About This Chapter
Marriage, Family, and Kinship - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Let our instructors illustrate some of the aspects of marriage you may already be familiar with alongside practices you might not have known existed, such as matrilocality residence rules and the exchange of bridewealth. Additional lessons cover divorce in different cultures and the characteristics of love relationships in late adulthood. We'll also help you sort out the differences between unilateral, bilateral, matrilinear, and patrilinear descent systems and the types of kinship with lessons on the following topics:
- Descent groups and systems
- Kinship types
- Family structures
- Functions of marriage
- Divorce and cohabitation
- The widowhood effect
|Love Relationships: Their Characteristics & How They Develop||Examine the extent to which love relationships vary from one culture to the next. Learn how these relationships mature over the long run.|
|Marriage: Choosing a Mate for Life||Determine which traits affect our choice of mate, and find out why couples marry.|
|Making the Decision to Have Children||Study issues couples take into consideration when deciding whether or not to have children. Get some examples of what life is like before and after having children.|
|Families: Nuclear and Extended||Learn the differences between nuclear, extended, conjugal, and natal families. Identify the family of procreation and the family of orientation.|
|Descent Groups||Outline the different types of descent groups. Examine matrilocality and patrilocality rules for married adults.|
|Lineal, Collateral, and Affinal Kinship||Study the connections between these three types of relatives.|
|Unilateral vs. Bilateral Descent||Recognize the significance of maternal and paternal relatives in unilateral and bilateral descent systems.|
|Matrilineal and Patrilineal Descent Systems||Examine descent systems in which kinship is traced through the mother or father.|
|Genealogical Kin Types||Find out how genealogical kin types, such as parent, sibling, child, and spouse, are used to describe an individual's genealogical relationships.|
|Incest and Exogamy||Differentiate between these two terms, and explore their relation to unilateral decent systems.|
|Bridewealth and Dowry in Marriage||Learn how dowries and bridewealth maintain alliances between descent groups. Identify characteristics of levirate and sororate marriages.|
|Plural Marriages||Survey conditions favoring the practice of polyandry and polygyny.|
|Cultural Differences in Divorce Rate and Reason||List factors affecting a culture's divorce rate. Learn how divorce differs from one culture to the next.|
|Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood||Explore characteristics of married relationships and cohabitation in late adulthood. Assess the impact of divorce during this stage of development.|
|Divorce, Remarriage, & the Reconstructed Family: Definition & Related Issues||Identify common reasons for divorce. Examine characteristics of reconstructed families.|
|Widowhood: The Experience of Widows and Widowers||Explore statistics describing the occurrence of widowhood. Learn about the widowhood effect.|
|Social Stratification||Examine the various forms and functions of social stratification.|
1. Love Relationships: Their Characteristics & How They Develop
Here we look at the development of love. What does it mean to be in a loving relationship? What are the steps that occur in every individual in entering one?
2. Mate Choice & Marriage: Factors in the Selection Process
This lesson will seek to explain the universals that pertain to marriage and choosing a mate for life. In doing this, it will highlight theories based on division of labor, prolonged infant dependency, and sexual competition.
3. Making the Decision to Have Children
In this lesson, I face one of my greatest fears: talking about having kids. We'll look at some points to consider, such as the costs and the way it changes a person's life. In addition, the idea of baby fever is also looked at.
4. Nuclear vs. Extended Family: Definitions & Structures
This lesson will seek to explain the variations in family residence that exist around the globe. In doing so, it will specifically highlight the patterns of nuclear and extended residence, while citing some reasons for both.
5. Patrilocality vs. Matrilocality Residency Rules Within Societies
This lesson will seek to explain the different patterns of residence found across the globe. In doing this, it will define the neolocal, patrilocal, matrilocal, bilocal, and avunculocal systems of residence.
6. Kinship Types: Lineal, Collateral & Affinal Kin
This lesson will seek to explain kinship variation that occurs around the globe. In doing so, it will highlight the terms lineal kin, collateral kin, and affinal kin.
7. Unilateral vs. Bilateral Descent: Definition & Variations
The lesson will seek to explain the different systems of family descent found around the globe. In doing so, it will define unilateral, bilateral, and ambilineal descent.
8. Matrilineal & Patrilineal Descent Systems
This lesson explores the differences between matrilineal and patrilineal descent systems. You'll also learn about unilineal descent and the concept of clans.
9. Genealogical Kin Types & Terminology
This lesson will seek to explain the different kinship systems that exist in the non-industrialized world. In doing so, it will highlight the concepts of clans, as well as phratries and moieties.
10. Incest, Endogamy & Exogamy: Definition & Examples
This lesson will seek to explain the different rules that govern the institution of marriage found across our world. In doing so, it will highlight the incest taboo, as well as the rules of exogamy and endogamy.
11. Bride Price, Dowry & Other Economic Marriage Customs
This lesson will seek to explain the concept of marriage as an economic transaction. In doing so, it will define the concepts of bride price, bride service, gift exchange, and dowries, which are used around the globe.
12. Plural Marriage vs. Monogamy: Definition & Types
This lesson will seek to explain plural marriage. In doing so, it will define polygyny, polyandry, and group marriage, while also giving examples from around the globe.
13. Cultural Differences in Divorce Rate and Reason
This lesson will explain the difference in divorce rates due to cultural variation. In doing so, it will highlight modernization and kinship patterns as traits that may affect divorce rates. It will also discuss arranged marriages.
14. Divorce, Marriage, and Cohabitation in Late Adulthood
During later life, romantic partnerships are different from partnerships in earlier life. Watch this lesson to find out more about marriage, cohabitation, remarriage, and divorce in later life, including their unique benefits and challenges.
15. Divorce, Remarriage & the Reconstructed Family: Definition & Related Issues
Here we will examine what divorce is, some of the stats behind it, and some of the reasons for it. Following a divorce is the possibility of remarrying and blending the families together, which we will explore as well.
16. Widowhood: The Experience of Widows and Widowers
Here we examine what it means to be a widow or widower, as well as some of the statistics of how common it is. We finish off by looking at the occasionally mentioned 'widowhood effect.'
17. Social Status: Caste vs. Class and Social Stratification
Social hierarchies exist in all societies and cultures. In this lesson, we define social stratification and its characteristics. We also discuss the difference between open and closed systems, including what differentiates a caste from a class.
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Other chapters within the Anthropology 101: General Anthropology course
- Introduction to Anthropology
- Theoretical Perspectives of Anthropology
- The Molecular and Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
- Transmission/Mendelian Genetics
- Population Genetics and Evolution
- DNA Damage, Mutation, and Repair
- Physical Anthropology
- Geologic Time and Anthropology
- Archaeology and Anthropology
- The Origin and Dispersal of Humans and Culture
- Effects of Population on the Environment
- Domestication of Plants and Animals
- Ethnicity and Geography
- Geography of Land Resources
- The Nature of Culture
- Art and Anthropology
- Language and Communication
- Spatial Processes
- Settlement Patterns
- Societies in Anthropology
- Economic Systems
- Political Organization
- Modernization and Application of Anthropology