About This Chapter
Major Philosophies of Education - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Through the years, various theories of education have fallen in and out of favor. Learn about the roots of major educational philosophies, including such 'isms' as constructivism, pragmatism and humanism, along with critical theory and information processing theory. This chapter will not only help you explore how each theory evolved, but also broaden your understanding by allowing you to see examples of how each philosophy might be used in the classroom. Upon completion of this chapter, you should be able to identify the following:
- Nearly a dozen widely-held educational philosophies
- Thomas Jefferson's role in education
- Teaching techniques to match each educational philosophy
|Behaviorism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explain behaviorism and offer several examples of related teaching methods.|
|Constructivism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Discuss constructivism and share a few classroom ideas that teachers might put to use.|
|Critical Theory: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explore critical theory and offer some examples of related instructional methods.|
|Humanism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explain humanism and share several classroom ideas that teachers could possibly use.|
|Information Processing Theory: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Discuss information processing theory and put forth some applications for classroom teachers.|
|Jeffersonianism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explore Thomas Jefferson's philosophy of education and give some practical examples for educators.|
|Pragmatism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explain pragmatism and offer several examples of related teaching methods.|
|Perennialism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Discuss perennialism and share pertinent classroom examples for educators.|
|Progressivism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explore progressivism and give examples of how this may be demonstrated with students.|
|Realism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples||Explain realism and document how this philosophy might be exemplified in the classroom.|
1. Behaviorism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
How can teachers use rewards and punishments to guide student behavior and learning? In this lesson, we will look at how behaviorism applies to the classroom, including the concepts of reinforcement, punishment, and extinction.
2. Constructivism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
Learning through real-world experiences with others allows students to grow and understand things more easily. In this lesson, we'll examine constructivism in depth, including social learning, the zone of proximal development, and project-based learning.
3. Critical Theory: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
Just because things have always been viewed a certain way, doesn't mean that way is correct. In this lesson, we'll explore critical theory and how teachers can open their classrooms up to offer everyone a chance at success.
4. Humanism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
How can you get students to live up to their potential? In this lesson, we'll explore humanism and some practical applications of it for the classroom, including how self-directed learning and self-evaluation can lead to lifelong learners.
5. Information Processing Theory: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
How does information make its way to memory? How do people learn? In this lesson, we'll examine the information processing theory of learning, including the process of memory, cognitive load, chunking, and automaticity.
6. Jeffersonianism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
Thomas Jefferson was a founding father whose ideals have impacted much of modern American life, hundreds of years after his life. In this lesson, we'll look at the legacy he left in the American education system, a philosophy known as Jeffersonianism.
7. Pragmatism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
There are many different ways to approach education. Watch this lesson to find out about one of them, pragmatism, and the way that it combines practical and experiential learning to offer students a chance to grow and learn.
8. Perennialism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
What should schools focus their curricula on? In this lesson, we'll examine perennialism, the philosophy of education that proposes that schools should focus on the classics and evergreen ideas, and we'll examine how teachers can design curricula based on this concept.
9. Progressivism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
How do students learn best? And how can teachers help students grow? In this lesson, we'll examine progressivism, including the way that education can focus on the whole child. We'll also discuss active learning and the scientific method.
10. Realism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
If a tree falls in a wood and no one hears it, does it make a sound? Find out what that classic riddle has to do with the Greek philosopher Aristotle and modern teaching methods in this lesson, which will cover educational realism.
11. Connectionism: Overview & Practical Teaching Examples
Ever notice how the sight of a piece of chocolate cake can make you drool? In this lesson, we'll look at why that is and how it can influence a person's learning as we explore connectionism and the three laws associated with it.
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