About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in the McDougal Littell The Americans Revolution and Early Republic chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the Revolution and early Republic topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Sons of Liberty
- The Boston Massacre
- The Boston Tea Party
- Start of the American Revolution
- The Second Continental Congress
- Declaration of Independence
- British Loyalists vs. American Patriots
- Early victories and defeats in the Revolutionary War
- The Treaty of Paris
- Social and economic consequences of the American Revolution
- The Articles of Confederation
- Ratification of the Constitution
- The U.S. Constitution
- The Bill of Rights
- The new United States government
- Federalists vs. Republicans
- The Whiskey Rebellion
- The French Revolution
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1. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
2. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
3. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
4. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
5. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense
1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?
6. The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy
After 12 years of tension and fighting, the colonists and their leaders were ready to declare themselves a new country, independent of Great Britain. This lesson examines the motives, the text, and the legacy of America's Declaration of Independence.
7. British Loyalists vs. American Patriots During the American Revolution
In this lesson, learn about the difficult decisions faced by individuals as the American Revolution erupted. Would you have been a Loyalist or a Patriot? Are you sure about that?
8. George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge
After a series of setbacks in 1776, George Washington's leadership of the Continental Army helped America turn the tide of the war in three pivotal locations, prompting France to recognize the United States as a nation and an ally.
9. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris
After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.
10. American Revolution: Social and Economic Impact
Learn about the impact of the Revolutionary War throughout the world, especially on various segments of American society. We'll look at political, social, and economic impacts.
11. The Articles of Confederation and the Northwest Ordinance
The Articles of Confederation was the new nation's founding document, but the government established under the Articles was too weak. The new central government had no way of raising revenue and no ability to enforce the commitments made by the states. The Northwest Ordinance paved the way for the growth of the new nation.
12. The Ratification of the Constitution and the New U.S. Government
The U.S. Constitution may be one of the most important documents in history, but it wasn't a sure thing. A lot of debate took place. There were many people passionate about ratification, and many people passionate about ensuring it didn't get ratified. The divide over the Constitution shows us the root of political parties in the U.S.
13. The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments
The U.S. Constitution is one of the most important documents in history. It establishes the government of the United States, and its first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights, assures every U.S. citizen the rights we have all come to hold dear.
14. The Bill of Rights: The Constitution's First 10 Amendments
The Bill of Rights was pivotal in getting the U.S. Constitution ratified. More importantly, the Bill of Rights guarantees the rights of every citizen of the United States in a way that is nearly unequaled.
15. George Washington and the New United States Government
George Washington was the United States' first president. He knew everything he did would set the stage for future presidents of the country. A heavy weight was on his shoulders, and much of what he established in his two terms set the precedent for presidents today.
16. Hamilton and the Federalists vs. Jefferson and the Republicans
Although President Washington warned against the nation falling into political factions, the different views of the Constitution held by Alexander Hamilton and the Federalists and Thomas Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans set the path for the two-party system that the U.S. has today.
17. The Whiskey Rebellion and Battle of Fallen Timbers
In the early days of the U.S., President Washington and the new government were tested by foreign and domestic issues. How these issues were dealt with would establish the young nation's position. Domestically, the Whiskey Rebellion and the Battle of Fallen Timbers demonstrated how rebellion and territorial issues would be decided.
18. The French Revolution, Jay Treaty and Treaty of San Lorenzo
In the U.S., early foreign affairs were of incredible importance. For the young nation to survive, they had to exist in a world with tense relations. Should the new nation get involved in foreign wars? How do they negotiate with foreign powers? This lesson looks at the early foreign relations of the United States.
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Other chapters within the McDougal Littell The Americans: Online Textbook Help course
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 1: Exploration and the Colonial Era
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 3: Growth of A Young Nation
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 4: The Union in Peril
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 5: Changes on the Western Frontier
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 6: A New Industrial Age
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 7: Immigrants and Urbanization
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 8: Life at the Turn of the Century
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 9: Progressive Era
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 10: America Claims an Empire
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 11: The First World War
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 12: Politics of the Roaring 20s
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 13: The Roaring Life of the 20s
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 14: The Great Depression Begins
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 15: The New Deal
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 16: World War Looms
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 17: The United States in WWII
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 19: The Post War Booms
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 20: The New Frontier and the Great Society
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 21: Civil Rights
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 22: The Vietnam Years
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 23: An Era of Social Change
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 24: An Age of Limits
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 25: The Conservative Tide
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 26: The United States in the World Today