About This Chapter
Who's It For?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering management theory material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about management theory. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the different schools of management or their applications in the workplace
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning business (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about management theory
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra business learning resources
How It Works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the management theory chapter exam.
Why It Works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the management theory chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any management theory question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students Will Review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a management theory unit of a standard business management course. Topics covered include:
- Classical management theory and its three branches
- The management principles of Henri Fayol
- Differences between formal and informal organizations
- Applications of the acceptance theory of authority
- Origins of neoclassical management theory
- The role of motivation in behavioral management theory
- Employee productivity and the Hawthorne effect
- Characteristics of theory x and theory y managers
- The quantitative, systems and contingency approaches to management
- The total quality management (TQM) process
1. Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition
It was the rise of the Industrial Revolution and factories were becoming more common. Inside these factories, managers were constantly looking for ways to improve productivity and efficiency. As time moved on, it became apparent that searching for the single best way to do things was the most important thing for managers to do. Thus, classical management theory was born. This lesson will discuss the evolution of classical management theory.
2. Classical Scientific School of Management
The scientific school of management focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently. This lesson will discuss the development of scientific management and how it is applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.
3. Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization
Even if a business knows what each of their individual workers ought to be doing, there may not be any overarching mission guiding their work. This lesson describes how the need to consider an entire organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.
4. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management
At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.
5. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization
Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.
6. Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory
Chester Barnard believed that formal organizations are made up of informal groups. These informal groups evolve to become the informal organization. The group's beliefs and values establish the organizational culture and determine, to a large extent, formal acceptance of authority.
7. Neoclassical Theory of Management: The Human Relations Approach
In the early 1920s, a shift away from classical management theory took place as theorists began to consider the human side of an organization and the social needs of employees. In this lesson, you will learn about the evolution of the neoclassical theory of management and its two sources: the human relations movement and the behavioral management movement.
8. Behavioral Management Theory: Understanding Employee Behavior & Motivation
Behavioral management theory was developed in response to the need to account for employee behavior and motivation. The shift moved management from a production orientation (classical leadership theory) to a leadership style focused on the workers' human need for work-related satisfaction and good working conditions.
9. The Hawthorne Effect: The Study of Employee Productivity
Does your behavior change when you think people are watching? This lesson describes the purpose and findings of the Hawthorne studies and their contribution to the practice of management.
10. Theory X & Theory Y: Two Types of Managers
Have you ever thought your boss despises you and all your co-workers? Or maybe you've lucked out and your superiors really encourage you to be yourself. This lesson describes the two types of managers you might have, Theory X and Theory Y. Find out how the idea of self-fulfilling prophecies affects employees actions according to Douglas McGregor.
11. Modern Theory of Management
Modern management theory has changed the way managers look at their jobs. Advancements and refinements in management theory and practice have enabled managers and managerial systems to evolve. In this lesson, we will look at modern management theories.
12. Quantitative School of Management: Improving Managerial Decision-Making
In order to be effective, managers must make informed decisions. In this lesson, we will help you to understand how managers make decisions using data, models and statistics.
13. Systems Management Theory
Every business has to follow a process, and that process is the result of a system. The systems management theory focuses on systems and how they work and function within an organization.
14. Quality School of Management: Kaizen & Reengineering Approaches
All companies strive to improve and deliver a better product. That single thought is driven by the quality school of management. In this lesson, we will learn about that school of thought and how it evolved.
15. What Are Core Values of a Company? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, core values of a company are defined and discussed with examples given from both the airline industry and the retail grocery industry. A quiz reinforces key concepts.
16. Systems Thinking in Management: Definition, Theory & Model
System thinking is an essential component of a learning organization. In this lesson, we will be exploring the definition of system thinking, its underlying theory, and model.
17. Theory Y Manager: Characteristics, Overview
There are many types of management styles. In this lesson, we will discuss Theory Y management, as well as its counterpart, Theory X management. We will also discuss one of the most successful approaches to managing people in the workplace.
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Other chapters within the Business Management: Help & Review course
- Introduction to Management: Help & Review
- Leadership Types and Styles: Help & Review
- Individual Decision Making
- Motivation Theory: Help & Review
- Strategic Management: Help & Review
- Human Resources Management: Help & Review
- Labor Relations: Help & Review
- Managerial Accounting: Help & Review
- International Business Management: Help & Review
- Business Ethics: Help & Review
- Tuition Reimbursement: Help & Review
- Using Kanban in Business Management: Help & Review
- Accounting Basics for Entrepreneurs
- Business Law for Entrepreneurs
- Contract Enforcement & Administration
- U.S. Labor Law in the Private Sector Post-1960
- HR Management
- Rights, Ethics & Employment