About This Chapter
Matter & Energy - Chapter Summary
Video lessons for this chapter solidify basic physical chemistry skills your middle school student has learned in class. These information-packed videos familiarize students with the states and properties of matter. Your student may also utilize the short, multiple-choice lesson quizzes and the chapter exam as tools to verify their mastery of the material.
Chapter Lessons and Objectives
|Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties||Students will get an overview about physical and chemical properties of matter.|
|States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases, & Plasma||Students will learn about the four different states of matter.|
|Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition||Students will learn how to recognize how matter changes from its various states and describe the processes.|
|Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change||Students will delve into the most commonly seen chemical reactions and how they convert energy into different forms.|
|Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams||Instructors will give an overview of how to graphically depict changes in energy forms and their release or absorption of heat.|
|Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection & Radiation||Students will learn the basics of different types of heat transfer.|
|First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy||Instructors will provide an introduction to the First Law of Thermodynamics.|
1. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
2. States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases & Plasma
Learn the four states of matter in the universe: solid, liquid, gas and plasma. Learn about the differences in shape and volume among the four states, which of the states is the most common and why plasma conducts electricity.
3. Phase Change: Evaporation, Condensation, Freezing, Melting, Sublimation & Deposition
Substances on Earth can exist in one of four phases, but mostly, they exist in one of three: solid, liquid or gas. Learn the six changes of phase: freezing, melting, condensation, vaporization, sublimation and deposition.
4. Common Chemical Reactions and Energy Change
This lesson covers the five common types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion. You will learn how to predict what kind of chemical reaction will occur. You'll also explore how matter is conserved, but energy can change.
5. Changes in Heat and Energy Diagrams
Did you know that temperature and heat are not the same thing? Did you know that the temperature of water doesn't change when it boils? This lesson describes the relationship between heat and temperature. Diagrams are used to illustrate the relationship between heat and temperature during phase changes.
6. Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection & Radiation
There are three main ways that heat is transferred between substances or objects. In this video lesson you'll learn about each one, and identify the differences between them.
7. First Law of Thermodynamics: Law of Conservation of Energy
This video describes the first law of thermodynamics. Several examples of the application of this law are discussed. The significance of the law and its practical application are discussed as well.
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