# Ch 4: Math Basics for Elementary School

### About This Chapter

## Math Basics for Elementary School - Chapter Summary

Use this chapter to help reinforce basic math concepts as your elementary school students learn about telling time, counting money and solving logic problems, among other concepts. These lessons include fun ideas for math-related games and opportunities to practice what they've learned through lesson quizzes. Each lesson is brief but engaging to keep students' attention.

## Who It's For

Kids who need extra help with math basics will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There's no faster or easier way to learn about basic math concepts.

- Students who have fallen behind in understanding basic mathematical concepts
- Students with learning disabilities or need a little extra help learning about math basics
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning math (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient and convenient way to learn about math basics
- Students who struggle to understand their math teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra math resources

## How It Works

- Find lessons in the chapter that cover the specific basic math concept your student needs to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson with your student or read through the text lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts and highlighted vocabulary words to reinforce learning of these basic math concepts.
- Test your student's understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify your student understands math basics by completing the Math Basics for Elementary School chapter exam.

### 1. Subtraction: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, we'll discuss subtraction and the importance of this mathematical operation. You'll learn the steps of subtraction and learn how to borrow during subtraction. Then, test your knowledge with a short quiz!

### 2. Expanded Form: Lesson for Kids

A number can mean more than you'd expect just by looking at it. A good mathematician knows how to unlock this meaning by using expanded form, which we'll cover in this lesson.

### 3. Logic Problems: Lesson for Kids

Do you enjoy riddles and puzzles? Well, logic problems might just be right up your alley! Come and learn what a logic problem is, general solving tips and let's walk through some examples together.

### 4. How to Do Long Multiplication: Lesson for Kids

Did you know that a math problem that looks complex can be simple if you follow a step-by-step process for solving it? In this lesson, you will be introduced to long multiplication of two digit numbers by using an array.

### 5. What is Multiplication? - Lesson for Kids

In this lesson we will unwrap the ~'magic~' of multiplication and apply what we know about adding to multiplying. We will look at times in real life when multiplication will come in handy!

### 6. Addition: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, we will discuss addition, a basic operation of math. You will learn what addition is, how to set up and work through an addition problem, and how to use regrouping for more complicated addition problems.

### 7. Multiplication Properties Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, we'll discuss multiplications properties. You'll learn about the four properties of multiplication and how they work, then you can test your knowledge with a quick quiz.

### 8. Math Card Games for Kids

Use these fun card games to help students learn about math. You can check out this article to get directions and to find helpful resources for your class.

### 9. Telling Time: Activities & Games for Kids

Learning to tell time can be daunting for kids, but as an instructor, you can create all sorts of fun activities to help engage your young students. Take a look at these playful activities, games, and lessons that will build an exciting learning atmosphere for your students.

### 10. Telling Time: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn the parts of a clock face and the basics of telling time. When you read a clock, you use the building blocks of the hour and half hour to tell time.

### 11. Counting Money: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you will learn the values of four of the most commonly used American coins and how to add them together in order to count money. An example will also be given that will walk you through the process of counting mixed change.

### 12. Telling Time to the Minute: Lesson for Kids

In this lesson, you'll review the parts of the clock and learn how to tell time to the nearest minute. Then, you can practice your new skill with examples as well as a quiz.

### 13. Divisibility Rules for 10: Lesson for Kids

Learning how to divide can be a little challenging, but knowing some basic rules about dividing can help. In this lesson, you'll learn about the divisibility rules that apply to the number 10 while having fun with some real-life examples.

### 14. Divisibility Rules for 2: Lesson for Kids

When you share food with a friend, you are splitting or dividing it between the two of you. In this lesson, you will learn how to divide by two using a quick and simple rule.

### 15. Divisibility Rules for 5: Lesson for Kids

You use division more often than you realize. For example, when you share food with friends, split money with someone, or even slice a pizza, you're using division. In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize if a number is divisible by 5 simply by looking at it.

### 16. Division Lesson for Kids: Definition & Method

Traditionally people believed that they had to know how to multiply before they could divide, but there are more strategies. Strategies such as drawing pictures or using objects, skip counting, and subtracting are all ways we'll look at using in this lesson about division.

