About This Chapter
Math Foundations for Instruction - Chapter Summary
Performing the basics of math is a vital component of your teaching skills for children. The video lessons provided in this chapter will review basic mathematical skills that you will be teaching to young students. You can also review the characteristics of math development in young children and learn about assessment strategies to identify children who are having difficulties in math.
Some additional topics covered in this chapter include the following:
- Types of numbers
- Arithmetic problems with whole numbers
- The order of operations
- Solving basic measurements problems and taking measurements
- Geometric figures and constructions
- Reading graphs and charts
- Basic formulas for two and three dimensional geometric figures
- Math development in children
- Math assessment in early childhood
- Developmentally appropriate instruction
Each video is taught by an expert instructor who uses fun graphics and real-world examples to present key points. The timeline located below the each video lesson gives you an easy way to jump back and forth between any areas that you have glossed over and areas that need further review. The self-assessment quizzes also provide a way for you to test your understanding of the key concepts in each video.
1. What are the Different Types of Numbers?
Learn all of the different types of numbers: natural numbers, whole numbers, integers, rational numbers, irrational numbers, and real numbers. This video lesson teaches you how to classify any numbers you come across.
2. Arithmetic with Whole Numbers
There are four basic mathematical operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. These four operations are used in a wide range of everyday skills and are the fundamental blocks of arithmetic.
3. What Is The Order of Operations in Math? - Definition & Examples
The order of operations is the steps used to simplify any mathematical expression. In this video, learn how to solve problems using these steps and easy tricks to remember them.
4. How to Perform Basic Operations with Measurements
In this video lesson, you will learn how measurements are very much like variables when it comes to adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing them. You will also see examples of how they are done.
5. How to Take Measurements with Scales, Meters & Gauges
In the real world, we take measurements all the time. Measurements are taken when you drive and when you weigh yourself, for example. Watch this video lesson to learn how you can take measurements of things that are important.
6. Properties and Postulates of Geometric Figures
In geometry, there are some basic postulates that are relied upon as the basis for other theorems. Watch this video to learn about the postulates that deal with points, lines, and planes.
7. Geometric Constructions Using Lines and Angles
Watch this video lesson to learn about geometric construction and how you can copy line segments and angles without using any numbers. All you need is a straight edge and a compass.
8. Basic Formulas for Two- and Three-Dimensional Figures
Geometric measurements can be taken for one-, two-, and three-dimensional shapes. This lesson explores the most common formulas one would use to find perimeter, area, surface area, and volume of several two- and three-dimensional figures.
9. Using Geometry to Analyze Math Problems
As you learn more math concepts, it helps you solve problems faster and easier. This is the case when it comes to using geometry to solve math problems. Read this lesson to learn how common geometric shapes can help you solve problems.
10. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts
How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.
11. Mathematical Development in Children
Read this lesson, and you'll be surprised at how quickly little children learn about math and how it applies to their little world. You'll learn what to look for at each age.
12. Mathematics Assessment Strategies in Early Childhood
Math isn't just a school topic; it's actually a skill that children begin learning about soon after they begin talking. Learn what assessment strategies you can use to see how well your children are grasping their early math skills in this lesson.
13. Developmentally Appropriate Math Instruction
In this lesson, we will learn developmentally appropriate ways to incorporate math instruction into your classroom. We will learn what it means to be developmentally appropriate, and then provide some effective learning strategies to make this possible in early childhood learning.
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Other chapters within the NES Early Childhood Education (101): Practice & Study Guide course
- Early Childhood Development
- Developmental Learning Theories
- Basic Professional Skills for Educators
- Health & Safety Issues in Early Childhood
- Promoting Learning & Development
- Assessment in Early Childhood
- Positive Learning Environments for Young Children
- Oral Language Development in Children
- Teaching Reading Mechanics
- Strategies for Teaching Reading Fluency & Comprehension
- Writing Instruction for Early Childhood Education
- Educating Children Using the Arts
- Health & Physical Education for Children
- Number Sense for Children
- Teaching Social Studies Concepts & Skills
- Teaching Basic Science Concepts & Skills
- Working with Parents & Colleagues in Early Childhood Education
- Professional Responsibilities & Special Education for Educators
- NES Early Childhood Education Flashcards