how Pontiac's Rebellion was handled
- Detail the legacy of Benjamin Banneker
- Discuss the impact that James Madison had on the American Revolution
- Relate the influence that Abigail Adams had on President John Adams
The lessons in this chapter can help you quickly get up to speed on these major figures in U.S. history. In the video transcripts and text lessons, you'll find key vocabulary words highlighted in bold print for easy reference and review. If you get stuck on a topic, you can submit questions to our instructors.
1. Early American Writers: John Smith, John Winthrop & Roger Williams
John Smith, John Winthrop, and Roger Williams were early American settlers who influenced the politics and literature of the colonies. In this lesson, we'll look closer at each of these men and their important writings.
2. Trial of Anne Hutchinson: History, Significance & Timeline
This lesson discusses Anne Hutchinson and her famous trial in Massachusetts. Learn more about the religious beliefs that led to Hutchinson's banishment from the colony, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
3. William Penn: History, Facts & Biography
Meet William Penn, the founder of the Pennsylvania Colony and a leader in the Quaker religion. Discover how the young man from a prestigious family became an important figure in the New World.
4. James Oglethorpe: Facts & Biography
James Oglethorpe was a British philanthropist who was one of the founders of the colony of Georgia. He also served in Parliament and was an officer in the British army.
5. George Washington: Presidency & Facts
In this lesson, we will discuss how George Washington, the first president of the United States, helped shape the office of president. Learn more about how Washington set the stage for future presidents and test your knowledge with a quiz.
6. Thomas Jefferson's Role in the Revolutionary War
In this lesson, we will learn about the role Thomas Jefferson played in the Revolutionary War. We will highlight his activity as a revolutionary leader in Virginia, and we will understand how he helped to secure American independence.
7. The Impact of Pontiac's Rebellion
Pontiac's Rebellion occurred when tensions between the various peoples living around the British colonies in North America snapped. In this lesson, we'll explore this volatile moment and see how it was handled by all involved.
8. Daniel Boone: Biography, Facts & Timeline
In this lesson, we will learn about the life of Daniel Boone. We will highlight key facts about his life, and learn why he was an important figure in American history.
9. Benjamin Banneker: Biography, Facts & Inventions
Learn about the great African American scientist, mathematician, and inventor, Benjamin Banneker. His life, career, and legacy are a testament to the great mental improvement one can achieve.
10. Samuel Adams: Biography, Facts & History
The patriots needed someone radical, like Samuel Adams, when tensions with England were rising. Read more about this revolutionary with a rebellious nature was one of the major factors in the United States becoming an independent nation.
11. Who Was Thomas Paine? - Pamphlets & Facts
This lesson discusses Thomas Paine and two of the most important pamphlets of the Revolutionary Era. Learn more about Paine's life and the influence of his writing, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
12. James Madison in the American Revolution
James Madison was the nation's fourth president, but before that he had played his own role in the Revolution. In this lesson, we'll explore this history, and see what impact Madison had on the war that established American freedom.
13. Abigail Adams: Biography, Facts & Accomplishments
Abigail Adams was the wife of President John Adams and the mother of John Quincy Adams. She proved to be much more than a figure head first lady, as she had great influence with President Adams.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the NES Social Science (303): Practice & Study Guide course
- Reading & Research Skills
- Historiography & World History
- Early Civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia & the Near East
- The Legacy of Ancient Greece & Rome
- Early Indian Civilization
- Early Chinese Civilization
- Ancient Japan & Southeast Asia
- Early Civilizations in Africa & the Americas
- The Spread of Islam & The Byzantine Empire
- Europe after the Decline of the Roman Empire
- Overview of Global Religions
- The European Renaissance & Protestant Reformation
- The Scientific Revolution & the European Enlightenment
- European Expansion from 1450-1650
- Industrialization in Europe
- Major Political Developments from 1350-1871
- Impacts of European Imperialism
- Causes & Consequences of World War I
- Causes & Consequences of World War II
- Causes & Consequences of the Cold War
- Developments in East Asia, Latin America, Africa & the Middle East since 1945
- Changes in Europe after World War II
- Contemporary Global Challenges
- The Precontact Period & Settling North America
- Causes & Consequences of the American Revolution
- The Evolution of National & State Governments
- Political & Constitutional Developments from 1789-1877
- Westward Expansion, Economic Growth & U.S. Foreign Relations from 1789-1877
- Major Antebellum Reform Movements & Key Reformers
- Sectionalism & the American Civil War
- The Reconstruction Period
- Settlement of the Trans-Mississippi West
- The Growth of the Industrial Economy in the U.S.
- The American Progressive Era
- American Imperialism & Rise to International Power
- The 1920s in the U.S.
- Causes & Effects of the Great Depression
- U.S. Foreign Policy since World War II
- Major U.S. Political Events & Developments since 1945
- U.S. Economic Developments since 1946
- Major U.S. Social Developments since 1945
- Major Social & Political U.S. Movements During the Postwar Period
- Basic Geographic Terms & Concepts
- Geographic Reference Sources, Tools & Technologies
- Physical Features of the Earth
- Characteristics of World Geography
- Elements of Weather & Climate
- Human Societies & the Environment
- Characteristics of Human Systems
- Basic Political Science Terms & Concepts
- Political Theorists & Figures in Political Science
- Systems of Government
- Key Political Documents
- Significance of Landmark U.S. Supreme Court Decisions
- U.S. Electoral System & Political Process Participation
- U.S. Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities
- Levels of U.S. Government
- Basic Economic Terms & Concepts
- Microeconomics Concepts & Laws
- Interpreting Economic Information
- Operation of Business Firms
- Fundamentals of Consumer Economics
- Fundamentals of Personal Finance
- Economic Institutions & Groups
- Unemployment, Inflation & Deflation
- NES Social Science Flashcards