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Ch 3: Major Religions - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science

About This Chapter

Learn more about the historical development of major world religions through reviewing this chapter. These video lessons will help you prepare to answer history questions about religion on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam.

Major Religions - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter to develop your knowledge of the origins and belief systems of major religions throughout the world so you are ready to answer questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam. You will learn about the following subjects in this chapter's lessons:

  • Polytheism and monotheism
  • Hebrews, Judaism, and significant figures in the Jewish faith
  • The Exodus
  • Ancient Hebrews' movement in and out of Egypt
  • The Jewish diaspora
  • Hinduism, Confucianism, and Buddhism
  • Mohammed and Islam

As you view each video lesson, follow along with the typed transcripts and take note of key vocabulary words to learn. After each lesson, take the corresponding interactive quiz to see how well you grasp each topic so you can feel more confident as you prepare for the exam.

Major Religions - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science Chapter Objectives

The ORELA Middle Grades Social Science exam consists of roughly 150 multiple choice questions, 50% of which relate to the history field. One of the main objectives for the history-oriented questions is an understanding of the major world developments up to 1350 B.C.E., including an examination of the history and beliefs of key world religions. The lessons of this chapter will prepare you for questions of this nature by strengthening your knowledge of Judaism, Hinduism, Confucianism, Buddhism, Islam, and their origins.

9 Lessons in Chapter 3: Major Religions - ORELA Middle Grades Social Science
Polytheism & Monotheism in Religion: Many Gods vs. One God

1. Polytheism & Monotheism in Religion: Many Gods vs. One God

Many religions can be characterized as either polytheistic or monotheistic. This lesson teaches not only those concepts, but also how many of today's religious traditions fit into those definitions. After you've watched the video, test your new knowledge with our quiz questions!

Judaism: Origins & Significance

2. Judaism: Origins & Significance

Judaism is one of the world's oldest religions, largely due to its ability to travel, but it has had an even greater influence on two other world religions, Christianity and Islam.

The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

3. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs

This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.

Key Figures in the Jewish Religion's History

4. Key Figures in the Jewish Religion's History

Major religious traditions don't just happen overnight. They take the input of many different people. This lesson looks at the roles of some of the most important people in Jewish history.

The Exodus & Other Movements of the Ancient Hebrew Peoples

5. The Exodus & Other Movements of the Ancient Hebrew Peoples

From its earliest days, Judaism was a religion on the move. Find out what allowed Jewish culture to survive in the face of numerous conquests over thousands of years.

Ancient Hebrews' Movement to & from Egypt

6. Ancient Hebrews' Movement to & from Egypt

The Israelites may have been invited to Egypt under the best of circumstances, but left under some of the worst in history. This lesson explains both, as well as how the Israelites' religion became so durable in the face of such movement.

The Jewish Diaspora in the Ancient World

7. The Jewish Diaspora in the Ancient World

Though a defining moment in Jewish history, the Diaspora in the Ancient World was something that Judaism had spent hundreds of years preparing for in order to ensure its survival.

Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

8. Nontheism: Hinduism, Buddhism & Confucianism

Not all religions focus on the belief (or disbelief) in a particular deity. In this lesson, we define nontheism and discuss the ideologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.

Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

9. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Social Science: Practice & Study Guide course

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