About This Chapter
How It Works:
- Identify the lessons in the McDougal Littell Classical Greece, 2000 B.C.-300 B.C. chapter with which you need help.
- Find the corresponding video lessons with this companion course chapter.
- Watch fun videos that cover the classical Greece topics you need to learn or review.
- Complete the quizzes to test your understanding.
- If you need additional help, rewatch the videos until you've mastered the material or submit a question for one of our instructors.
You'll learn all of the history topics covered in the textbook chapter, including:
- Mycenaean civilization
- Collapse of Mycenae and the rise of Greek colonization
- The Iliad and The Odyssey
- Greek city-states and their governments
- Herodotus' chronicle of the Persian War
- Greek tactics in war
- Democracy in Athens
- Pericles and the Athenian Golden Age
- Greek art, theatre and architecture
- Peloponnesian War
- Origins of philosophy
- Socrates, Plato, Aristotle
- Alexander the Great and Hellenism
- The Library of Alexandria
- Euclid, Archimedes, Ptolemy
- Cynics, epicurean, stoic schools of philosophy
McDougal Littell is a registered trademark of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, which is not affiliated with Study.com.
1. Mycenaean Civilization Develops
The Mycenaeans were among the first people to settle in Greece and ultimately would set the stage of much of Greek Culture for the centuries to follow, from mythology to the tales of Homer.
2. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
6. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
7. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
8. Athenian Democracy: Solon and Cleisthenes
Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today. Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.
9. Pericles, the Delian League, and the Athenian Golden Age
This lecture covers the formation of the Delian League, its development into the Athenian Empire and the peculiar place of Pericles in the midst of it all, turning the city of Athens into the seat of an empire.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy
This lecture examines the function of theatre in Greek culture and religion, with special focus on the Athenians. It then explores the three different sorts of Greek theatre: satyr plays, comedy and tragedy, citing specific examples. Finally, we study the impact of theatre on Western civilization.
12. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
13. Peloponnesian War and Thucydides
This lecture covers the Peloponnesian War. First we enumerate the causes of the war. Then we examine Pericles' plan to win it. We see how Pericles' plan eventually fell apart and how the Athenians struggled without leadership until their eventual destruction at the hands of the Spartans.
14. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
15. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy
This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.
16. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence
This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.
17. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence
This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.
18. Alexander the Great and the Birth of Hellenism
This lesson describes Alexander the Great's mighty empire. Beginning with a brief account of his father Philip, the lecture then turns to an enumeration of Alexander's conquests. Next, Alexander's methods are explored. Finally, we will discuss Alexander's legacy of Hellenization.
19. The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization
This lecture begins by examining the spread of the Greek language and alphabet during the Hellenistic period and noting the implications of a universal language. Next we look at four factors that combined to make Alexandria the heart of Hellenistic scholarship: common language, a convenient alphabet, papyrus and climate.
20. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers
This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.
21. Schools of Philosophy in Antiquity: Cynics, Epicureans & Stoics
In this lesson, we will study three schools of philosophy in antiquity: the Cynics, the Epicureans, and the Stoics. We will discuss the founder of each school, as well as its major characteristics.
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Other chapters within the McDougal Littell World History: Online Textbook Help course
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 1: The Peopling of the World, Prehistory-2500 B.C.
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 2: Early River Valley Civilizations, 3500 B.C.-450 B.C.
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 3: People and Ideas on the Move, 2000 B.C.-250 B.C.
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 4: First Age of Empires, 1570 B.C.-200 B.C.
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C.-A.D. 501
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 7: India and China Establish Empires, 400 B.C.-A.D. 551
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 8: African Civilizations, 1500 B.C.-A.D. 701
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 9: The Americas: A Separate World, 40,000 B.C.-A.D. 701
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 10: The Muslim World, 600-1251
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 11: Byzantines, Russians, and Turks Interact, 500-1501
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 12: Empires in East Asia, 600-1351
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 13: European Middle Ages
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 14: The Formation of Western Europe
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 15: Societies and Empires of Africa
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 16: People and Empires in the Americas
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 17: European Renaissance and Reformation
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 18: The Muslim World Expands
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 19: An Age of Explorations and Isolations
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 20: The Atlantic World
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 21: Absolute Monarchs in Europe
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 22: Enlightenment and Revolutions
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 23: The French Revolution and Napoleon
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 24: Nationalists Revolutions Sweep the West
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 25: The Industrial Revolution
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 26: An Age of Democracy and Progress
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 27: The Age of Imperialism
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 28: Transformations Around the Globe
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 29: The Great War
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 30: Asian Revolutions and Nationalism
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 31: Years of World Crisis
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 32: World War Two
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 33: Restructuring the Postwar World
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 34: The Colonies Become New Nations
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 35: Struggles for Democracy
- McDougal Littell World History Chapter 36: Global Independence