About This Chapter
Management Styles and Theory - Chapter Summary
This chapter fleshes out various ideologies and methods of employee management. It will going over the following topics in a thorough yet time-efficient manner:
- History and theory of neoclassical approach to management
- Employee behavior
- Hawthorne effect and employee productivity
- Needs theory and employee motivation
- Theories X and Y
- Managerial decision making
- Managing operations
- Business as system
- Contingency and quality schools of management
Within each of these lessons you'll have the option of reviewing the material through a video or transcript of the content, depending on your personal learning preference. The videos feature a timeline function that allow you to navigate quickly and easily around the lesson's main points, while the transcripts include key terms and topics highlighted in bold.
1. Management Styles: Definition, Theory & Types
Different management styles are constantly rising and falling in popularity. In this lesson, you'll learn about some of the more prominent styles of management and the theory underlying each. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.
2. Neoclassical Theory of Management: The Human Relations Approach
In the early 1920s, a shift away from classical management theory took place as theorists began to consider the human side of an organization and the social needs of employees. In this lesson, you will learn about the evolution of the neoclassical theory of management and its two sources: the human relations movement and the behavioral management movement.
3. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
4. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
5. The Needs Theory: Motivating Employees with Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Hunger, thirst, security, friendship, respect and being all that you can be are just some of the things that motivate us to take action. This lesson helps us to further understand these needs and how they motivate behavior by showing where they fall in Maslow's hierarchy of needs.
6. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
7. Quantitative School of Management: Improving Managerial Decision-Making
In order to be effective, managers must make informed decisions. In this lesson, we will help you to understand how managers make decisions using data, models and statistics.
8. Systems Management Theory
Every business has to follow a process, and that process is the result of a system. The systems management theory focuses on systems and how they work and function within an organization.
9. Contingency School of Management
Companies must plan for the expected and the unexpected. In this lesson, we will talk about the contingency school of management and how that thought process and viewpoint helps companies to prepare for both the expected and unexpected.
10. Quality School of Management: Kaizen & Reengineering Approaches
All companies strive to improve and deliver a better product. That single thought is driven by the quality school of management. In this lesson, we will learn about that school of thought and how it evolved.
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Other chapters within the GACE Business Education (542): Practice & Study Guide course
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- Workplace Communication
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- Economic & Political Systems
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- Economic Indicators
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