About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify the lessons in the McDougal Littell The Americans The Vietnam Years chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons within this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the Vietnam years topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
Students will learn:
- Indochina from 1900 to 1945
- Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh and the fight for independence
- American involvement in Indochina
- The First Indochina War
- American involvement in Vietnam under Kennedy
- Kennedy's policy during the Vietnam War
- Turning points during the Vietnam War
- The Gulf of Tonkin crisis and resolution
- American involvement in Vietnam under Johnson
- Johnson's military strategies
- Operations by the People's Army of Vietnam and National Liberation Front
- The Tet Offensive
- The effects of the Vietnam War on Americans
- Opposition to the Vietnam War from 1965 to 1968
- American dissent and protests during the Vietnam War
- The 1960s student movement
- How 1968 changed the nation
- Nixon's plan to withdraw American forces
- The My Lai Massacre
- The Cambodia invasion under Nixon
- The Easter Offensive of 1972
- The fall of Saigon
- Post-war issues in the U.S.
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1. Indochina from 1900 to 1945: Culture, Government & Unrest
The history of the Vietnam War begins with understanding the events in Indochina prior to the end of 1945. In this lesson, you will learn about Indochina's culture, foreign rule and internal opposition to foreigners prior to the American arrival in Vietnam.
2. Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh
Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh attempted to usher in Vietnamese independence while eliminating foreign influence. Learn more about Ho, the Viet Minh and the crusade for a free Vietnam.
3. Roosevelt & Truman: Beginning American Involvement in Indochina
The question over the future of Indochina led to discussion, action and conflict. Learn about President Roosevelt's plan, the nationalist crusade, President Truman's reaction and the impending war in this video lesson.
4. First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu & the Geneva Conference
Conflict between the French and Viet Minh led to the First Indochina War. In this lesson, you will learn about the causes of the war, the important battles and the final resolution, which led to increased American intervention in Southeast Asia.
5. Enlarging American Involvement in Vietnam Under Kennedy
Between 1961 and 1962, President John F. Kennedy sought to establish an American presence in Southeast Asia. Learn about Kennedy's strategy, which included an increase of American advisors and resources in Vietnam, in this lesson.
6. President Kennedy's Advisors: Shaping Policy During the Vietnam War
President John F. Kennedy sought to establish a prolific foreign policy team consisting of the nation's most acclaimed individuals. Learn about these advisors and their impact on shaping policy in the Vietnam War.
7. Vietnam Turning Points: The Buddhist Crisis, Kennedy Assassination & More
The year 1963 represented an important turning point for the United States in the Vietnam War. Learn about events such as the Battle of Ap Bac, the Buddhist Crisis and the assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem in this video lesson.
8. Gulf of Tonkin Crisis and Resolution: Events and Congressional Response
The Gulf of Tonkin Crisis brought the United States closer to war with North Vietnam. Learn about the event, the United States' response and its impact on broadening the Vietnam War in this lesson.
9. Johnson Americanizes the War in Vietnam
The path toward the full Americanization of the Vietnam War was a gradual process. Learn about President Lyndon B. Johnson's initial strategy, his response to North Vietnam and his decision for escalation in this video lesson.
10. Johnson's Military Strategies for American Success
From 1965 to 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson was forced to develop military strategies for ensuring success for the United States in the Vietnam War. Learn about how Johnson expected to defeat North Vietnam in this lesson.
11. People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front
The People's Army of Vietnam and the National Liberation Front represented North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. This lesson will focus on the overall ideology, the respective operations of the groups and the tactics employed against the United States.
12. The Tet Offensive: The First Major Offensive from North Vietnam
The Tet Offensive marked the first major conventional invasion by North Vietnam on South Vietnam during the Vietnam War. Learn more about the invasion, including the planning, execution and outcome of the offensive.
13. Opposition to the Vietnam War, 1965-1968
The antiwar movement from 1965 to 1968 was the first wave of American dissent against the Vietnam War. Learn about the movement, including its leadership, organizations, and impact on President Lyndon B. Johnson in this lesson.
14. American Dissent During the Vietnam War
This lesson looks at the anti-war protests that gripped the United States during the Vietnam War. Learn about the student activism and congressional amendments that attempted to stop the conflict.
15. The Student Movement of the 1960s
The societal disillusion felt by the younger generation of the 1950s was translated into a massive student movement during the 1960s. Learn about the formation of the movement, its campaigns and its inevitable end.
16. 1968: The Year that Changed the Nation
The year of 1968 was a year of war in Southeast Asia, domestic clashes over racial equality and war and fallen leaders, including Dr. King and Robert Kennedy. Learn more about the year that changed the nation in this video lesson.
17. Vietnamization: Nixon's Plan to Withdraw American Forces
When Nixon was elected President, he faced a difficult decision concerning Vietnam. In this lesson, learn about President Nixon's strategy to turn the war over to the South Vietnamese and gradually withdraw American forces.
18. The My Lai Massacre: Causes and Significance
The My Lai Massacre was a deviation from the normal military campaigns of the United States in the Vietnam War. Learn about the atrocity including its background, the events and its importance within the war in this lesson.
19. Cambodia and Laos: Impact of Major Operations Under Nixon
During the Vietnam War, President Nixon launched a secret bombing campaign to upset North Vietnamese supply and training bases. In this lesson, learn about the impact this bombing had on Vietnam and the neighboring countries of Cambodia and Laos.
20. The Easter Offensive of 1972: North Vietnam Attacks the South
The Easter Offensive of 1972 was an effort by North Vietnam to eradicate South Vietnam, expedite the American withdrawal and unify the nation. Learn about the planning, execution and outcome of the campaign.
21. The Fall of Saigon During the Vietnam War: Causes and Timeline
On April 30, 1975, the Fall of Saigon occurred in South Vietnam, marking the end of the Vietnam War. Learn about the lead-up to the event, its occurrence and the aftermath for the United States and Southeast Asia in this lesson.
22. Post-War Issues: Aftereffects of the Vietnam War on the U.S.
The defeat of the United States in the Vietnam War gripped the nation in the decades that followed. Learn more about the post-war years, including policy, veteran affairs and the American psyche, in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the McDougal Littell The Americans: Online Textbook Help course
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 1: Exploration and the Colonial Era
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 2: Revolution and Early Republic
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 3: Growth of A Young Nation
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 4: The Union in Peril
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 5: Changes on the Western Frontier
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 6: A New Industrial Age
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 7: Immigrants and Urbanization
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 8: Life at the Turn of the Century
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 9: Progressive Era
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 10: America Claims an Empire
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 11: The First World War
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 12: Politics of the Roaring 20s
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 13: The Roaring Life of the 20s
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 14: The Great Depression Begins
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 15: The New Deal
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 16: World War Looms
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 17: The United States in WWII
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 18: Cold War Conflicts
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 19: The Post War Booms
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 20: The New Frontier and the Great Society
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 21: Civil Rights
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 23: An Era of Social Change
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 24: An Age of Limits
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 25: The Conservative Tide
- McDougal Littell The Americans Chapter 26: The United States in the World Today