About This Chapter
Managing Organizational Environments - Chapter Summary
Feel confident in your understanding of ways to manage organizational environments using this chapter's fun lessons. Expert instructors closely examine systems management theory, the contingency approach of management and organizational change strategies of resource dependency. Review these and other management theories, approaches and strategies, and take short quizzes to test your comprehension. If you hit a snag or need additional details about the lessons, feel free to submit questions to our experts. When you're finished, you will be able to:
- List and describe modern management theories
- Differentiate between the quantitative, systems and contingency approaches to management
- Exhibit knowledge of systems management theory
- Explain how contingency theory and resource dependency theory are significant to organizational behavior
- Identify and discuss organizational change strategies of resource dependency
- Describe the relationship between the transaction cost paradigm and organizational decision-making
- Share the definition of Trist's sociotechnical systems (STS) theory
- Demonstrate an understanding of the population ecology paradigm in organizational environments
- Discuss Locke's goal-setting theory and how to use goals to advance motivation
1. Modern Theory of Management
Modern management theory has changed the way managers look at their jobs. Advancements and refinements in management theory and practice have enabled managers and managerial systems to evolve. In this lesson, we will look at modern management theories.
2. Quantitative Approach to Management: Definition & Methods
After World War II, analytical methods developed by the military during the war effort began to be used in business decision making. In this lesson, we'll walk through the quantitative approach to management and discuss when and how it is used today.
3. Systems Approach to Management: Theory & Concepts
Systems theory is one of the most prominent theories in management today. In this lesson, you will learn about the theory and its key components. You will also be given an opportunity to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.
4. Contingency Approach of Management: Definition & Example
The contingency approach to management holds that management techniques should be dependent upon the circumstances. In this lesson, you will learn what the contingency approach to management is and the key elements of contingency management.
5. Systems Management Theory
Every business has to follow a process, and that process is the result of a system. The systems management theory focuses on systems and how they work and function within an organization.
6. Contingency Theory: Definition and Significance to Organizational Behavior
The contingency theory focuses on specific situational factors that can affect the direct relationships between independent and dependent variables. The theory explains that there is not an exact science to organizational behavior.
7. Resource Dependency Theory: How External Resources Affect Organizational Behavior
Learn what resource dependency theory is, its common characteristics, and how the concept came about in this lesson. At the end, you'll better understand how resource dependency theory affects the way organizations interact with outside entities.
8. Organizational Change Strategies of Resource Dependency
Resource dependent organizations require the resources of other entities to perform their core functions. Since their core functions are dependent on others, these organizations must ensure they have taken steps to reduce uncertainty and risk associated with this reliance on the other partners.
9. Transaction Cost Paradigm & Organizational Decision-Making
What is a transaction cost paradigm? In this lesson, you'll learn how an organization decides whether to produce something in-house or to rely on other organizations for the materials it needs.
10. Sociotechnical Systems (STS) Theory
How do the social and technical aspects of a workplace function together? In this lesson, we'll talk about the theory of sociotechnical systems (STS), including organizational theorist Eric Trist's contribution.
11. Population Ecology Paradigm in Organizational Environments
Population ecology is a model that can help describe certain aspects of organizational behavior. Its most significant contribution is that it has predictive value in determining the chances of organizational survival.
12. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation
Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.
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Other chapters within the Business 323: Organizational Theory course
- Introduction to Organizational Theory
- History of Organizational Theory & Master Theorists
- Types of Organizational Structures
- Power in Organizations
- Managing Conflict in Organizations
- Understanding Leadership in Organizations
- Organizational Decision Making
- Types of Organizational Communication
- Organizational Performance & Recognizing the Need for Change
- Required Assignment for Business 323
- Studying for Business 323