Ch 14: McDougal Littell World History Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe

About This Chapter

The Formation of Western Europe chapter of this McDougal Littell World History Companion Course helps students learn the essential lessons associated with the rise of the major powers of Western Europe. Each of these simple and fun video lessons is about five minutes long and is sequenced to align with the Formation of Western Europe textbook chapter.

How It Works:

  • Identify the lessons in the McDougal Littell Formation of Western Europe chapter with which you need help.
  • Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
  • Watch fun videos that cover formation of Western Europe topics you need to learn or review.
  • Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
  • If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.

Students Will Study:

  • Gothic architecture and art, including stained glass windows
  • Causes, history and impact of the Crusades
  • The Medieval warm period and agricultural technologies
  • Development of universities
  • Thomas Aquinas and his work
  • Towns and commerce, including the importance of guilds
  • The Magna Carta and the Constitution of Clarendon
  • William the Conqueror
  • Politics in the Dark Ages
  • Philip Augustus of France and Henry II of England
  • The Great Schism in the Eastern and Western churches
  • Christian Anti-Semitism
  • The Little Ice Age and the Black Death
  • The Tale of Three Popes and the Western Schism
  • The Hundred Years' War, including the role of the longbow and Joan of Arc

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21 Lessons in Chapter 14: McDougal Littell World History Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History

1. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History

This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.

Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style

2. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style

In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.

Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics

3. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics

This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.

The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

4. The First Crusade: Causes and Effects

This lesson covers the motivations of Pope Urban II in calling for the crusade at Clermont and at the religious and secular motivations of European laymen. We will also look at the startling success of the first crusade.

The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

5. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.

Results and Impact of the Crusades

6. Results and Impact of the Crusades

This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.

The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies

7. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies

In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.

The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries

8. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries

Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.

Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church

9. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church

St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.

The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce

10. The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce

This lesson explores the urban revolution of the 12th century. We will examine the causes, especially the resurgence of trade, and then look at the various factors that made the revolution possible. Finally, we will discuss the impact of this revolution on Medieval Europe.

Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages

11. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages

Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.

The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance

12. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance

In the High Middle Ages, rulers fought for supreme power. This lesson explores two of the earliest documents to limit power of an authority figure, whether it was the pope or a king.

William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages

13. William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages

This lesson will explore the life and deeds of William the Conqueror. In exploring the political backdrop of the Dark Ages, it will highlight the Battle of Hastings, the Bayeux Tapestry, and the Domesday Book.

Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France

14. Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France

This lesson will explore the reigns of the Angevin Plantagenet kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John. It will also highlight their dealings with Philip Augustus of France.

The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches

15. The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches

This lesson will define and explain the Great Schism, which led to the formation of Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. In doing so, it will highlight the political and cultural factors that led to the the great divide.

Christian Antisemitism in Medieval Europe

16. Christian Antisemitism in Medieval Europe

Medieval Europe was predominantly full of Christian societies, but not all citizens were Christians. In this lesson, we'll talk about anti-Semitic policies and fears that characterize European societies for over a millennium.

The Little Ice Age and the Black Death

17. The Little Ice Age and the Black Death

Fourteenth century Europe experienced a devastating population decline due to a climate cooling, famine, and the plague. This lesson explores how these factors occurred and their impact on Europe.

The Western Schism and the Tale of 3 Popes

18. The Western Schism and the Tale of 3 Popes

In the Middle Ages, the Catholic church ended up with three elected popes, creating a division in loyalty. This lesson explores how this incident occurred and how it was finally resolved.

The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France

19. The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France

The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France between 1337 and 1453. This lesson explores what led to the conflict and some of the decisive battles of the war.

The Longbow in the Hundred Years' War

20. The Longbow in the Hundred Years' War

The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France over English control of French territories. In two major battles, England won because of their longbowmen. This lesson explains why the longbows were important.

Joan of Arc and the End of the Hundred Years' War

21. Joan of Arc and the End of the Hundred Years' War

Joan of Arc was a French peasant who led French troops against England in the Hundred Years' War. This lesson provides a brief description of her life and actions in the war against England.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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