### 17. Long Division Steps: Lesson for Kids

This lesson shows the process for completing long division equations, which involves division, multiplication, and subtraction. We'll look at equations with and without remainders and equations.

### 18. Estimation: Lesson for Kids

Estimation is a useful tool for finding approximate answers to math equations. In this lesson, you can learn the rules for estimation and practice estimating money.

### 19. Lattice Method of Multiplication

Long multiplication can be... long! The good news is that there are different ways you can multiply numbers with two or more digits without the long multiplication model. In this lesson, we will discuss the lattice method and how it can be useful when multiplying multi-digit numbers.

### 20. What Are Different Ways to Multiply?

Did you know there is more than one way to multiply numbers? In this lesson, we'll talk about some different ways to multiply to help you find the one that is easiest for you.

### 21. Different Ways to Divide

Division can be challenging to do. Our objective is to learn multiple strategies to help you divide whole numbers. Read on to learn about different ways to divide.

### 22. What is a Theorem? - Definition & Examples

In this lesson, will learn the definition of a theorem. We will also go over the Pythagorean theorem and the triangle sum theorem. An example of each theorem in action will also be provided.

### 23. What is Subtraction with Regrouping?

In this lesson you will learn what regrouping means, why it is important, when it is needed in subtraction, and how to do it. You will get a chance to practice regrouping during the quiz.

### 24. How to Divide a Whole Number by a Decimal

This lesson will explain the extra steps we need to take to divide a whole number by a decimal. We will also go over why those extra steps work and we will look at some examples of carrying out this process.

### 25. What is Addition With Regrouping?

In this lesson, you will learn about how to use regrouping in addition. You will learn what regrouping is, how to regroup, and why it is important. Then, practice what you've learned with a quiz!

### 26. Finding the Missing Addend

In this lesson, you will learn how to find a missing addend. The process taught will show how to solve a problem using subtraction if only one addend and the sum are known.

### 27. Metric System vs. Imperial System

The imperial system and the metric system are two ways to measure weight, length, temperature, and liquid. One way is not better than the other, and they are not dependent on each other. In this lesson, you will learn the history of both and their differences.

### 28. History of the Metric System: Lesson for Kids

Did you know you can only run a mile in three countries, which are the only ones that use this unit of measurement? All of the other countries on our planet use the metric system, which you'll learn about in this lesson.

### 29. How Money is Made: Lesson for Kids

Do you ever get money for your birthday? Do you ever wonder where that money came from and how it was made? Keep reading to learn the answers to these questions and more!

### 30. What is the Chinese Multiplication Method?

Some people use their fingers to help them do multiplication. Some use x's or other marks. There is even a lattice method. However, the most interesting and easiest one seems to be the Chinese Method.

### 31. The Column Addition Method

In this lesson, we will learn how to add large numbers using a fun, simple method called the column addition method. We will first go over place values, and then we will learn this three-step method!

### 32. 4 Digit Subtraction with Regrouping

This lesson will cover 4 digit subtraction. We'll talk about the step by step process for solving these types of problems, including how you can use regrouping to help.

### 33. How to Multiply Using Expanded Form

In this lesson, you will learn what expanded form means, how to convert numbers into expanded form, steps to successfully complete expanded form multiplication, and will view example problems using expanded form multiplication.

### 34. How to Write Numbers in Expanded Form

Have you ever thought about how numbers are said and written? In this lesson, we will learn how to write numbers in expanded form so that you understand the value of each digit within the number.

### 35. Famous Mathematicians: Lesson for Kids

Math is an amazing subject to study! There have been many famous mathematicians throughout the centuries who have changed the way we look at numbers. In this lesson you'll learn about some of those famous individuals and their contribution to mathematics.

### 36. How to Write Decimals in Expanded Form

Decimals can be pretty confusing. In this lesson, you will learn the value of decimal places to the thousandths and how to write them in expanded form using decimals as well as fractions.

### 37. Length Lesson for Kids: Definition & Measurement

Both in math class and in real life, you'll work with many different types of measurement. In this lesson, you'll learn the definition of length, while practicing how to measure it using both standard and nonstandard units.

### 38. 4 Digit Addition with Regrouping

In this lesson, you'll learn about 4-digit addition, as well as about how and when to regroup. After working through a real-life example, you'll also have the chance to solve some 4-digit addition problems.

### 39. Expanded Notation Method for Division

In this lesson, you will learn the pattern of dividing, multiplying, and subtracting that makes up the expanded notation method for division. You will then use this method to solve some problems.

### 40. Expanded Notation Method for Multiplication

Expanded notation allows you to create simpler multiplication problems and add them together by breaking down one of the factors into smaller numbers. In this video, you'll learn how to use expanded notation and organize the information through the box method.

### 41. Multiplication & Division Fact Families

So you already know your multiplication facts, and you're having a hard time remembering your division facts? Well, in this lesson, you will learn how to use a fact family house to figure out the facts of the other operation - multiplication or division.

### 42. Addition & Subtraction Fact Families

The focus of this lesson is learning all about fact families that are addition and subtraction. By the end of the lesson, you will be able to figure out all the number sentences for addition and subtraction that belong to the fact family.

### 43. 4 Digit by 1 Digit Multiplication

In this lesson, you will learn how to do 4 digit by 1 digit multiplication. You will learn how to do these type of equations vertically and how to regroup.

### 44. Metric Conversions: Lesson for Kids

Whenever we want to measure how long something is, how much it weighs, or how much liquid we have, we can use the metric system to do it. But what happens if we need to convert between larger and smaller units? This lesson will show you how.

### 45. How to Divide by Double Digit Numbers

This lesson will teach us how to divide by double digit numbers. We will examine the steps involved with this process, and then we will practice the process with a real world application.

### 46. Two-Step Math Word Problems

You might be pretty comfortable solving math word problems with just one step, but have you tried a two-step problem? They're not as tough as you might think! This lesson will help you learn how to tackle those two-step word problems with ease!

### 47. How to Borrow in Math

After you learn to subtract, you will have experiences when you'll have to subtract two, or three-digit numbers using borrowing. In this lesson, we'll look at how to borrow using concrete objects, representational pictures, and abstract numbers.

### 48. Math Word Problems: Lesson for Kids

Once you've learned to add, subtract, multiply, and divide, the next step is learning how to apply those skills when solving word problems. This lesson will teach you how to recognize some of the different types of word problems.

### 49. How to Learn Times Tables

Multiplication is an important skill in math. Mastering multiplication usually begins with learning the times tables. In this lesson, you will review different strategies to help learn the times tables for multiplication facts.

### 50. The Box Method for Multiplication

Multiplication--even with big numbers--can be easy! With this lesson, you will learn how to multiply two- and three-digit numbers using a simple, easy technique called the box method for multiplication. With this method, you can multiply large numbers without all the usual steps involved!

### 51. 4 Digit by 2 Digit Multiplication

Multiplication plays a very important role in math. But, we wouldn't get very far if we only ever multiplied one digit numbers. In this lesson, we will learn how to multiply four digit numbers by two digit numbers. Don't worry, it is easier than it sounds!

### 52. What Does Equivalent Mean in Math?

Equivalent numbers are used to make different math problems easier to complete. In this lesson, you'll learn the meaning of equivalent numbers, as well as how to find some of your own.

### 53. 1st Grade Math Vocabulary: Lesson for Kids

Learning and understanding math isn't just dealing with numbers. You need to learn the words to describe the process you are doing. In this lesson, you will learn different types of math vocabulary words that can help you describe and understand all about math.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Math for Kids course

- Numbers for Elementary School
- Geometry for Elementary School
- Fractions for Elementary School
- Statistics for Elementary School
- Number Properties for Elementary School
- Algebra for Elementary School
- Math Patterns for Elementary School
- History of Math for Elementary School
- Math Terms for Elementary School
- Working with Numbers for Elementary School
- Types of Numbers for Elementary School
- Measurements for Elementary School
- Working with Data for Elementary School
- Representing Numbers for Elementary School
- Types of Data for Elementary School
- Math Strategies for Elementary School
- Fraction Operations for Elementary School
- Shapes for Elementary School
- Negative Numbers for Elementary School
- Decimals for Elementary School
- Lines & Angles for Elementary School
- Multiplication for Elementary School